COMMISSION B : Fields and Waves (Nov. '01 - Oct. '04)

Edited by Makoto Ando

 

B1. Scattering and Diffraction

In URSI Commission B, the topic gscattering and diffractionh is a broad and very important subject area. There has been a great progress during the last three years in developing various solution methods and new results related to this topic. There are a number of simple, canonical two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) targets.

Summarized below is the recent progress in the research carried out in Japan during the three-year period from November 2001 to October 2004 regarding the topic area B1: Scattering and Diffraction.

 In the following, we have provided a summary of the research related to this topic, which, however, is closely related to all the other topics B2-B8. It is therefore suggested that readers also refer to the results summarized in Sections B2 to B8.

 

1.1 Basic Electromagnetic Fields Analysis

Recently there has been an increasing interest for the basic electromagnetic fields analysis such as Helmholtz's theorem, Kramers-Kronig relation , superluminal group velocity , optical ray fields, polarization of the Poynting flux ,and guided wave fields.

Hosono [2002] investigated a new extension for the Helmholtz's theorem, which is based on the vector fields. This new expression of the theorem has been applied to those fields which are finite at infinity .For the Kramers-Kronig relation, Hosono and Hosono [2003] proposed a new algorithm that uses the Kramers-Kronig relation extended to complex frequency domain, and that can easily be carried out by a computer, and also analyzed the problem of negative group velocity, and showed that the group velocity of a wave packet is nothing but the phase velocity of the envelope. For the superluminal group velocity, Hosono and Hosono [2004] studied the precise waveforms of a causal half-sine-modulated pulse and a triangle-modulated pulse propagating in the Lorentz medium, and also clarified the effects of analyticity of signal to deepen understanding of the mechanism of superluminal group velocity theoretic consideration of a network.

Tokumaru [2002] introduced an optical ray field which satisfies the law of electromagnetic energy density flow in geometrical optics , and also proved to be the electromagnetic plane wave field when the optical ray field satisfying Maxwell's equations. For the polarization of the Poynting flux, Tokumaru [2003a] investigated an elliptic locus of the tip of the real-time Poynting flux of electromagnetic fields by 4 in term of a concept of the polarization. For the guided wave fields, Tokumaru [2003b] investigated the E-type and H-type guided phenomena , a reversal conception toward the guided waves , as it guided wave fields based on energy-transport relations. This new guided wave fields agree with the usual guided waves, if the new guided wave field satisfy the Maxwell's equations.

 

1.2 Periodic Array Structures

Recently, the scattering problems of periodic dielectric or metallic grating with inhomogeneous media have been of considerable interest, such as photonic bandgap crystals , frequency selective devices, optical fiber gratings ,and so on.

For the dielectric grating, the multilayered periodic arrays , and crossed-arrays of circular cylinders has been analyzed by[Jandieri and Yasumoto[2004], Yasumoto and Jia[2004a], Yasumoto[2004b] and Yasumoto et al.[2004c]] using the lattice sums technique, the aggregate T-matrix algorithm, and the generalized reflection and transmission matrices for a layered system. They also analyzed the lossy circular cylinders embedded in a dielectric slab , and with multiple eccentric cylindrical inclusions by Yasumoto and Jia[2003] and Toyama et al. [2003], respectively. Yamasaki et al.[2002] analyzed the columnar dielectric gratings with elliptically layered medium using the improved Fourier series expansion method and the multilayer method. Watanabe K. [2003] analyzed the sinusoidal and echelette gratings in an anisotoropic medium using Li's Fourier factorization rules , but a coupled first-order differential-equation set is derived using only the Laurent rule , and also investigated the convergence of this formulation . Komatsu et al.[2003] analyzed the dielectric gratings in conical mounting by applying inverse rule to matrix eigenvalue method that is using the Fourier series expansion for relative permittivity and the spatial harmonics expansion for electromagnetic fields.

Guan et al.[2003] analyzed the scattering problems of electromagnetic waves by the boundary element method (BEM) using the wavelet transform approach, and this approach reduced both the computation costs of performing the wavelet transform and solving sparse linear equations if it is compared with the conventional one.

On the other hand, for the metallic gratings, Wakabayashi et al.[2003] analyzed the thin metallic grating with a thickness profile using a combination of the Fourier series expansion method and the multilayered step method. The convergence of this method is improved using the spatial harmonics of flux densities instead of electromagnetic fields normal to the surface of a metallic grating. Wakabayashi et al.[2004] also investigated a thin metallic grating placed in conical mounting as a lossy dielectric grating expressed by complex permittivity and thickness using the resistive boundary condition and the spectral Galerkin procedure, and investigated the availability of the resistive boundary condition for thin metallic gratings in conical mounting. Asai et al.[2002a] analyzed the electromagnetic waves interacting with a planar-stratified bianisotropic medium with a strip grating using the 4 ~ 4 matrix-based approach and the moment method, and investigated a periodically- apertured metallic sheet on a uniaxial chiral slab[Asai et al.[2002b]] and an anisotoropic chiral slab[Asai et al.[2002c]] using same methods. Asai et al.[2003] also analyzed the diffraction from a uniaxial chiral slab with a two-dimensional periodic array of conducting patches is by the matrix-based approach using the coupled mode equations and the moment method.

Jia and Yasumoto [2004a, 2004b, 2004c, 2004d] analyzed the scattering from periodic arrays of the metallic cylinders with arbitrary cross section using the generalized scattering matrix combined with the modal method ,and also shown that the convergence of the solution is very fast and the accuracy is very high.

Yamasaki et al.[2004] proposed a new method  for the scattering of electromagnetic waves by inhomogeneous dielectric gratings with perfectly conducting strip using the improved Fourier series expansion and point matching method.

The solar cell module is recently installed on the periodic walls of multistory buildings with a public attention to the clean energy. However, it gives rise to a ghosting phenomenon in TV for much more wide area.

Hatakeyama et al[2003, 2004] investigated a reflection reducing method of for a frequency range of the digital broadcasting by using solar cell module embedded in the windows and found that the reflection can be reduced over 10 [dB] by optimizing the module arrangement and the wire structure connecting the cell.

 

1.3 Cavity Structures

Ohnuki and Hinata [2003] have analyzed the transient scattering by a parallel-plate waveguide cavity numerically using the point matching technique and numerical inversion of Laplace transform.

Sekiguchi et al. [2003] proposed an algorithm to estimate non-destructively the depth of a crack using the electromagnetic waves, and investigated the periodical sharp dips in the scattering by a though on a conducting surface ,it the first dip frequency corresponds to the crack depth. This algorithm can estimate the depth of a crack within 3 percent error. Shirai and Sekiguchi [2004] also proposed a simple estimation formula and measurement method for a crack on metal surfaces, and studied the dependencies of the crack's aperture and the incident angle and considered as the depth obtained estimation parameters.

The three – dimensional (3-D) cavity formed by a finite circular waveguide with a planar termination at the open end has been rigorously analyzed the case of the axial symmetric diffraction problem by Kobayashi and his colleagues using the Wiener-Hopf technique [Kuryliak et al., 2002a.200b].They also analyzed the vector diffraction problem for a circular waveguide cavity rigorously using Wiener-Hopf technique [Kuryliak et al., 2004a.2004b,2004c].

 

1.4 Canonical Structures

Hashimoto [2004] studied the scattering of the two dimensional electromagnetic waves by the infinite sequences of zeros arising on the complex plane, which just correspond to the null points of the far field pattern given as a function of the azimuthal angle , and also evaluated the convergent sequences of zeros around the point of infinity when the scattering objects are assumed to be N-polygonal cylinders. It was shown that if the locations of zeros are determined appropriately, the every edge condition can be satisfied, also shown that there are N-directions of convergence, which tend to infinity.

Shimoda et al.[2004] analyzed the plane wave scattering by an inhomogeneous plane whose surface impedance changes locally on the plane with the aid of the Fourier transform derives an integral equation, which is approximately solved by the method of least-squares , and expressed the scattering phenomenon using the incomplete Lipschitz-Hankel integral .

Yokota and Kai[2002a] analyzed the Scattering of a Hermite-Gaussian beam wave which expressed as a superposition of multipole fields at complex source points by a chiral cylinder and the scattered near fields of the beam incidence are calculated and the effects of chirality, the polarization and the radius of the chiral cylinder on the fields are examined. They also analyzed the Scattering of a Hermite-Gaussian beam by two Chiral Cylinders[Yokota and Kinoshita[2002b]].

 

1.5 (3-D) Structures

For the 3-dimensional electromagnetic wave scattering problem , the choices of the parameters and the weighting functions are very important in the integral equation. Matsuhara et al. [2003] evaluated the choices of the parameters and the weighting functions by making the condition number into the evaluation basis for using integral equation.

Koba et al.[2003] proposed a rapid algorithm on the Yasuura method using an array of multipoles as well as a conventional multipole for the 3-D electromagnetic scattering problems by dielectric objects which we need to solve a big size simultaneous linear equation. They also obtained the radar cross sections of dielectric objects in the optical wave region over a relative wide frequency range and a TDG pulse response.

Murasaki [2002] proposed a new method by transforming a PO surface integral to a line integral along the boundary of the scatterer. The advantage of this method is to be able to reduce the time fur fields calculation compared with the original PO.

Miyamoto et al.[2003] analyzed the fiber grating, embedded and raised strip periodic waveguides with rectangular cross-section using revised Fourier series expansion method which is effective for the analysis on various kinds of 3-dimensional periodic waveguides with arbitrary number of periods.

The analysis of near optical fields around an aperture in metallic screens is fundamental problem in electromagnetic theory. Tanka et al. [2003a, 2004a] analyzed numerically the optical near-field in a small aperture and a subwavelength-size aperture in a thick metallic screen by the three-dimensional volume integral equation with generalized minimum residual method and fast Fourier transformation. Tanka et al. [2003b, 2004b] analyzed a thick metallic screen that provides a I-shaped subwavelength aperture for high intensity and small spot size ,and also proposed a modification of I-shaped aperture in a pyramidal structure on a thick metallic screen Tanka et al. [2004c, 200d].

(T. Yamasaki)

 

B2. Inverse Scattering

Accurate and effective mathematical approach to the inverse scattering problems will be useful in many applications of electromagnetic and optical engineering. The estimation of material using wave is a typical problem and Ishida. et al. [2004a] [2004b], described a novel approach using extended T-matrix elements.

Classification of surface condition can be extended from a small scale to a very large scale. Classical classification techniques were known for applications to land use classification in remote sensing, but new approaches have been proposed. Hirose et al. [2001] and Minami, et al. [2003], showed a method using neural-network for land classification.

Radar polarimetry for SAR is another very powerful approach for land use classification. This kind of research is active in Japan, because Japan is planning to launch a new earth observation satellite ALOS, which is equipped with a full polarimetric SAR, namely PALSAR in 2005. Most of the following researches are related to ALOS-PALSAR. Murase, [2001] dealed with polariemtric indices for extracting scattering characteristics of trees and shows that the correlation coefficient in the circular polarization basis best serves to classify conifer trees and broad leaf trees. Generally, a scattering object has eight characteristic polarization states. Yang, [2002b] derived these characteristic polarization states via equi-power curves on the Poincare sphere. Yang [2002a] then examined the property of scattering matrix mathematically and has derived the periodicity of scattering matrix nature. The result is applied to classify the targets based on the periodicity. Pi-SAR is a Japanese airborne polarimetric SAR sensor, which can test some characteristics of the ALOS-PALSAR. Yamaguchi, [2002a] presented the image simulations using airborne Pi-SAR polarimetric data taking into account of radar resolutions. Pacific-Rim flight campaign provided the data acquired with both AIRSAR (JPL) and Pi-SAR (CRL/NASDA). The images over the same area were compared from the polarimetric scattering point of view [Yamaguchi 2002b]. It was shown that the scattering characteristics from urban area become different each other by small incidence angle within 2-3 degrees. On the other hand, the scattering characteristics remain the same for natural target. Polarimetric filtering technique was applied to the detection of objects buried in the underground by Yamaguchi [2002c]. Since the polarization state of earth surface can be measurable quantity, it is used as null state to image the entire detection image so that the surface clutter is eliminated. This suppresses surface clutter and provides better contrast image for detection of underground target. An X-band scatterometer was applied to monitor wheat chlorophyll. Singh, et al.  [2003], showed that polarimetric power ratio varies with wheat growing stage which is related to the amount of chlorophyll contained within wheat. Kimura, et al. [2003] tried to classify terrain target using polarimetric entropy, alpha angle, and total power. Since the total power is one of the essential parameters for radar, it is expected to serve to classify targets in noisy cluttered environment. Based on unsupervised maximum likelihood method, it was shown that the method is effective for classification in complex environment. Generalized optimization of polarimetric contrast enhancement method was developed to find specific target in fully polarimetric SAR image. When the polarization states for transmitter and receiver are independent, there are two freedom for maximizing desired power vs. clutter power ratio. The optimization condition was solved by generalized eigen-value problem by Yang et al. [2004]. Kimura et al. [2004a] tried to classify terrain target using polarimetric entropy, alpha angle, and total power. Since the total power is one of the essential parameters for radar, it is expected to serve classify target in noisy cluttered environment. Using unsupervised maximum likelihood method, it was shown that the method is effective for classification in complex environment. The result was validated by experiment with Pi-SAR data over Niigata University area. More quantitative analysis for radar polarimetry have been studied. Kimura et al.[2004b] showed that the phase of the correlation coefficient in the circular polarization basis is effective for detection of man-made targets. The phase image of circular polarization correlation coefficient detected clearly man-made target such as buildings and building blocks not parallel to SAR flight path. Yamaguchi et al.[2004] showed that the phase in the circular polarization correlation coefficient is effective for detection of oriented targets with respect to SAR flight path. The phase image provided man-made target such as buildings and building blocks not parallel to SAR flight path. Moriyama et al.[2004] examined the correlation coefficients in the various polarization bases and shows that the phase in the circular polarization correlation coefficient is effective for feature extraction of polarimetric SAR data. A method is proposed to detect man-made target using the circular polarization correlation coefficient together with RCS of target.

Radar interferometry is another classical approach to land use classification in SAR, and effective algorithms for phase unwrapping have been developed. Suksmono and Hirose tried adaptive signal processing [Suksmono et al., 2002a, 2002b], and they used space wave number domain approach [Suksmono etl.al.2003], and Monte-Carlo approach [Suksmono et al. 2002c] to this problem.

Super resolution techniques such as MUSIC have been applied to accurate target location in radar. Location estimation of cylindrical scatters using a MUSIC algorithm was applied to borehole radar by Miwa et al. [2004a].  The experiment in water is carried out so that this method can estimate the location of the cylinders horizontally separated by 4 lambda. And a MUSIC algorithm was successfully introduced to locate point targets surrounded by transmitting and receiving linear array [Miwa 2004b]. The resolution of imaging is greatly improved in comparison with a conventional diffraction stacking method. Super resolution algorithm can be used for various kinds of applications. Akimoto et al. [2004] applied MUSIC algorithm for locating near-field electromagnetics emissional sources and applied it to PCB. Super resolution techniques can be used for geophysical parameter estimation in remote sensing, and Yamada, [2002 proposed an approach for polarimetric SAR interferometry based on the ESPRIT and showed accurate estimation technique of tree height. The proposed technique has a feature to detect local scattering centers corresponding to the canopy top and the ground. Then Sato [2003a] examined performance of ESPRIT-based polarimetric SAR interferometry for the forest analysis. The ESPRIT technique can resolve local scattering centers as many as independent observed channels, that means the technique can detect three local scattering centers in the forest at the maximum with fully polarimetric data sets. By using this feature, they showed experimentally that the tree height estimation accuracy can be improved when they analyze additional local scattering center between canopy top and the ground. This is a powerful technique for the forest analysis, however estimated tree height would sometimes be biased. Yamada et al. [2003] showed that strong volume scattering causes the bias, therefore the estimated results should be carefully evaluated for the dense forest analysis.

Due to recent development of powerful numerical forward simulation techniques such as FDTD, and the advanced time-domain measurement techniques, multi-dimensional time-domain inversion algorithm became quite practical inversion scheme. An iterative inverse-scattering approach to reconstruction of electrical parameter distributions of a three-dimensional object by using time-domain filed data was presented by Takenaka et al. [2003]. Numerical examples of simulation data were given to assess the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. In order to improve the image quality from the FBTS method, Tanaka et al. [2003] proposed a new reconstruction algorithm. The measured time-domain data are low-pass filtered and the FBTS algorithm was used for the filtered data. Numerical results show the effectiveness. An iterative time-domain algorithm for reconstructing three-dimensional lossy objects using microwave data transmitted and collected by dipole antennas was presented by Zhou et al. [2003a]. Numerical examples showed that the algorithm can reconstruct simultaneously from noise-free and noisy data the permittivity and conductivity. A new iterative algorithm for the reconstruction of two-dimensional biaxial anisotropic objects was developed using time-domain scattering data by Takenaka et al. [2001]. All of the calculations in both the forward and inversion algorithms were carried out efficiently in the time domain using the finite-difference time-domain method.

Subsurface sensing is one of typical areas which requires powerful inversion technique. Researches for borehole exploration tools such as borehole radar, which is a radar system used in drilled boreholes, have many similarities to medical imaging engineering, but uses much lower frequency. Liu et al. [2002] proposed an electromagnetic logging technique based on borehole radar, which can measure the dielectric constant and conductivity of the formation rock simultaneously by radar technology. When multiple boreholes are available, we can measure electromagnetic wave propagation between two boreholes and tomographic imaging can be applied. However, in general, location of sensors are strongly limited, and the problem is quite difficult. Zhou et al [2004] compared travel time tomography and image reconstruction by migration for a subsurface cavity. The result of tomography indicates that there is an anomalous area, and the result of migration gave a more accurate position of the cavity. This result shows that borehole radar has a very high resolution, when signal processing is applied properly. A two-step iterative approach for imaging two-dimensional buried objects by cross-hole radar data in the time domain was proposed by Jia [2002]: the first step is to reduce the search region to a smaller one and the second step is the accurate reconstruction of the targets in the small region.

Powerful inverse scattering algorithm is possible, only when data sets with high quality is available. Especially, recent development of inversion algorithm requires time-domain data and broad-band signal acquisition. Broad band radar systems have been developed for these purposes, and they are practically used in Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) and UWB applications. Conventional GPR systems are quasi-monostatic radar systems. Sato  [2003b] proposed a new Bistatic GPR system using a passive optical sensor for landmine detection and applied for landmine detection [Sato 2003c, 2004b]. This is a compact bistatic radar system, which is suitable for scanning above a ground surface, where possibly landmines are buried. Inaba et al. [2004] developed a wideband and compact microwave front-end circuit for adaptive plastic landmine imaging arrays, which is a Ku-band radar system.

Subsurface imaging and characterization of buried objects by radar is quite typical problem on inverse scattering. Last one decade, studies on landmine detection have been quite, and especially last few years this kinds of research gathered interest in Japan. Sato et al. [2004a], have developed an array GPR system for landmine detection, and array signal processing techniques to reduce strong clutter due to inhomogeneous soil and rough ground surface have been discussed [Sato et al. 2003c]. At the same time, Savelyev et al. [2004] showed deconvolution and feature extraction algorithms by UWB GPR for landmine detection. Feng, et al., [2004] applied pre-stack migration to SAR-GPR system for imaging of obliquely buried landmine. Fang, et al. [2002a], simulated GPR profiles for mine-like targets buried in rough ground surface and showed clutter removal by similarity measurement methods. Also, Fang et al. [2003] showed GPR detection of landmine by wavelet transform.

GPR for landmine detection requires very wide frequency operation to achieve very high resolution. This technology has many similarities to UWB for communication. Fang, et al. [2002b] showed optimization technique of Vivaldi antenna for demining by GPR, and Sato, et al. [2003d], developed antenna and a stepped-frequency GPR system, and Kobayashi, et al. [2004], showed a GPR system for landmine detection using an array antenna.

Detection and identification from radar signal is important in landmine detection. Nishimoto et al. have developed high range-resolution radar signatures using a hidden Markov Model [Nishimoto 2003, 2004a-c]. Another approach for identification of buried targets were reported by Hara [2004], and Hirose et al. [Hirose et al.204, 2003 a,b]using Complex-valued self-organizing map dealing with multi-frequency interferometeric data.

Radar Sensing and related techniques can be applied in various aspects of security of a society. Radar imaging is a promising candidate for the environment measurement of rescue robots. However, it requires long calculation time to obtain the shape of targets close to antennas by using conventional algorithms, which cannot be applied to real-time applications. Sakamaoto[2004b] found a reversible transform between the received signals and the target shapes under a certain condition, which enables us to estimate target shapes quickly and accurately. Then Sakamoto[2004d] expanded the fast 2-D imaging algorithm SEABED [2004b] in order to estimate 3-D target shapes. They showed that the proposed algorithm can obtain 3-D image in a short time. It is indispensable to utilize the phase of signals to obtain high-resolution image, especially for UWB pulse radars. However, the scattered signal is affected by a phase rotation effect which depends on the shape of target. Sakamoto[2004e] proposed a phase compensation method by using the characteristic of received signals. This method enables us to obtain an accurate image regardless the target shape.

(M. Sato)

 

B3. Computational Techniques

The Computational Techniques is an important topic area today: Although the number of references cited here is relatively small, we cannot forget that the great part of research works mentioned in other topic areas are supported by recent improvements in numerical computation.  Here, the recent progress in the area is summarized with a reference to several important papers published during the last three years.  

 

3.1 Finite-Difference and Finite-Element Methods

Uno et al. [2002] solved the problem of radiation from a dipole antenna placed near a human head phantom using the finite-difference time-domain (FD-TD) method combined with a surface-impedance boundary condition.  Arima and Uno [2002] and Arima et al. [2002] introduced quasi-static approximation in the FD-TD scheme for a linear and a patch antenna to improve the accuracy of solutions.  Arima et al. [2003] and Pongpaibool et al. [2003] employed the same method in calculating the input impedance of a bent antenna and in solving the problem of radiation from a short dipole antenna.  Uno [2003] published a review paper on antenna design using the FD-TD method.  Kida et al. [2004] proposed an FD-TD scheme to analyze the problem of an obliquely fed planer antenna. 

Mochizuki et al. [2002] examined the proper size of a human head phantom for the standard measurement of SAR based on FD-TD simulation.  Mochizuki et al. [2004] proposed a hybrid formulation combining the method of moments and the FD-TD for solving Bio-EMC problems.

Yokota and Sugio [2002a, 2002b] applied a multigrid method in the investigation of lightwave propagation in a 2-D optical waveguide. 

Kuroda and Kawano [2002] and Kawano et al. [2003] applied the FD-TD method to the problem of a moving or rotating body.  Kawano et al. [2003], Kawano et al. [2004] and Kuroda et al. [2004], employing a body-fitted grid generation technique, solved the problems of MEMS-based variable devices. 

 

3.2 Integral Equation Methods

Nakashima et al. [2003] and Nakashima and Tateiba [2003a] applied Greengard-Rokhlinfs fast multipole algorithm in solving the problems of diffraction by many cylinders made of dielectric and perfect conductor.  Nakashima and Tateiba [2003b] employed the algorithm to analyze the problem of conducting sphere and examined the computational complexity.  They used the algorithm for numerical computation of scattering from randomly distributed circular cylinders [Nakashima and Tateiba 2003c].  The same authors proposed an improved Greengard-Rokhlin fast multipole algorithm to reduce computational complexity [Nakashima and Tateiba 2004].

Yokota [2004a, 2004b] combined a multigrid method with the method of moments in analyzing the scattering of a Gaussian beam by a nonlinear and an inhomogeneous dielectric cylinder.

 

3.3 Modal Expansion Methods

Zinenko et al. [2002] combining the modal expansion and a semi-inversion technique, analyzed the diffraction by an impedance strip grating. 

Okuno et al. [2002], in solving the problem of diffraction by a deep relief grating, employed a combination of up- and down-going plane waves to extend the range of application of the modal expansion approach.  Matsuda et al. [2002] and Okuno et al. [2004] applied Yasuurafs modal expansion method to investigate plasmon resonance absorption. 

 

3.4 Miscellanea

Matsuoka et al. [2003] proposed a dedicated computer to obtain high performance computation in simulation of microwave devices.  The computer copes with finite-difference time-domain (FD-TD) and finite integration technique (FIT) schemes and achieves terra-flops performance. 

(Y. Okuno)

 

B4. High Frequency Technique

The approximation principle of Physical Optics (PO) has been reviewed in view of diffraction theory[Ando, 2003]. Two key error factors are identified for PO, that is, errors in edge diffraction coefficients and fictitious penetrating rays. Improved methods named PO-AF and PTD-AF are proposed as the methods which suppress the fictitious penetrating rays from PO and PTD respectively. In deep shadow regions of the reflector antennas, PO-AF and PTD-AF approach to PO-EEC and UTD respectively, while the smooth connection is assured. The effectiveness is numerically demonstrated for two dimensional scatterers. Novel interpretation of PO is discussed and two mechanisms are identified as the error factors, that is, (1) errors in diffraction coefficients and (2) fictitious penetrating rays [Shijo and Ando, 2003a]. Based upon these observations, new methods named PO-AF and PTD-AF are proposed which eliminate the fictitious penetrating rays from PO and PTD, respectively. PO and Aperture Field Integration Method (AFIM) are merged with the help of special elementary diffraction coefficients. These can uniformly cover whole the angular region and only the error factor (2) is removed in PO-AF while both of (1) and (2) are removed in PTD-AF [Shijo and Ando, 2003b]. The theoretical backgrounds of PO currents are discussed in terms of field equivalence theorem and visualization of EM waves. Then new methods are proposed and their validity is numerically confirmed for 2-D scattering problems of a strip, a corner reflector and circular arc reflectors.

The visualization of the scattering and diffraction phenomena by PO has been studied to provide the intuitive understanding of local property of HF diffraction as well as the relations between PO and the ray techniques such as GTD, UTD etc. [Shijo et al., 2004a], [Shijo et al., 2004b]. PO visualization demonstrates (i) local property of the high frequency scattering, (ii) defects associated with ray techniques, (iii) PO error factor, fictitious penetrating rays disturbing the geometrical shadow behind the opaque scatterer. They have been scarcely recognized if not for visualization, though they disturb the geometrical shadow behind the opaque scatterer and can be the leading error factors of PO in shadow regions. Finally, visualization is extended to slot antennas with finite ground planes by hybrid use of modified edge representation (MER) to assess the significance of edge diffraction. The surface to line integral reduction of PO currents by using Modified Edge Representation (MER) was empirically proposed for the observer without the Stationary Phase Point (SPP) on the scatterer and was later on reinforced mathematically. It was shown also that the observer with SPP inside the scatterer surface, the MER line integration around the SPP gave GO terms. These results have been unified to conclude that MER line integration along the periphery and inner SPP extracts the diffraction and GO components of PO surface integrals, respectively, irrespective of the observer position [Ando and Rodrigues, 2004].

The local corrections to PO have been considered that the currents only at the critical regions are derived by MoM after defining PO currents in other regions. Since the unknown currents are assigned not the entire but only the critical regions, computational load is not increasing so fast with the frequencyDThe scattering from 2D corner reflector has been analyzed by this method. It is found that the perturbation to PO is larger at the center corner and the MoM region should be wider there than in the edge [Goto et al., 2004]. Also a general purpose program for calculating the edge diffraction from a finite ground plane by MER has been developed [Kosugi et al., 2004]. The calculated values for the slot arrays are compared to measurements and the improved agreements are confirmed.

A spatio-temporal channel characterization of a suburban non line-of-sight microcellular environment, in which azimuth-delay profiles obtained by the experiment are compared with ray-tracing simulation, has been reported in [Takada et al., 2002]. The results are statistically treated step by step to extract model parameters in order to characterize the spatio-temporal channel. The experimental results are used to improve the accuracy of the simulation process. A very good agreement between the simulation and the experiment has been obtained, with the exception of the exponential decay of the delay profile. The results can be directly used to implement the stochastic spatio-temporal channel model, based on the deterministic ray-tracing simulations.

Simulation techniques for the estimation of non specular wave propagation characteristics on the building surface have been developed in [Budiarto et al., 2004a] and [Budiarto et al., 2004b]. Physical Optics (PO) approximation is performed to approximate equivalent currents and the total fields on the integration surface. Model of the rectangular microstrip array antenna was scanned spatially to detect multipath wave scattering. Superresolution method was also applied as an approach to handle the signal parameters (DOA, TOA) of the individual incoming waves scattered from building surface roughness. The experimental and simulation results of signal parameter of arrival waves are compared in order to investigate accuracy of the prediction model. Also, the Method Of Moments (MOM) analysis of the electromagnetic wave scattering from the 2D rough surface model of the building is presented in the mobile communication area [Budiarto and Takada, 2001]. The fluctuation of the field strength due to the change of the specular reflection point on the surface has been evaluated by the Nakagami-Rice distribution and the autocorrelation function.The effects of incident angle and frequency are also clarified.

Novel high-frequency uniform asymptotic solution (extended UTD) for the scattered field by a conducting circular cylinder has been derived in [Ida and Ishihara, 2004a]. The modified UTD has also been derived from the new extended Pekeris caret function by applying the residue theorem. The extended UTD and the modified UTD can be applied in the wide area extending from the transition region near the shadow boundary to the deep shadow region where the current UTD becomes increasingly inaccurate. The studies on the scattering by the conducting cylinder have been extended to the scattering problem by an impedance circular cylinder [Ida and Ishihara, 200b]. The novel extended UTD and the modified UTD derived by applying the higher-order asymptotic formulas for the cylindrical functions, can be applied even in the region where the current UTD becomes increasingly inaccurate. The extended UTD and the modified UTD derived above have also been extended to the scattering problem by a dielectric cylinder [Ida and Ishihara, 2004c]. Comparisons with the exact solution calculated from the eigenfunction expansion confirm the validity of the extended UTD and the modified UTD solutions for the dielectric cylinder.

The new modified UTD for the scattered fields by a dielectric circular cylinder has been derived which is applicable in the transition regions near the geometrical boundaries produced by the incident ray on the dielectric cylinder from the tangential direction [Ida and Ishihara, 2004d], [Ida and Ishihara, 2004e]. Also derived are the uniform geometrical ray solutions applicable near the geometrical boundaries and near the caustics produced by the ray family reflected on the internal concave boundary of the dielectric cylinder. A time-domain asymptotic analysis has been discussed for the scattered electromagnetic fields when the cylindrical wave is incident on a dielectric cylinder [Ida and Ishihara, 2003]. The Gaussian-type modulated pulse source has been applied. The time-domain scattered field solutions are applicable in the transition regions near the geometrical boundaries, and near the caustics. Comparisons of the time-domain asymptotic solution with the reference solution confirm the validity of the proposed asymptotic solution.

Diffraction of electromagnetic waves by an aperture in a thin conducting screen has been treated by the aperture field methods (AFM) [Kawano and Ishihara, 2003]. The new extended Fraunhofer solution applicable in the Fresnel region and the uniform AFM solution applicable in the transition regions near the geometrical boundaries have been derived. Also derived are the new criteria for applying the Fraunhofer solution and the non-uniform asymptotic AFM solution. Comparisons with the reference solutions obtained form the numerical integration and from the method of moments reveal the applicable ranges of the various solutions for the diffracted field. Also, the high-frequency scattered field by the conducting strip has been obtained by applying the UTD [Kawano and Ishihara, 2004]. From the UTD, the two versions of the Kellerfs GTD have been derived without applying the gtrickh introduced in the paper by Keller. The first version (the second version) is applicable in the region close to (far away from) the conducting strip. Also derived is the novel criterion for applying the GTD. It is shown that, as the observation point moves far away from the strip in the illuminated region, the geometrical ray appeared in the UTD is cancelled by the portions of the edge diffracted rays, thereby validating the second version of Kellerfs GTD, which does not include the geometrical ray term. The validity and applicable range of the GTD and the UTD are confirmed by comparing with the reference solution calculated from the method of moments.

(T. Ishihara)

 

B5. Transient Fields

The analysis of transient scattering has been of great interest in conjunction with ultra-wideband and ultra-short pulse technologies and their applications. The research has progressed in fundamental theory of transient phenomena, analytical and numerical techniques for transient analysis, and joint time-frequency analysis of scattering data. It is noted that this summary is based on the papers submitted to the topic area "Transient Fields" from researchers. There are many other papers that are closely related to this area and they can easily be found in summaries of other topic areas.

 

5.1 General Theory

Yoshida [2003, 2004] simulated rotational and divergent components of near fields around changing charges using the condensed node Spatial Network Method (SNM) for vector and scalar potential fields, and investigated the fundamental properties of the near fields around changing charges.

 

5.2 Scattering and Diffraction

Nishimoto et al. [2001] analyzed scattering responses from a dielectric sphere in the time-frequency domain by using two types of wavelet transform in order to reveal the scattering mechanism. In the resulting time-frequency display, various scattering processes including reflection, refraction, and diffraction were clearly resolved and identified. Nishimoto et al. [2004] also analyzed electromagnetic pulse responses from multi-layered plasma media in time-frequency domain by using the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) and investigated the scattering mechanism of electromagnetic waves in plasma media.

 

5.3 Guided Waves and Propagation

Shimoda et al. [2002, 2003] analyzed transient phenomena of electromagnetic waves caused by a time dependent resistive screen in a waveguide. In this work, the Wiener-Hopf technique was employed in the formulation of the problem and closed form expressions of transient fields were obtained. Numerical results were given for some typical cases and propagation characteristics of the transient waves for sudden and gradual change of the resistivity of the screen were investigated.

 

5.4 Numerical Techniques

Kawaguchi [2003] presented a formulation of time domain boundary element method (TDBEM) for high frequency electromagnetic fields and applied it to some practical problems. The formulation is suitable for solving time-domain boundary integral equations and can give stable numerical solutions. As numerical examples, simulation results of wake fields in high-energy particle accelerator were shown.

 (M. Nishimoto)

 

B6. Wave in random, inhomogeneous, nonlinear and complex media

 

6.1 Wave propagation and scattering in random media

By use of a dense medium radiative transfer equation (DMRT),@Tateiba and Matsuoka [2002] deal with the scattering from a layer, in which spherical lossy particles are randomly distributed.@By four different multiple scattering theories, they estimated the parameters of DMRT, which largely affect the scattering cross section. Next, the backscattering from moisture soil is studied for detecting water content of soil. Regarding moisture soil as a dense random medium, Matsuoka and Tateiba [2002] calculated the backscattering cross section for both vertical and horizontal polarizations of incidence by DMRT, where the effective dielectric constant is obtained from a multiple scattering theory proposed previously by Tateiba. Two and three layer random media are introduced for modeling the inhomogeneous water distribution@in soil in the depth direction [Matsuoka and Tateiba, 2003a; 2003b]. Then, the backscattering cross section is calculated against the fractional volume of water and against frequency [Matsuoka and Tateiba, 2004],

On the other hand, Tamura and Nakayama [2004] deal with the two-dimensional problem of scattering from a thin random film with one-dimensional disorder, which is anisotropic in statistical sense. Statistical properties of the scattering are calculated by use of the multiple renormalized mass operator.

 

6.2 Environmental propagation

Wave scattering from a conducting body surrounded by continuous random media is studied by use of a current generator and an approximate solution for the fourth moment of Green's function in random media.  For both E-wave and H-wave incidence, the backscattering cross sections of a conducting circular cylinder and concave-convex cylinder with a concavity index is calculated as a function of target size, concavity index, and the spatial coherence length of incident wave [Ocla and Tateiba, 2002; 2003a;2003b;2004a;2004b]. From various numerical results, it was concluded that the enhancement of radar cross section becomes two when the target size is much smaller or larger than the spatial coherence length of incident wave. However, the enhancement of radar cross section oscillates irregularly close to two when the target size is comparable with the spatial coherence length of incident wave.

However, discussions were extended from the mono-static radar cross section to the bi-static cross section by use of the same method [Tateiba and Meng, 2001; Meng and Tateiba, 2004a]. From numerical calculations for a conductive cylinder target, the backscattering enhancement is shown to become weak and to disappear when the intensity of fluctuation of random media increases. They also analyzed the effect of scale size of the random media. It is then reported that a twin depression appears at the both side of the backscattering enhancement peak in the angular distribution and the scattering enhancement may occur not only in the backward direction but also in other directions [Meng and Tateiba, 2004b]. The bi-static cross section is also calculated for a convex-concave target in random media [Tateiba et al., 2002a; 2002b; 2004]. At a specific configuration of the target, a large enhancement is reported in H-wave case [Tateiba, 2004].

On the other hand, Ocla and Tateiba [2003c] propose an indirect method estimating the radar-cross section of a conductive target in random media, where the random wave incident on a conductive target is replaced with a Gaussian beam with a beam width equal to the spatial coherent length of the random incident wave.

 

6.3 Rough surface scattering

By use of FVTD method and the Pierson-Moskowitz spectral model, Yoon et al. [2002] analyzed numerically the electromagnetic wave scattering from ocean-like lossy dielectric rough surface, where the scattering cross section for a low grazing angle of incidence is obtained successfully. On the other hand, Tamura and Nakayama [2003] studied a plane wave reflection from a flat surface, of which position is randomly distributed in the normal direction. A new mathematical formula expanding the reflection coefficient into Hermite polynomials is presented. The wave scattering from a finite periodic surface was studied on the basis of the periodic Fourier transform, where the scattered wave with a continuous spectrum is regarded as a sum of diffraction beams with discrete index of diffraction order [Nakayama and Tsuji, 2002]. Numerical examples of diffraction beam power are obtained against the angle of incidence for a sinusoidal rough surface [Nakayama and Kitada, 2003].

From optical speckle patterns observed for several disorder materials such as paper and ceramic surface, the probability distribution of scattering intensities was found to be a Laplace distribution even in the backscattering direction [Murakami and Nakayama, 2003],

 

6.4 Chiral media

Asai et al. [2004] give a review on natural and artificial chiral media, where electromagnetic wave propagation and several engineering applications are discussed.

However, wave propagation in a discrete random media containing randomly distributed chiral spheres is analyzed.  Assuming a randomly deformed periodic array of chiral spheres and using the multiple scattering theory, Nanbu et al. [2002a] obtain the effective constitutive parameters, which are compared with those from the Maxwell-Garnett method. For several combined values of dielectric constants and chirality of spheres, the effective dielectric constant and the effective chirality are calculated against the volume fraction of spheres [Nanbu et al., 2002b; 2002c; 2004a; 2004b]. It is then found that the imaginary parts of effective dielectric constant and effective chirality become maximal when the volume fraction is about 0.1 or 0.2.

On the other hand, Ochi et al. [2004] deal with the wave propagation in composite random media, which consist of randomly and sparsely distributed sets of identical aggregate spheres. Each set of aggregate spheres is made up of two kind of spherical particles, dielectric or chiral particle. By use of T-matrix of a sphere, the effective propagation constants are estimated for left- and right-handed polarizations.

(J. Nakayama)

 

B7. Guided Waves

 

7.1 Guided Wave Theory

A high permittivity LSE-NRD guide has been proposed for a new type of millimeter-wave antenna application [Kuroki, F. et al., 2003a], and various types of comb lines have been employed for filter applications: a dual-plane comb line [Kitamura, K. et al., 2002, and Suizu, S. et al., 2003], a folded comb line [Yoshisha, K. et al., 2003a, Kitamura, T. et al., 2003, and Ochiai, N. et al., 2004], and a comb line with coupling windows or composite resonators[Kikuchi, K. et al., 2003 and Yoshida, K. et al., 2003b].   The dispersion behavior on modified microstrip lines has been also investigated [Murata, M., et al., 2003, and Tsuji, M. and H. Shigesawa, 2004].   Furthermore, a quasi-leaky mode has been discovered on slot line and conductor-backed coplanar strips [Tsuji, M. et al., 2002a].   

 

7.2 Non Planar Waveguides

Reflector grating in a metallic rectangular waveguide has been investigated from points of metal loss and compactness [Kondoh, S. et. al., 2003, and 2004].   An efficient analysis of lossy discontinuities in waveguide has been proposed by Shiraishi, T. et al. [2002, 2003a, and 2003b], and an rigorous analysis using Fourier transform technique has been applied to a rectangular waveguide coupler [Jia, H., et al., 2004a] and rectangular groove waveguides [Jia, H,. et al., 2004b].   Stub-loaded ridge waveguide of single-mode operation has been also investigated for leaky-wave antenna application [M. Tsuji, et al., 2004].   Furthermore nonlinear propagation characteristics have been analyzed for various waves interacting with electron beam [Hirata, A. et al., 2002a and 2002b, Shiozawa, T., et al., 2002], and hollow ferrite waveguides have been investigated by Tsutsumi M. and K. Okubo[2002, 2003].

 

7.3 Planar and Quasi-Planar Waveguides

Various types of left-handed transmission lines have been proposed and its applications have been investigated [Caloz, C. et al., 2003a, 2003b, and 2004, and Sanada, A., et al., 2004a, 2004b, and 2004c].   Cylindrical coplanar waveguides with finite metallization thickness have been analyzed by extended spectral domain approach [Yamamoto, H. et al., 2004], and a YIG film microstrip line in a nonuniform bias magnetic field has been done by the FDTD method [Okubo, K. et al., 2001].  Tapered microstrip lines [Tsuji, M. et al., 2002b] and a CPW with a patch of conductor [Watanabe, S., et al., 2003] have been employed for filter applications.   Furthermore, leaky-wave properties of planar-circuit transmission lines have been deeply investigated in the millimeter-wave region [Shigesawa, H. and M. Tsuji, 2001 and 2002] and existence of quasi leaky modes has been verified experimentally [Tsuji, M. and H. Shigesawa, 2003].

 

7.4 Dielectric and Optical Waveguides

Nonlinear optical waveguides or fibers have been analyzed by various methods: full-vector finite-element beam propagation method [Fujisawa, T. and M. Koshiba, 2002], full-vector finite element method [Fujisawa, T. and M. Koshiba, 2003], frequency-domain finite element method [Fujisawa, T. and M. Koshiba, 2004a], and time-domain beam propagation method [Fujisawa, T. and M. Koshiba, 2004b].  Koshiba M. et al., have deeply investigated characteristics of several types of fibers: photonic crystal fibers [Koshiba, M. and K. Saitoh, 2001, Saitoh, K. and M. Koshiba, 2002, and Saitoh, K. et al., 2003 and 2004b], holey fibers [Koshiba, M. and K. Saitoh, 2003a, 2003b, 2003c, and 2004], air-core photonic bandgap fibers [Saitoh, K. and M. Koshiba, 2003, and Saitoh, K. et al., 2004a], and hollow Bragg fibers [Skorobogatiy, M. et al., 2004a and 2004b]. 

Perfectly matched layers used in finite element methods have been developed for analyzing optical-waveguide discontinuities [Saitoh, K. and M. Koshiba, 2001, Tsuji, Y. and M. Koshiba, 2003, and Kono, N. et al., 2004a].   Finite element methods have been applied to extraction of coupling coefficients in natural, single-phase, unidirectional SAW transducers [Hasegawa, K. et al., 2001] and to nonreciprocal magnet-photonic crystal waveguides [Kono, N. and Y. Tsuji, 2004b], and also the beam propagation methods have been used for analyzing second harmonic generation [Tsuji, Y. and M. Koshiba, 2001] and photonic crystal waveguide couplers [Koshiba, M. 2001].   Various photonic crystal waveguides have been investigated by Iida, Y., et al. [Iida, Y. et al., 2003a, Kinoshita, T., et al., 2003, and Ogawa, Y. et al., 2004], and Yasumoto, K. et al. [Yasumoto, K. and H. Jia, 2003 and 2004, Yasumoto, K. et al., 2004].

Kuroki, F. et al. have developed various millimeter-wave devices based on NRD guide [2003b, 2004b, and 2004c] and also coupled-HNRD-guide directional couplers with flat coupling have been proposed [Kishihara, M. et al., 2003].  Nanometric optical circuits based on surface plasmon polariton gap-waveguides have been investigated by Tanaka, K. and M. Tanaka [2003a and 2003b] and 2D photonic crystal waveguide with uni-axial anisotropy or chiral medium have been analyzed by Satoh. H. et al. [2003 and 2004].

Branch circuits and all-optical logic gates using optical nonlinear waveguide have been investigated by Yabu, T. et al. [2002a, 2002b, 2002c, and 2004].   Furthermore, Fourier series expansion methods have been developed for analyzing inset dielectric guides [Jia, H. et al., 2001], and optical waveguides with periodical structure [Miyamoto, T. et al., 2003, and Momoda, M., et al., 2004b].

 

7.5 Resonant Modes

Zeroth-order resonance in transmission line resonators with left-handed media have been investigated by Sanada, A. et al [2003a and 2004b] and also dielectric resonators based on artificial dielectrics have been applied to bandpass filter [Awai, I. et al., 2002 and 2003b, Kubo, H. et al., 2004, and Munir, A. et al., 2004].   Resonant characteristics have been investigated for high-temperature superconducting coplanar waveuigde stepped-impedance resonators [Sanada, A. et al., 2003b] and unloaded Q in image resonator has been improved due to shift of electromagnetic field distribution [Kubo. H. et al., 2003].

NRD ring resonators have been applied to channel dropping filters and duplexers at 60 GHz [Kuroki, F. et al., 2003c and 2004a].   Whispering-gallery modes of a dielectric disk in the millimeter-wave region have been used for complex permittivity measurement [Tamura, H. et al., 2003a and 2003b] and bandpass filter [Sato, Y., et al., 2003 and 2004], and resonance characteristics of such modes on an elliptical disk have been also analyzed [Matsubara, M., 2004].  Furthermore leaky wave in a dielectric ring resonator has been analyzed by the finite element method [Hirayama, K. et al., 2002].

In optical region, 2-D photonic crystal resonant cavities has been analyzed by a finite-element time-domain method [Rodriguez-Esquerre, V. F. et al., 2004] and a ring resonator with sharp U-turns using an SOI-based photonic crystal waveguide has been investigated [Iida, Y., et al., 2003b].

 

7.6 Miscellaneous

Broadband lossy conductor wall processing has been introduced for calculation of transmission characteristics [Tanaka, M. et al., 2003a and 2003b] and novel measurement method for dielectric properties of high permittivity materials has been developed in microwave region [Wakino, K. et al., 2004, and Kumagai, S. et al., 2004].  

(M. Tsuji)

 

B8. Antennas

 

8.1 Antenna Theory

Hirokawa [2003b] proposed full double-layer configuration using rectangular waveguides of Butler matrix, where the hybrids are used with broad-wall slot coupling and the layers are changed only at places for the phase shifters. Hirano [2003a] designed an 8-element array of a waveguide crossed-slot with matching slots based upon the MoM with numerical eigenmode basis functions. Sudo [2004b] has been analyzed a full model structure of CA-RLSA with feeder by MoM. And, Inoue [2003c] investigated a design method of CP-DRA (Circularly Polarized Dielectric Resonator Antenna) made of a cuboidal dielectric and a single feeding probe located outside.

 

8.2 Antenna Elements

Various types of elements were developed, studied and designed in order to achieve the demands for the practical systems or to improve the antenna characteristics.

Kawai, H. and Ito, K. [2004b] proposed the simple evaluation method of estimating local average specific absorption rate (SAR) for the some wire antennas near phantom, such as a half-wave dipole antenna, monopole antenna mounted on a metal box, and so on. As for the thin microwave antenna, Saito, K. et al. [2004g] confirmed the heating characteristics of the coaxial-slot antenna with two slots from a viewpoint of clinical use, and introduced the results of two clinical trials.

Two-arm spiral antennas which printed on a finite-size dielectric substrate was analyzed numerically by Nakano, H. et al. [2002a]. Since, in reality, the size of the dielectric substrate is finite, it is important scheme that one can obtain the effects of the finite size on the radiation characteristics.

A novel design method was proposed to attain low cross-polarization in dual-polarized patch antennas by Takahashi, T. et al. [2003]. The proposed one is to perturb the feed points to the certain directions, which is very simple and requires no special feeding networks.

Taguchi, M. et al. [2004b] analyzed the resistance-loaded planar monopole antenna located within a rectangular parallelepiped cavity for impulse radar. This antenna is capable to operate over broadband.

Takano, T. and Thumvichit, A. [2004] proposed a dipole antenna in the proximity of PEC plate with high gain and being matched by the offset feeding.

 

8.3 Arrays and Phased Arrays

In addition to traditional type of arrays, modern arrays such as active antenna arrays, switching arrays and adaptive arrays have been presented and discussed. And, some DOA estimation algorithms are proposed.

Since phased array antenna needs many phase shifters, high cost is significant problem. Then, Sakakibara, K. [2003a] propose feeding circuit of wave guide antenna to produce beam scanning function by using only one phase shifter with four slotted waveguide linear array antennas. High efficiency and low cost planar waveguide arrays have been proposed and developed by using four kinds of single-layer waveguides by Ando, M. [2004]. Among the four, alternating phase fed arrays are recently applied for commercial fixed wireless access(FWA), where the cost and the size of the wireless terminals are drastically reduced to 1/10 and 1/5. Takemura, N. et al.[2002] propose an improved Rotating-element Electric-field Vector (REV) method taking into account amplitude and phase error of phase shifters, in order to achieve more precise calibration for phased array antennas. A gigantic antenna aboard a Space Solar Power System (SSPS) satellite, or a space-tenna is one of the most challenging devices to build. Takano, T. et al. [2004e] describe the requirements for a space-tenna from a SSPS, and system considerations for the configuration of space-tennas.

In the OFDM systems, Hori, S. et al. [2002] propose the MMSE adaptive array utilizing GI (Guard Interval). The blind adaptive arrays can allow signal extraction to be performed in many applications where it is impractical or impossible to provide knowledge on the desired signal. Kikuma, N. et al. [2003b] improve the Cross-SCORE (Spectral Self-Coherence Restoral) algorithm, which is one of the blind adaptive algorithms, by using multiple cyclostationaly properties of the desired signal. Ichikawa, Y. [2002a] propose the ST-SPE (Space-temporal Simultaneous Processing Equalizer) that can reduce the computational complexity. Suksmono et al. [2004] propose a complex-valued multilayer perceptron (CVMLP) neural network for adaptive beam forming. He demonstrates that the beamforming by using CVMLP outperform beamforming using complex-valued least mean square (CLMS) algorithm in terms of faster learning and better interference suppressions. An adaptive array antenna for the suppression of high-power interference in direct-sequence code-division multiple access (DS-CDMA) systems is presented by Kihira et al.[2003a] . In an SLC (Sidelobe Canceller) for radar system, Hirata, K. et al. [2004] show that the SLC with large interval of auxiliary antennas needs two more auxiliary antennas than the number of interference waves. And, the arrangement method of auxiliary antennas is also presented by them.

About the DOA estimation algorithm, Zainun et al. [2004] propose the recusive unitary MUSIC to improve the computation efficiency toward real-time DOA estimation. Hirata, A. et al. [2003] propose the DOA estimation algorithm of ultra-wideband EM waves with MUSIC and interferometry. ESPRIT that is well know as the DOA estimation algorithm is also studied by Inagaki, Y. et al.[2004]. They improve the cyclic ESPLIT by using the noise subspace.

 

8.4 Reflector and Lens Antennas

A large deployable antenna, which is formed in the tensioned truss concept, with 10 m maximum diameter was developed, and successfully launched and deployed in space in 1997 to be used for space VLBI mission. Electrical design of it and the verification method of electrical characteristics were described by Takano, T. et al. [2004].

 

8.5 Radomes, Periodic Structures and Gratings

Kuroda, S. et al.[2004a] propose the simple and efficient analysis method based on the shooting and bouncing rays (SBR) method in order to evaluate effects of multi-reflection inside a radome. By comparing with the experimental results, they verify the proposed analysis method. Inasawa, Y. et al.[2004] propose a novel method to reduce undesired scattered waves and higher order sidelobes from the connection parts of the large sandwich radomes. The scattering characteristics of the radome seams are simplified by using physical optics technique with some corrections. This method achieves the fast computation that is appropriate for iterative optimization.

Sorwar Hossain, M. G. et al.[2004b] propose a novel technique for grating lobe suppression in transverse slot array by making use of parasitic strip dipoles. This technique does not require a change in the interior design of the waveguide to suppress the grating lobes. Yamamoto, Y. et al.[2004] propose a narrow wall slotted waveguide array antenna using post in order to prevent gain reduction due to the grating lobes.

 

8.6 Antenna Measurement

Fukasawa, T. et al. [2003a] proposed an accurate measurement method for radiation and impedance characteristics of an antenna on a portable telephone. In order to remove the undesired influence of the coaxial cables, this measurement is characterized by using the fiber optics for feed instead of coaxial cables.

As for the large reflector antenna deployed in space, Takano, T. et al. [2001] was described the measurement methods of the large radio astronomy antenna on Halca satellite.

 

8.7 Horns and Feeds

It is worthy of note that novel components suitable for the application in millimeter-wave band have been reported. A planar feeding circuit exciting a rotating mode in a parallel-plate waveguide was proposed by Jin, R. et al. [2001]. Cost-effective 60GHz-band transmitter and receiver modules were presented by Nakano, H. et al. [2003a]. A thin and planar 70GHz-band waveguide circuit composed of a microstrip line to waveguide transition and a waveguide E-plane corner without matching elements was reported by Sakakibara, K. [2003b]. Moreover, a feeding structure through an aperture to a post-wall waveguide designed in V-band was proposed by Kai, T. et al. [2004].

 

8.8 Microstrip Elements and Arrays

A stacked square microstrip antenna with a shorting post was proposed as a car application for a road-vehicle communications system by Fujimoto, T. et al. [2004a]. Although its size is much smaller than that of the conventional rectangular microstrip antenna, effective results are obtained for the radiation performances.

Simple satellite-tracking stacked patch array antenna for mobile satellite communications has been presented by Delaune et al. [2004]. By using a simple left-handed circularly polarized four-element stacked patch array antenna, high gain at low elevation angle is capable. The characteristics of this antenna are confirmed by the two numerical methods (the method of moments and the finite element method) and by measurements.

Nishimoto, K. et al [2004a] presented the cross polarization characteristics in the tilted plane for dual-polarized patch antennas. The optimum substrate permittivity in order to achieve low cross-polarization was obtained analytically and validated by the FDTD simulations and the experiments.

(S. Makino)

 

 

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Tanaka K. and M. Tanaka ,[2003b] g Simulation of an aperture in the thick metallic screen that gives high

intensity and small spot size using surface plasmon polariton ,h

Journal of Microscopy, 210, Pt 3,June, pp.294-300.

 

Tanaka K. and M. Tanaka ,[2004a] g Analysis and numerical computation of diffraction of an optical field by a sub wavelength-size aperture in a thick metallic screen by use of a volume integral equation ,h Applied Optics, Vol.43,No.8/10,March, pp.1734-1746.

 

Tanaka K. and M. Tanaka ,[2004b] g Optimized computer-aided design of I-shaped subwavelength aperture for high intensity and small spot size ,h

Optics Communications 233,pp.231-244.

 

Tanaka K. and M. Tanaka ,[2004c] g Simulation of confined and enhanced optical near-fields for an I-shaped aperture in a pyramidal structure on a thick metallic screen ,h

Journal of Applied Physics, Vol.95, No.7,pp.3765-3771.

 

Tanaka K. and M. Tanaka ,[2004d] g Simulation of confined and enhanced optical near-fields for a long narrowaperture in a pyramidal structure on a thick metallic screen ,h

Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol.21, December, pp.2344-2352.

 

Tokumaru S. , [2002] g On Optical Ray Fields,h

Trans. IEICE, vol.J85-C, 3, pp. 134-140 (in Japanese).

 

Tokumaru S. , [2003a] g On Polarization of the Poynting Flux,h

Trans. IEICE, vol.J86-C, 1, pp. 32-41 (in Japanese).

 

Tokumaru S. , [2003b] g On E-Type/H-Type Guided Wave Fields,h

Trans. IEICE, vol.J86-C, 2, pp. 122-129 (in Japanese).

 

Toyama H. , T. Iwasaki, and K. Yasumoto ,[2003] g Electromagnetic scattering from a dielectric cylinder with multiple eccentric cylindrical inclusions,h

Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. PIER 40, pp. 113-129.

 

Wakabayashi.H., M. Komatsu , J. Yamakita, and M. Asai ,[2003] g Improved convergence in the analysis of thin metallic gratings with thickness profiles ,h

Radio Scienc, Vol.38,No.6,pp.8-1`10.

 

Wakabayashi H., J. Yamakita, M. Asai, and H. Inai , [2004] g Availability of Resistive Boundary Condition for Thin Metallic Gratings Placed in Conical Mounting ,h

IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.E87-C, 9, pp. 1560-1567.

 

Watanabe K. ,[2003] h Fast converging formulation of differential theory for nonsmooth gratings made of anisotropic

Materials, g Radio Scienc, Vol.38,No.2,pp.VIC 2-1`8.

 

Yamasaki T., T. Hinata, and T. Hosono ,[2002] g Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves by Columnar Dielectric Gratings with Elliptically Layered Media,h

IEEJ Trans. FM, Vol. 122, No. 1, pp.28-33.

 

Yamasaki T., T. Hinata and T. Hosono ,[2004] g Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves by Inhomogeneous Dielectric Gratings with Perfectly Conducting Strip,h

Proceeding of 2004 URSI International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory, Vol.2, pp.1005-1007, May.

 

Yasumoto K. and H. Jia ,[2003] g Electromagnetic scattering and absorption by periodic arrays of lossy circular cylinders

embedded in a dielectric slab,h

Proceedings of 2003 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, Vol.1, pp.237-240. Nov.

 

Yasumoto K. and H. Jia , [2004a] g Electromagnetic scattering from multilayered crossed-arrays of circular cylinders,h

Proceedings of SPIE – The International Society for Optical Engineering, v 5445, Microwave and Optical Technology

2003, pp 200-205.

 

Yasumoto K. ,[2004b] g Modeling of electromagnetic crystals by multilayered periodic arrays of circular cylinders,h

Proceeding of Asia-Pacific Radio Science Conference, pp.18-21, Aug.

 

Yasumoto K. , H. Toyama, and T. Kushta,[2004c] g Accurate analysis of two-dimensional electromagnetic scattering from multilayered periodic arrays of circular cylinders using lattice sums technique,h

IEEE transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 52, No.10, pp.2603-2611, Oct.

 

Yokota M. and M. Kai ,[2002a] g Scattered Near Field of a Hermite-Gaussian Beam Wave by a Chiral Cylinder ,h

IEEJ Trans. FM, Vol.122, No.12, pp.1025-1030 (in Japanese).

 

Yokota M. and M. Kinoshita ,[2002b] g Scattering of a Hermite-Gaussian Beam by two Chiral Cylinders ,h

The XXVII General Assembly of URSI 2002 , Maastricht, Netherlands, Bp,pp.13-16.

 

Akimoto, H., M. Takahashi, T. Uno, and T. Arai [2004], "Fundamental study for locating near-field electromagnetics emissional sources using the MUSIC algorithm and its application to PCB," Trans. IEICE, vol.J87-B, No.9, 1434-1441 (in Japanese)

 

Fang, G., and M. Sato [2002a], "Simulation of GPR Profiles for Mine-Like Targets Buried in Rough Ground Surface and Clutter Removal by Similarity Measurement Methods," Proceedings of 2002 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, 249-252

 

Fang, G., and M. Sato [2002b], "Optimization of Vivaldi antenna for demining by GPR," Proceedings of the 2002 Interim International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, 263-266

 

Fang, G., and M. Sato [2003], "GPR Detection of Landmine by Wavelet Transform," Proceedings of the 6th SEGJ International Symposium-Imaging Technology, 449-454

 

Feng, X., and M. Sato [2004], "The application of pre-stack migration to SAR-GPR system for imaging of obliquely buried landmine," Defense & Security Symposium, Orlando, USA

 

Hara, T., and A. Hirose [2004], "Plastic mine detecting radar system using complex-valued self-organizing map that deals with multiple-frequency interferometric images," Neural Networks, vol.17, 8-9, pp.1201-1210

 

Hayashi, K., T. Tanaka, T. Takenaka, and H. Zhou [2004], "Filtered forward-backward time-stepping method applied to borehole radar imaging," Proc. URSI Int. Symp. on Electromagnetic Theory, pp.804-806

 

Hirose, A., and M. Minami [2001], "Complex-valued region-based-coupling image clustering neural networks for interferometric radar image processing," IEICE Trans. Electronics, vol.E84-C, 12, pp.1932-1938

 

Hirose, A., and T. Hara [2003a], "Complex-valued self-organizing map: A framework of adaptive processing for multiple-frequency millimeter-wave interferometric imaging systems," (Invited) 2003 International Symposium on Systems & Human Science, pp.333-338

 

Hirose, A., and T. Hara [2003b], "Complex-valued self-organizing map dealing with multi-frequency interferometeric data for radar imaging systems," 2003 International Workshop on Self-Organizing Map, pp.255-260

 

Hirose, A. [2004], "The super brain electronics: applications to soft-processing radar systems," (Invited) 2004 International Conference on Fuzzy Systems & Innovational Computing, pp.213-218

 

Inaba, T., T. Hara, and A. Hirose [2004], "Wideband and compact microwave front-end circuit for adaptive plastic landmine imaging arrays," 2004 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, pp.517-520

 

Ishida, K., and M. Tateiba [2004a], "An approach to the inverse scattering problem using a series expansion of T-operator," Proc. 200.1 URSI International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory, pp. 912-914

 

Ishida, K., and M. Tateiba [2004b], "The inverse scattering based on the reconstruction of extended T-matrix elements unmeasured directly from scattered waves," Proc. 2004 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, pp. 603-596

 

Jia, H., T. Takenaka, and T. Tanaka [2002], "Time-domain inverse scattering method for cross-borehole radar imaging," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, vol.40, 7, pp.1640-1647

 

Kimura, K., Y. Yamaguchi, and H. Yamada [2003], "Pi-SAR image analysis using polarimetric scattering parameters and total power," Proc. of IEEE IGARSS 2003, CR-ROM, 21-25

 

Kimura, K., Y. Yamaguchi, and H. Yamada [2004a], "Unsupervised land classification using H//TP space applied to POLSAR image analysis," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E87-B, no.6, pp.1639-1647

 

Kimura, K., Y. Yamaguchi, and H. Yamada [2004b], "Circular polarization correlation coefficient for detection of non-natural targets aligned not parallel to SAR flight path in the X-band POLSAR image analysis," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E87-B, no.10, pp.3050-3056

 

Liu, S., and M. Sato [2002], "Electromagnetic Logging Technique Based on Borehole Radar," IEEE Trans. Geoscience & Remote Sensing, vol.40, no.9, 2083-2092

 

Minami, M., and A. Hirose [2003], "Phase singular points reduction by a layered complex-valued neural network in combination with constructive Fourier synthesis," Proc. 2003 International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks / International Conference on Neural Information Processing, pp.943-950

 

Miwa, T., and I. Arai [2004a], "Application of MUSIC algorithm to localization of cylindrical targets using cross borehole radar measurement," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E87-B, no.4, pp.975-983

 

Miwa, T., and I. Arai [2004b], "Super-resolution imaging for point reflectors near transmitting and receiving array," IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propagation, vol.52, no.1, pp.220-229

 

Moriyama, T., Y. Yamaguchi, S. Uratsuka, T. Umehara, H. Maeno, M. Satake, A. Nadai, and K. Nakamura [2004], "A study on polarimetric correlation coefficient for feature extraction of polarimetric SAR data," Proc. of ISAP2004, 4C3-2 on CD-ROM

 

Murase, M., Y. Yamaguchi, and H. Yamada [2001], "Polarimetric correlation coefficient applied to tree classification," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E84-B, no.12, pp.1835-1840

 

Nishimoto, M., and K. Shimo [2003], "Detection and Classification of Landmines Using GPR Signatures," Proceedings of the International Symposium on System & Human Science, pp.284-289

 

Nishimoto, M., X. Liao, and L. Carin [2004a], "Target Identification from Multi-Aspect High Range-Resolution Radar Signatures Using a Hidden Markov Model," IEICE Transactions on Electronics, Vol.E87-C, No.10, pp.1706-1714

 

Nishimoto, M., K. Shimo, and H. Ikuno [2004b], "Detection of Shallowly Buried Landmines form Ground Penetrating Radar Signals," Proceedings of the 2004 URSI Electromagnetic Theory Symposium, Vol.1, pp.212-214

 

Nishimoto, M., and K. Shimo [2004c], "A Method for Detecting Shallowly Buried Landmines Using GPR Signatures," Proceedings of the International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, 2D2-2

 

Sakamoto, T., and T. Sato [2003], "An estimation method of target location and scattered waveforms for UWB pulse radar systems," Proc. 2003 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp.4013-4015

 

Sakamoto, T., and T. Sato [2004a], ''An estimation algorithm of target location and scattered waveforms for UWB pulse radar systems,'' IEICE Trans. on Commun., Vol.E87-B, No.6, pp.1631-1638

 

Sakamoto, T., and T. Sato [2004b], ''A target shape estimation algorithm for pulse radar systems based on boundary scattering transform,'' IEICE Trans. on Commun., Vol.E87-B, No.5, pp.1357-1365

 

Sakamoto, T., and T. Sato [2004c], ''Fast imaging of a target in inhomogeneous media for pulse radar systems,''

Proc. 2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Vol.3, pp.2070-2073

 

Sakamoto, T., and T. Sato [2004d], ''A fast algorithm of 3-dimensional imaging for pulse radar systems,''

Proc. 2004 IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Vol.2, pp. 2099-2102

 

Sakamoto, T., and T. Sato [2004e], ''A phase compensation algorithm for high-resolution pulse radar systems,''

Proc. 2004 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, pp.585-588

 

Sato, K., H. Yamada, and Y. Yamaguchi [2003a], "Advantage of the ESPRIT method in Polarimetric Interferometry for Forest Analysis," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E86-B, no.5, pp.1666-1672

 

Sato, M. [2003b], "A new Bistatic GPR system using a passive optical sensor for landmine detection," Proc. of 2nd Int. WS on Advanced Ground Penetrating Radar, Delft, Netherlands, 164-167

 

Sato, M. [2003c], "Bistatic GPR System for Landmine Detection using Optical Electric Field, Proc. IEEE AP-S," Vol. II, Columbus, OH. USA, 207-210

 

Sato, M., G. Fang, and Z. Zeng [2003c], "Landmine detection by a broadband GPR system," Proc.IEEE Int. Symp Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IGARSS2003, Toulouse, France, CD-R

 

Sato, M., F. Kong, Z. Zeng, and G. Fang [2003d], "Antenna development and a Stepped-frequency GPR system for Landmine detection," Proc. of 2nd Int. WS on Advanced Ground Penetrating Radar, Delft, Netherlands, 168-171

 

Sato, M., T. Kobayashi, and X. Feng [2004a], "Imaging of buried Landmines by SAR-GPR," Proc. 2004 URSI EMTS, Pisa, Italy, 215-217

 

Sato, M., and R. Tanaka [2004b], "A GPR System using a Passive Optical Electric Field Sensor," Proc. GPR2004, Delft, Netherlands, 171-174

 

Savelyev, T., and M. Sato [2004], "Comparative analysis of UWB deconvolution and feature extraction algorithms for GPR landmine detection," Defense & Security Symposium, Orlando, USA

 

Singh, D., Y. Yamaguchi, H. Yamada, and K. P. Singh [2003], "Retrieval of wheat chlorophyll by an X-band scatterometer," International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.24, no.23, pp.4939-4951

 

Suksmono, A. B., and A. Hirose [2002a], "Adaptive noise reduction of InSAR image based on complex-valued MRF model and its application to phase unwrapping problem," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, vol.40, 3, pp.699-709

 

Suksmono, A. B., and A. Hirose [2002b], "InSAR image restoration by using stochastic complex-valued neural network," Proc. 2002 International Conference on Knowledge-based Engineering Systems, 643-647

 

Suksmono, A. B., and A. Hirose [2002c], "Interferometric SAR image restoration using Monte-Carlo Metropolis method," IEEE Trans. Signal Processing, vol.50, 2, pp.290-298

 

Suksmono, A. B., and A. Hirose [2003], "Recursive transform-based phase unwrapping," Proc. 2003 International Conference on Image Processing, pp.145-148

 

Takenaka, T., H. Jia, and T. Tanaka [2001], "Microwave imaging of an anisotropic cylindrical object by a forward-backward time-stepping method," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.E84-C, No.12

 

Takenaka, T., H. Zhou, and T. Tanaka [2002], "Three-dimensional profile inversion of penetrable objects from time-domain data," Proc. of the XXVIIth General Assembly of the Int. Union of Radio Sci.

 

Takenaka, T., H. Zhou, and T. Tanaka [2003], "Inverse scattering for a three-dimensional object in the time domain," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol.20, 10, pp.1867-1874

 

Tanaka, T., N. Kuroki, and T. Takenaka [2003], "Filtered forward-backward time-stepping method applied to reconstruction of dielectric cylinders," J. of Electromagn. Waves and Appl., vol.17, 2, pp.253-270

 

Yamada, H., K. Sato, Y. Yamaguchi, and W. -M. Boerner [2002], "Interferometric phase and coherence of forest estimated by ESPRIT-based polarimetric SAR interferometry," Proc. of IGRASS 2002

 

Yamada, H., Y. Yamaguchi, and W. -M. Boerner [2003], "Forest height feature extraction in polarimetric SAR interferometry by using rotational invariance property," Proc. of IEEE IGARSS 2003, CD-ROM

 

Yamaguchi, Y., K. Kimura, and H. Yamada [2002a], "ALOS-PALSAR image simulation in various polarization basis," Proc. of IGRASS 2002

 

Yamaguchi, Y., K. Kimura, H. Yamada, S. Uratsuka, and W. -M. Boerner [2002b], "L-band polarimetric AIR/PI-SAR images around Niigata city," Proc. of IGRASS 2002

 

Yamaguchi, Y., T. Moriyama, and H. Yamada [2002c], "Polarimetric detection of buried objects by FM-CW radar," (invited) SI-General Assembly, CD-ROM

 

Yamaguchi, Y., K. Kimura, T. Moriyama, and H. Yamada [2004], "Correlation coefficient in the circular polarization basis for detection of man-made targets in POLSAR image analysis," Proc. of ISAP2004, 4C3-4 on CD-ROM

 

Yang, J., Y. N. Peng, Y. Yamaguchi, H. Yamada, and W. -M. Boerner [2002a], "The periodicity of the scattering matrix and its application," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E85-B, no.2, pp.565-567

 

Yang, J., Y. Yamaguchi, H. Yamada, Z. H. Czyz, W. -M. Boerner, H. Mott, E. Luneburg, and Y. N. Peng [2002b], "The characteristic polarization states and the equi-power curves," IEEE Trans. Geoscience Remote Sensing, vol.40, no.2, pp.305-313

 

Yang, J., G. Dong, Y. Peng, Y. Yamaguchi, and H. Yamada [2004], "Generalized optimization of polarimetric contrast enhancement," IEEE Geoscience Remote Sensing Letters, vol.1, no.3, pp.171-174

 

Zhou, H., T. Takenaka, and T. Tanaka [2003a], "Three-dimensional reconstruction of shallowly buried mine using time-domain data," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol.39, 4, pp.276-280

 

Zhou, H., T. Takenaka, and T. Tanaka [2003b], "3-D reconstruction of a lossy object using time-domain data transmitted and received with dipole antennas," Proc. of the 2003 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society Int. Symp., 30.3

 

Zhou, H., and M. Sato [2004a], "Subsurface cavity imaging by crosshole borehole radar measurements," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, vol.42, 2, pp.335-341

 

Zhou, H., T. Takenaka, and T. Tanaka [2004b], "Reconstruction of 3-D objects buried under a rough surface using inverse scattering method," Proc. URSI Int. Symp. on Electromagnetic Theory, pp.102-104

 

Zhou, H., T. Takenaka, and T. Tanaka [2004c], "Reconstruction of 3-D buried objects form electromagnetic data received by inaccurately positioned receivers," Proc. of ISAPf04, pp.605-608

 

Zhou, H., T. Takenaka, and T. Tanaka [2004d], "Borehole radar processing by FBTS method," Proc. of the 7th SEGJ Int. Symp., pp.310-313

 

Ikeda and Fujino [2004] proposed a stabilized approximate inverse pre-conditioner employing double dropping procedure; the pre-conditioner is effective in the conjugate-gradient solution of a large-sized linear equation.

 

Shestopalov et al. [2003] investigated the oscillation in slot-coupled resonators using approximate semi-inversion.

 

Arima, T. and T. Uno [2002], gImprovement of FDTD calculation accuracy for analyzing linear antennas on dielectric substrate by using quasi-static approximation,h Trans. IEICE, vol. J85-B, 2, pp. 200-206 (in Japanese).

 

Arima, T., T. Uno, and M. Takahashi [2002], gImprovement of FDTD calculation accuracy for analyzing rectangular patch antenna by using quasi-static approximation,h Trans. IEICE, vol. J85-B, 6, pp. 1001-1004 (in Japanese).

 

Arima, T., T. Uno, and M. Takahashi, gHighly-accurate FDTD analysis of bend antennas on dielectric substrate,h Trans. IEICE, vol. J86-B, 2, pp. 298-301 (in Japanese).

 

Ikeda, Y. and S. Fujimoto [2004], gAn improvement of stabilized approximate INVerse preconditioner by double dropping, Information Processing Society Jpn. Trans. Computing System, vol. 45, SIG1 (ACS 4), pp. 10-17 (in Japanese).

 

Kawano, K., N. Miura, R. Takahashi, and M. Kuroda [2003], gAn application of the FD-TD method for the analysis of MEMS structures using body fitted grid generation method with moving boundaries,h IEEJ Trans. Fundamentals, vol. 123, 3, pp. 280-284.

 

Kawano, K., N. Miura, M. Kuroda, and M.M. Tentzeris [2004], gA novel numerical approach for the analysis of MEMS-based variable capacitors with moving metallic plates,h IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. J87-C, 1, pp.32-38 (in Japanese).

 

Kida, A., T. Uno, T. Arima, and M. Takahashi [2004], gFDTD analysis of obliquely fed planer antenna,h Trans. IEICE, vol. J87-B, 9, pp. 1524-1527 (in Japanese).

 

Kuroda, M. and K. Kawano [2002], gFD-TD method to solve the moving boundary problems—comparison between quasi-stationary cases and relativistic cases--,h Telecommunications and Radio Engineering, vol. 58, 1&2, pp. 187-193.

 

Kuroda, M., N. Miura, and M.M. Tentzeris [2004], gA novel numerical approach for the analysis of 2D MEMS-based variable capacitors including the effect of arbitrary motions,h ACES Journal, vol. 19, 1b, pp. 133-138.

 

Matsuda, T., D. Zhou, and Y. Okuno [2002], gNumerical analysis of plasmon-resonance absorption in bisinusoidal metal gratings,h J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 19, 4, 695-701.

 

Matsuoka, S., K. Ohmi, and H. Kawaguchi [2003], gStudy of a microwave simulation dedicated computer, FDTD/FIT data flow machine,h IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E86-C, 11, pp. 2199-2206.

 

Mochizuki, S., S. Watanabe, M. Taki, Y. Yamanaka, and H. Shirai [2002], gThe size of head phantoms for the standard measurement methods of SAR due to wireless communication devices,h IEICE Trans. Communicat., vol. J85-B, 5, pp. 640-648 (in Japanese).

 

Mochizuki, S., S. Watanabe, M. Taki, Y. Yamanaka, and H. Shirai [2004], gA new iterative MoM/FDTD formulation for simulating human exposure to electromagnetic waves,h IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E87-C, 9, pp. 1540-1547.

 

Nakashima, N., S. Fujino, and M. Tateiba [2003], gFast computation for electromagnetic wave scattering problem with many dielectric cylinder,h Information Processing Society Jpn. Trans. Computing System, vol. 44, SIG6 (ACS 1), pp. 18-26 (in Japanese).

 

Nakashima, N. and M. Tateiba [2003a], gGreengard-Rokhlinfs fast multipole algorithm for numerical calculation of scattering by N conducting circular cylinders,h IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E86-C, 11, pp. 2158-2166.

 

Nakashima, N. and M. Tateiba [2003b], gNumerical calculation of scattering from a conducting sphere by using Greengard-Pokhlinfs fast multipole algorithm,h Proc. 2003 IEEE AP-S.

 

Nakashima, N. and M. Tateiba [2003c], gNumerical calculation of scattering from randomly distributed dielectric circular cylinders by using Greengard-Rokhlinfs fast multipole algorithm, Proc. 2003 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference.

 

Nakashima, N. and M. Tateiba [2004], gAn improved Greengard-Rokhlinfs fast multipole algorithm for the computation of scattering from many conduction cylinders,h Proc. 2004 IEEE AP-S.

 

Okuno, Y., D. Zhou, K. Yoshimoto, A. Matsushima, and T. Matsuda [2002], gA combination of up- and down-going plane waves used to describe the field inside grooves of a deep grating,h Proc. MMET*02.

 

Okuno, Y., D. Zhou, A. Matsushima, and T. Matsuda [2004], gEnhancement of TM-TE mode conversion caused by excitation of surface plasmons in a metal grating placed in conical mounting,h Proc. OFSETf2003-2004.

 

Pongpaibool, P., T. Uno, and H. Sato [2003], gComputational error in FDTD analysis of short dipole antenna and its reduction technique,h Trans. IRICE, vol. J86-B, 9, pp. 1758-1765 (in Japanese).

 

Shestopalov, Yu., Y. Okuno, and N. Kotik [2003], gOscillations in slotted resonators with several slots: application of semi-inversion,h J. Electromag. Waves Applic., vol. 17, 5, 755-757 (A full paper appeared in J.A. Kong (ed.), Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 31).

 

Uno, T., T. Murakami, and T. Arima [2002], gFDTD analysis of antenna located near human head phantom using surface impedance method,h Trans. IEICE, vol. J85-B, 5, pp. 698-705 (in Japanese).

 

Uno, T. [2003], gAntenna design using the finite difference time domain method,h Trans. IEICE, vol. J86-B, 9, pp. 1678-1693 (in Japanese).

 

Yokota, M. [2004a], gApplication of multigrid moment method to scattering of a Gaussian beam by a nonlinear dielectric cylinder,h Proc. ISAPf04, 1C5-2, pp. 169-172.

 

Yokota, M. [2004b], gApplication of multigrid method to scattering of a Gaussian beam by a dielectric cylinder,h IEEJ Trans. Fundamentals, vol. 124, 12, pp. 1135- 1140.

 

Yokota, M. and N. Sugio [2002a], gMultigrid method for lightwave propagation in two-dimensional optical waveguide,h Proc. URSI-GA, B6.0.6.

 

Yokota, M. and N. Sugio [2002b], gApplication of multigrid method to lightwave propagation in two-dimensional optical waveguide,h Trans. IEICE, vol. J85-C, 12, pp. 1168-1175 (in Japanese).

 

Zinenko, T.L., A.I. Nosich, Y. Okuno, and A. Matsushima [2002], gE- and H-polarized plane wave scattering and absorption by an impedance strip grating,h Proc. APMC 2002.

 

Ando, M., [2003], "Radiation Pattern Analysis of Reflector Antennas -Discussions and Hybrid Use of Physical Optics and Aperture Field Integral Method-," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. J86-B, no.9, pp.1694-1705, (Invited, in Japanese).

 

Ando, M., and L. Rodriguez [2004], "Extraction of GO and diffraction components from Physical Optics in terms of line integrations of equivalent edge currents by Modified Edge Representation," Proc. URSI 2004, pp.32-37.

 

Budiarto, H., Katsuyuki Haneda, and Jun-ichi Takada [2004a], "Prediction Model for the Characteristics of Non-Specular Wave Scattered from Building Surface," 2004 IEEE AP-S International Symposium, (Monterey, USA).

 

Budiarto, H., Katsuyuki Haneda, and Jun-ichi Takada [2004b], "Prediction Model for the Estimation of Non-specular Wave Scattering Characteristics on Building Surfaces," 2004 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP 2004), 3C3-4, (Sendai, Japan).

 

Goto, J., T. Shijo, and M. Ando [2004], "Method of Moment for Local Correction of Physical Optics," Proc. the 2004 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), 2E2-2, pp.565-568.

 

Ida, T., and T. Ishihara [2003], "Time-Domain Asymptotic Solutions in the Transition Regions near@Geometrical Boundaries and near Caustics for Scattering by a Dielectric Cylinder," Proc. 2003 IEEE Antennas & Propagation Society International Symposium, vol. 4, pp. 840-843.

 

Ida, T., and T. Ishihara [2004a], gNovel High-Frequency Uniform Asymptotic Solution for Scattered Field by a Conducting Cylinder,h IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E87-C, no. 10, pp. 754-767 (in Japanese)

 

Ida, T., and T. Ishihara [2004b], "Novel Uniform Asymptotic Solutions for Scattered Fields by an Impedance Circular Cylinder," Proc. 2004 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), pp. 561-564.

 

Ida, T., and T. Ishihara [2004c], "Novel Uniform Asymptotic Solutions for High-Frequency Scattered Electromagnetic Fields by a Dielectric Cylinder," Proc. 2004 IEEE Antennas & Propagation Society International Symposium, vol. 2, pp. 2003-2006.

 

Ida, T., and T. Ishihara [2004d], " Novel High-Frequency Asymptotic Solutions in the Transition Regions near Geometrical Boundaries and near Caustics for Scattering by a Dielectric Cylinder," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E87-C, pp. 1550-1559, no. 9.

 

Ida, T., and T. Ishihara [2004e], "Frequency-Domain Uniform Asymptotic Solutions for Scattering by a Dielectric Cylinder in the Transition Region near Geometrical Boundaries," Proc. 8th 2003-2004 China-Japan Joint Meeting on Optical Fiber Science and Electromagnetic Theory, pp.294-297.

 

Kawano, T., T. Ishihara, and E. Murohara [2003], gAsymptotic Analyses of Diffracted Field by an Aperture in a Conducting Screen,h IEICE Trans., on Electronics, vol. J86-C, no. 9, pp. 977-987 (in Japanese)

 

Kawano, T., and T. Ishihara [2004], gApplicability of GTD in high- frequency asymptotic analysis of electromagnetic scattered field by a conducting strip,h IEEJ Trans. FM, vol. 124, no. 12, pp. 1177-1184.

 

Kosugi, M., T. Shijo, and M. Ando [2004], "Modified Edge Representation Computer Code for Diffraction Analysis of Slot Antennas with Finite Ground Plane," Proc. the 2004 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), 2E2-3, pp.569-572.

 

Shijo, T., and M. Ando [2003a], "Novel Interpretation of Physical Optics Errors,@Fictitious Penetrating Rays and Corrections by Hybrid Use of PO and AFIM," Proc. 2003 IEEE Topical Conference on Wireless Communication Technology, Session 26, p.05.

 

Shijo, T., and M. Ando [2003b], gElimination of Fictitious Penetrating Rays from PO and Hybridization with AFIM,h IEEJ Trans. FM, vol.123, no.12, pp.1185-1192. (in Japanese)

 

Shijo, T., T. Itoh, and M. Ando [2004a], "Visualization of Physical Optics for Interpretation of High Frequency Phenomena," Proc. 2004 URSI International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory, Session 1.4, pp.30-32.

 

Shijo, T., T. Itoh, and M. Ando [2004b], "Visualization of High Frequency Diffraction Based on Physical Optics," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.E87-C, no.9, pp.1607-1614.

 

Takada, J., and H. Budiarto [2001], "The Effect of Building Surface Roughness in Mobile Communication," 2001 Inernational Symposium on Communication and Information Technology, pp. 674-677, (Chiang Mai, Thailand).

 

Takada, J., J. Fu, H. Zhu and T. Kobayashi [2002], gSpatio-Temporal Channel Characterization in a Suburban Non Line-of-Sight Microcellular Environment,h IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 532-578.

 

Kawaguchi, H. [2003], gTime-domain analysis of electromagnetic wave fields by boundary integral equation method,h Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements, Vol. 27, pp.291-304

 

Yoshida, N. [2003], gAnalysis of near field around changing charges with discharge process by the spatial networks for vector and scalar potentials,h Record of the 2003 IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility (CD), WE-P-12

 

Yoshida, N. [2004], gAdaptation of condensed node spatial network for vector and scalar potentials to analysis of near field caused by changing charges with discharge process,h Trans. Institute of Electrical Engineering Japan on FM, Vol.124, No.3, pp.243-248

 

Shimoda, M., R. Iwaki, M. Miyoshi, and O. A. Tretyakov [2002], gWiener-Hopf analysis of transient phenomenon caused by time-varying resistive screen in waveguide,h IEICE Trans. Electron., Vol. E85-C, No.10, pp.1800-1807

 

Shimoda, M., R. Iwaki, M. Miyoshi, and O. A. Tretyakov [2003], gTransient phenomenon of electromagnetic waves by time-dependent resistive screen in waveguide,h IEICE Trans. Electron., Vol. E86-C, No.11, pp.2176-2183

 

Nishimoto, M. and H. Ikuno [2001], gTime-frequency processing of scattering responses from a dielectric sphere,h IEICE Trans. Electron., Vol. E84-C, pp.2156-1259

 

Nishimoto, M. and H. Ikuno [2004], gTime-frequency analysis of electromagnetic pulse responses from a one-dimensional plasma medium,h Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol.18, No.2, pp.181-196

 

Asai M., J. Yamakita, K. Matsumoto and H. Wakabayashi, [2004],  "On electromagnetic chirality of helix-loaded materials", Material Integration,  Vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 27-33.

 

Matsuoka T. and M. Tateiba, [2002], "Numerical analysis of scattering cross section of two layers of random medium containing dielectric particles for application to the detection of water content in moist soil", Proc. 2002 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, pp. 1545-1548.

 

Matsuoka T. and M. Tateiba, [2003a], "Calculation of scattered power from random medium layers by using radiative transfer theory for the estimation of moisture in soil by microwaves",  2003 IEEE AP-S Int. Sympo. & USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting,

 

Matsuoka T. and M. Tateiba, [2003b], "Analysis of wave scattering from three-layers of random medium using a radiative transfer equation",  IEEJ Trans. FM, Vol. 123, pp.1193-1198. (in Japanese).

 

Matsuoka T. and M. Tateiba, [2004], "Frequency Characteristics of Scattered Power from Two Layers of Random Medium for Application to Detection of Moisture in Soil",

Proc. 2004  Asia-Pacific Radio Science Conference pp.320-323.

 

Meng Zhi Qi and  M. Tateiba, [2004a], "Scattering enhancement phenomenon and random medium intensity", Proc. 2004 URSI Int. Sympo. on Electromagnetic Theory,  Vol. 2, pp. 1068—1070.

 

Meng Zhi Qi and M. Tateiba, [2004b], "Scattering Enhancement Phenomena in Wave Propagation in Random Media with Different Scale Sizes",  The 4th International Conference on Microwave and Millimeter Wave Technology  pp. 948-951.

 

Murakami T, and J. Nakayama, [2002], "Enhanced backscattering from a disorder

object: probability distribution of backscattering intensity", Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering & Design Kyoto Institute of Technology, Series of Science & Technology, vol.51, pp.45-54.

 

 

Nanbu Y.,  M. Tateiba, and T. Matsuoka, [2002a], "The effective properties of a medium containing randomly distributed chiral spheres embedded in a homogeneous background medium", Telecommunications and Radio Engineering Vol. 58, No. 1 & 2, pp. 128—135.

 

Nanbu Y., T. Matsuoka, D. Ochi, and M. Tateiba ,[2002b], " Numerical Analysis of the Effective Constitutive Parameters of a Dense Random Medium Containing Chiral Spheres",  Proc. 27th General Assembly of the International Union of Radio Science

 

Nanbu Y., T. Matsuoka and M. Tateiba, [2002c], "The effective constitute parameters of a random medium containing small chiral spheres", IEEJ Trans. FM, Vol. 122, no. 12, pp. 259-264, (in Japanese).

 

Nanbu Y., T. Matsuoka and M. Tateiba, [2004a], "Effective Constitutive Parameters of a Random Medium Containing Small Chiral Spheres", Electrical Engineering in Japan Vol. 148, No. 1, pp. 11-18.

 

Y. Nanbu, T. Matsuoka, and M. Tateiba, [2004b], "Numerical Analysis of the Effective Constitutive Parameters of a Random Medium Containing Small Chiral Spheres", Wave Propagation, Scattering and Emission in Complex Media (Editor: Y-Q Jin).

 

Nakayama J, and H. Tsuji, [2002],  "Wave scattering and diffraction from a finite

periodic surface: diffraction order and diffraction beam", IEICE Transactions on Electronics, vol.E85-C, no.10,  pp.1808-13.

 

Nakayama J, and Y. Kitada, [2003],   "Wave scattering from a finite periodic surface: spectral formalism for TE wave", IEICE Transactions on Electronics, vol.E86-C, no.6, pp.1098-105.

 

Ocla Hosam and M. Tateiba, [2002], "Backscattering enhancement for partially convex targets of large sizes in continuous random media for E-wave incidence",  Waves in Random Media Vol. 12, No. 3, pp.387-397.

 

Ocla Hosam and M. Tateiba, [2003a], "Effect of H-polarization on backscattering enhancement for partially convex targets of large sizes in continuous random media",

Waves in Random Media Vol.13, No.2, pp. 125—136.

 

Ocla Hosam and M. Tateiba, [2003b], "Radar Cross-section of Partially Convex Targets of Large Sizes in Continuous Random Media for H-polarization Wave",  Proc. 2003 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conf. Vol. 1, pp. 253-256.

 

Ocla Hosam and M. Tateiba, [2003c], "An indirect estimate of RCS of conducting target in random medium", IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters,  Vol. 2, No. 12, pp. 173- 176.

 

Ocla Hosam and M. Tateiba,  [2004a], "Backscattering enhancement of partially convex targets of large sizes in continuous random media for e-polarization wave",  Proc. 2004 URSI Int. Sympo. on Electromagnetic Theory Vol. 2, pp. 1071--1073.

 

Ocla Hosam and M. Tateiba, [2004b], "Numerical Analysis of Radar Cross-section of Partially Convex Targets with Large Sizes in Random Media", Proc. 2004 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation  pp. 813-816.

 

Ochi D., T. Matsuoka, Y. Nanbu, M. Tateiba, [2004], "An analysis of the effective propagation constants for a composite media containing sparsely and randomly distributed pairs of dielectric or chiral spheres", Proc. 2004 URSI Int. Sympo. on Electromagnetic Theory Vol. 2, pp. 1083--1085. 

 

Tamura Y, and J. Nakayama, [2003], "A formula on the Hermite expansion and its application to a random boundary value problem", IEICE Transactions on Electronics, vol.E86-C, no.8, pp.1743-1748.

 

Tamura Y, and J. Nakayama,  [2004], "Wave reflection and transmission from a thin film with one-dimensional disorder",  Waves in Random Media, vol.14, no.3, pp.435-65.

 

Tateiba M, and Zhi Qi Meng,  [2001],  "Radar cross-sections of conducting targets surrounded by random media", IEICE Trans. Part C, vol. J84-C, no.11, pp.1031-1039.

(in Japanese)

 

Tateiba M. and T. Matsuoka, [2002], "A comparative study of scattering cross section of a random medium layer containing particles in a homogeneous background medium",

 Telecommunications and Radio Engineering Vol. 58, No. 1 & 2,  pp. 136-144.

 

Tateiba M., Zhi Qi Meng and M. Nakashima, [2002a], "Bistatic Cross-Sections of Concave-Convex Conducting Cylinders in a Continuous Random Medium",  Proc.  27th General Assembly of the International Union of Radio Science

 

Tateiba M. and Zhi Qi Meng, M. Nakashima, [2002b], "Bistatic Cross-Sections of a Conducting Cylinders in a Continuous Random Medium",  Proc. 2002 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conf. Vol. 3, pp. 1537--1540.

 

Tateiba M., [2004], "Electromagnetic Wave Sensing in Random media", Proc. Sino-Japan Joint Meeting on Optical Fibre Science and Electromagnetics Theory,  pp. 9-14.

 

Tateiba M., Zhi Qi Meng, and H. El-Ocla, [2004], "Scattering by a Body in a Random Medium", Wave Propagation, Scattering and Emission in  Complex Media (Editor: Y-Q Jin),  pp.240-249,  Science Press, Beijing and World Scientific Publishing, Singapore 

 

Yoon K., M. Tateiba, and K. Uchida, [2002], A numerical simulation of low-grazing-angle scattering from ocean-like dielectric surfaces, IEICE Trans. Vol. E85-C, no. 10, pp. 2344-2347.

 

Awai, I., H. Kubo, H. Kohno, T. Iribe, and A. Sanada[2002], gDielectric resonator based on artificial dielectrics and its application to a microwave BPF,'' Proc. 2002 European Microwave Conf., pp.1045-1048.

 

Awai, I., A. Munir, N. Hamanaga, H. Kubo, and A. Sanada[2003b], gArtificial dielectric rectangular resonator with great anisotropic permittivity and its waveguide BPF application,'' Proc. 2003 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conf., pp.1752-1755.

 

Caloz, C., A. Sanada, and T. Itoh[2003a], gMicrowave circuits based on negative refractive index material structures,h Proc. 2003 European Microwave Conf., pp.105-110.

 

Caloz, C., A. Sanada, and T. Itoh[2003b], gMicrowave applications of transmission-line based negative refractive index structures,h Proc. 2003 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conf., pp.1708-1713

.

Caloz, C., A. Sanada, and T. Itoh[2004], gA novel composite rigth/left-handed coupled-line directional coupler with arbitrary coupling level and broad bandwidth,h IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol.52, 3, pp.980-992.

 

Fujisawa, T., and M. Koshiba[2002], gFull-vector finite-element beam propagation method for three-dimensional nonlinear optical waveguides,h IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol.20, 10, pp.1876-1884.

 

Fujisawa, T., and M. Koshiba[2003], gFinite element characterization of chromatic dispersion in nonlinear holey fibers,h Optics Express, vol.11, 13, pp.1481-1489.

 

Fujisawa, T., and M. Koshiba[2004a], gA frequency-domain finite element method for modeling of nonlinear optical waveguide discontinuities,h IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 16, 1, pp.129-131.

 

Fujisawa, T., and M. Koshiba[2004b], gTime-domain beam propagation method for nonlinear optical propagation analysis and its application to photonic crystal circuits,h IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol.22, 2, pp. 684-691.

 

Hasegawa, K., K. Inagawa, and M. Koshiba[2001], gExtraction of all coefficients of coupled-mode equations for natural, single-phase, unidirectional SAW transducers from dispersion characteristics computed by hybrid finite element method,h IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, vol.48, 5, pp. 341-350.

 

Hirata, A., Y. Yuse, and T. Shiozawa[2002a], gNonlinear characteristics of a cylindrical Cherenkov laser at millimeter frequencies,h Journal of Applied Physics, vol.91, 62, pp.9471-9474.

 

Hirata, A., S. Hirosaka, and T. Shiozawa[2002b], gEffectiveness and limitation of the periodic boundary approximation in the analysis of single-pass electron beam devices,h IEEE Trans. Plasma Science, vol.30, 3, pp.1292-1297.

 

Hirayama, K., K. Suzuki, and Y. Hayashi[2002], gFinite element analysis of leaky wave in a dielectric ring resonator,h IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.J85-C, 12, pp.1233-1235  (in Japanese).

 

Iida, Y., Y. Omura and M. Tsuji[2003a], gOptically tunable narrowband filter using defect-induced pass-band in photonic crystal waveguide,h Proc. Of 2003 IEEE Int. SOI Conf., pp.117-118.

 

Iida, Y., Y. Omura, Y. Ogawa, T. Kinoshita, and M. Tsuji[2003b], gRing resonator with sharp U-turns using an SOI-based photonic crystal waveguide with normal single-missing-hole-line defect,h Proc. of SPIE, vol.5277, 12, pp.206-214.

 

Jia, H., K., Yasumoto, and K. Yoshitomi[2001], "Fast and efficient analysis of inset dielectric guide using Fourier transform technique with a modified perfectly matched boundary," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, vol.34, pp.143-163.

 

Jia, H., K. Yoshitomi, and K. Yasumoto[2004a], "Rigorous and fast convergent analysis of a rectangular waveguide coupler slotted in common wall," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, vol.46, pp.245-264.

 

Jia, H., K. Yasumoto, and K. Yoshitomi[2004b], "Analysis of rectangular groove waveguides using Fourier transform technique," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol.41, 5, pp.388-392.

 

Kikuchi, K., S., T. Kitamura, Y. Horii, and M. Geshiro[2003], gStudy on comb-line filters with coupling windows on the grounding conductor,h IEEJ Trans. EIS, vol.123, 5, pp.875-879.

 

Kinoshita, T., A. Shimizu, Y. Iida, and Y. Omura[2003] gDesign sensitivity in quasi-one-dimensional silicon-based photonic crystalline waveguides,h J. Semicon. Tech., Sci., vol.3, 1 pp.55-61.

 

Kishihara, M., I. Ohta, T. Kawai, and K. Yamane[2003], "Asymmetrical coupled-HNRD-guide directional couplers with flat coupling", IEICE Trans. Electronic., vol.E86-C, 2, pp.126-133.

 

Kitamura, K., Y. Horii, M. Geshiro, and S. Sawa[2002], gA dual-plane comb-line filter having plural attenuation poles,h IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol.50, 4, pp.1216-1219.

 

Kitamura, T., K. Yoshida, M. Geshiro, and T. Ishizaki[2003], gProposal of a new folded comb-line filter,h IEEE Microwave Wireless Comp. Lett., vol.13, 8, pp.357-359.

 

Kondoh, S., A. Hirata, T. Thumvongskul, and T. Shiozawa[2003], gAnalysis of a metallic reflector grating waveguide with the influence of Joule loss taken into account,h IEEE Trans. Plasma Science, vol.31, 5, pp.1070-1074.

 

Kondoh, S., A. Hirata, and T. Shiozawa[2004], gA compact and wide-band reflector grating in a metallic rectangular waveguide,h IEEE Trans. Plasma Science, vol.32, 3, pp.1318-1322.

 

Kono, N., and Y. Tsuji[2004a], gOriented perfectly matched layer with flexible parameters for waveguide discontinuity problems,h IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol.16, 4, pp.1089-1091.

 

Kono, N., and Y. Tsuji[2004b], gA novel finite-element method for nonreciprocal magnet-photonic crystal waveguides,h IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol.22, 7, pp.1741-1747.

 

Koshiba, M. [2001], gWavelength division multiplexing and demultiplexing with photonic crystal waveguide couplers,h IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol.19, 12, pp.1970-1975.

 

Koshiba, M. and K. Saitoh[2001], gNumerical verification of degeneracy in hexagonal photnoic crystal fibers,h IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol.13, 12, pp.1313--1315.

 

Koshiba, M. and K. Saitoh[2003a], gPolarization-dependent confinement losses in actual holey fibers,h IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol.15, 5, pp.691-693.

 

Koshiba, M. and K. Saitoh[2003b], gStructural dependence of effective area and mode field diameter for holey fibers,h Optics Express, vol.11, 15, pp.1746-1756.

 

Koshiba, M. and K. Saitoh[2003c], gFinite-element analysis of birefringence and dispersion properties in actual and idealized holey-fiber structures,h Applied Optics, vol.42, 31, pp.6267-6275.

 

Koshiba, M. and K. Saitoh[2004], gApplicability of classical optical fiber theories to holey fibers,h Optics Letters, vol.29, 15, pp.1739-1741.

 

Kubo, H., I. Awai, Y. Ishii, K. Iwashita, and A. Sanada[2003], gImprovement of unloaded Q in image resonator due to shift of electromagnetic field distribution,h Proc. 2003 European Microwave Conf., pp.195-198.

 

Kubo, H., T. Mukai, I. Awai, and A. Sanada[2004], gImprovement of spurious property of waveguide bandpass filter based on artificial dielectrics,h Proc. 2004 European Microwave Conf., pp.1217-1220.

 

Kumagai, S., T. Nishikawa, K. Wakino and T. Kitazawa[2004], gNovel measurement method for dielectric properties of high permittivity materials in microwave region,h Proc. of 2004 China Japan Joint Meeting on Microwaves, pp.21-24.

 

Kuroki, F., M. Yamaguchi, Y. Minamitani, and T. Yoneyama[2003a], gHigh permittivity LSE-NRD guide and its application to new type of millimeter wave antennah,  IEICE Trans. vol.86-E, 2, pp.169-175.

 

Kuroki, F., S. Nakamura, T. Fukuchi, and T. Yoneyama[2003b], gNRD guide P-I-N diode devices for automotive radars at 77GHzh, IEICE Trans. vol.86-E, 2, pp.199-205.

 

Kuroki, F., K. Wada, and T. Yoneyama[2003c], gLow-loss and small-sized NRD guide ring resonators and their application to channel dropping filter at 60 GHh, IEICE Trans. vol.86-E, 8, pp.1601-1606.

 

Kuroki, F., Y. Murata, and T. Yoneyama[2004a], gMillimeter-wave duplexer with low loss and high isolation based on the NRD guide technology at 60 GHz,h IEE Electronic. Lett., vol.40, 6, pp.808-810.

 

Kuroki, F., S. Shinke, T. Mukai, E. Suematsu, H. Sato and T. Yoneyama[2004b], gBand widening of NRD guide Schottky barrier diode devices and its application to a wireless multi-channel TV-signal distribution system at 60 GHzh, IEICE Trans. vol.86-E, 12, pp.2422-2428.

 

Kuroki, F., M. Yamaguchi, Y. Wagatsuma, and T. Yoneyama[2004c], gNRD guide integrated circuit-compatible folded planar antenna fed by high permittivity LSE-NRD guide radiator at 60 GHz h, IEICE Trans. vol.87-E, 9, pp.1412-1417.

 

Matsubara, M., Y. Kogami, K. Shiraishi, Y. Tomabechi, and K. Matsumura[2004], gAn analysis for resonance characteristics of whispering gallery modes on an elliptical disk resonator with high paemittivity,h IEICE Trans., vol.J87-C, 9, pp.703-711 (in Japanese).

 

Murata, M., T. Kitamura, and M. Geshiro[2003], gMicrostrip filters with a loaded capacitance containing a light-induced plasma region,h IEEJ Trans. EIS, vol.123, 3, pp.397-400.

 

Miyamoto, T., M. Momoda, and K. Yasumoto[2003], "Numerical analysis for three-dimensional optical waveguides with periodic structures using Fourier series expansion method," Electronics and Communications in Japan, Part2, vol.86, 12, pp.22-31.

 

Momoda, M, T. Miyamoto, and K. Yasumoto[2004b], "Numerical analysis of lamellar grating type three-dimensional optical waveguides with periodic structure; using Fourier series expansion method," Electrical Engineering in Japan, Vol.149, 2, pp.1-9.

 

Munir, A., N. Hamanaga, H. Kubo, A. Sanada, and I. Awai[2004], gImprovement of spurious property of waveguide bandpass filter based on artificial dielectrics,h Proc. 2004 European Microwave Conf., pp.1005-1008.

 

Ochiai, N., T. Kitamura, Y. Horii, and M. Geshiro[2004], gFolded comb-line filter using coplanar waveguide,h IEEJ Trans. EIS, vol.124, 3, pp.814-818 (in Japanese).

 

Okubo, K., A. Sanada, S. Takenawa, and K. Yamane [2001], "Full-wave FDTD analysis of transmission characteristics of a YIG film microstrip line in a nonuniform bias magnetic field," Proc. Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, pp. 1211-1214.

 

Okubo, K. and M. Tsutsumi[2003], "Hollow ferrite waveguide and its application," IEICE Trans.,  vol.E86-C, 8, pp.1685-1689.

 

Ogawa, Y., T. Kinoshita, Y. Omura, and Y. Iida[2004], gPhotonic band structure and transmission control in the quasi-one-dimensional photonic-crystal waveguide with a modulated unit-cell structure,h Laser physics, vol.14, 5, pp.712-719.

 

Rodriguez-Esquerre, V.F., M. Koshiba, and H.E. Hernandez-Figueroa[2004], gFinite-element time-domain analysis of 2-D photonic crystal resonant cavities,h IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol.16, 3, pp.816-818.

 

Saitoh, K. and M. Koshiba[2001], gFull-vectorial finite element beam propagation method with perfectly matched layers for anisotropic optical waveguides,h IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol.19, 3, pp.405-413.

 

Saitoh, K. and M. Koshiba[2002], gFull-vectorial imaginary-distance beam propagation method based on a finite element scheme: Application to photonic crystal fibers,h IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.38, 7, pp.927-933.

 

Saitoh, K., M. Koshiba, T. Hasegawa, and E. Sasaoka[2003], gChromatic dispersion control in photonic crystal fibers: application to ultra-flattened dispersion,h Optics Express, vol.11, 8, pp.843-852.

 

Saitoh, K. and M. Koshiba[2003], gLeakage loss and group velocity dispersion in air-core photonic bandgap fibers,h Optics Express, vol.11, 23, pp.3100-3109.

 

Saitoh, K., N.A. Mortensen, and M. Koshiba[2004a], gAir-core photonic band-gap fibers: the impact of surface modes,h Optics Express, vol.12, 3, pp.394-400.

 

Saitoh, K., Y. Sato, and M. Koshiba[2004b], gPolarization splitter in three-core photonic crystal fibers,h Optics Express, vol.12, 17, pp.3940-3946.

 

Sanada, A., C. Caloz, and T.Itoh[2003a], gNovel zeroth-order resonance in composite right/left-handed transmission line resonators,h Proc. 2003 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conf., pp.1588-1591.

 

Sanada, A., T. Yamamoto, and I. Awai[2003b], gResonant characteristics of high-temperature superconducting coplanar waveuigde stepped-impedance resonators,h Proc. 2003 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conf., pp.86-189.

 

Sanada, A., C. Caloz, and T. Itoh[2004a], gCharacteristics of the composite right/left-handed transmission lines,h IEEE Microwave and Wireless Component Letters, vol.14, 2, pp.68-70.

 

Sanada, A., C. Caloz, and T. Itoh[2004b], gPlanar distributed structures with negative refractive index,h IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol.52, 4, pp.1252-1263.

 

Sanada, A., K. Murakami, S. Aso, H. Kubo, and I. Awai[2004c], gA via-free microstrip left-handed transmission line,h IEEE International Microwave Symposium Digest, pp.301-304.

 

Sanada, A., M. Kimura, I. Awai, and H. Kubo, C. Caloz, and T. Itoh[2004d], gA planar zeroth-order resonator antenna using a left-handed transmission line,h Proc. 2004 European Microwave Conf., pp.1342-1344.

 

Sato, Y., Y. Kogami, K. Shiraishi, Y. Tomabechi, and K. Matsumura[2003], gDesign of four-stage millimeter wave BPF using the whispering-gallery mode dielectric disk resonator,h IEICE Trans. Electronics, vol.E86-C, 8, pp.1621-1628.

 

Sato, Y., Y. Kogami, Y. Tomabechi, and K. Matsumura[2004], gA millimeter wave BPF using WG mode high permittivity dielectric resonators,h IEEJ Trans. EIS, vol.124, 2, pp.328-334.

 

Satoh, H., N. Yoshida, and Y. Miyanaga[2003], gAnalysis of TM wave property through sharp bend in 2D air-hole type photonic crystal waveguide on uni-axial anisotropic substrate by condensed node spatial network,h IEEJ Trans. Fundamentals and Materials, vol.123, 3, pp.220-225 (in Japanese).

 

Satoh, H., N. Yoshida, and Y. Miyanaga[2004], gAnalysis of polarization plane rotation property in 2D photonic crystal waveguide with chiral medium by condensed node spatial network,h IEEJ Trans. on Fundamentals and Materials, vol.124, 3, pp.229-235 (in Japanese).

 

Shigesawa, H and M. Tsuji [2001], gLeaky-wave phenomena and their unfavorable effect in millimeter-wave circuit devices,h Proc. Asia-Pacific Microwave Conf., vol.1, pp.53-58.

 

Shigesawa, H., and M. Tsuji[2002], gBasic properties of leaky modes in printed-circuit transmission lines,h Proc. Internfl Conf. Mathematical Methods Electromagnetic Theory, vol.1, pp.93-98.

 

Shiozawa, T. and A. Hirata[2002], gAnalysis of Free-Electron Lasers via FDTD method,h IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.J85-C, 10, pp.869-879 (in Japanese).

 

Shiraishi, T., K. Wakino, T. Nishikawa, and T. Kitazawa[2002], gAn efficient analysis of lossy discontinuities in waveguide by using extended spectral domain approach combined with mode matching method,h Proc. of 2002 Asia Pacific Microwave Conf., vol.1, pp.73-76,

 

Shiraishi, T., T. Nishikawa, K. Wakino and T. Kitazawa[2003a], gAn efficient analysis of lossless and lossy discontinuities in waveguide using hybrid numerical method,h IEICE Trans., vol.E86-C, 11, pp.2184-2190 (in Japanese).

 

Shiraishi, T., K. Takahashi, T. Nishikawa, K. Wakino, and T. Kitazawa[2003b], gAn efficient analysis on discontinuities of lossy obstacle in axially symmetrical transmission lines using hybrid numerical method,h Proc. of 33rd European Microwave Conf., pp. 119-122.

 

Skorobogatiy, M., K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba[2004a], gResonant directional coupling of hollow Bragg fibers,h Optics Letters, vol.29, 18, pp.2112-2113.

 

Skorobogatiy, M., K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba[2004b], gCoupling between two collinear air-core Bragg fibers,h Journal of Optical Society of America B, vol.21, 12, pp.2095-2101.

 

Suizu, S., T. Kitamura, and M. Geshiro[2003], gA 2-stage dual plane comb-line filter,h IEEJ Trans. EIS, vol.123, 3, pp.401-406 (in Japanese).

 

Takata, M. and Yukio Iida[2003a], gBroadband lossy conductor wall processing using short-circuited stubs in FDTD method,h Proc. 2003 Asia-Pasific Microwave Conf., vol.2, pp.830-833.

 

Takata, M. and Yukio Iida[2003b], gBroadband lossy conductor wall processing using lumped constant circuit on FDTD method,h IEICE Trans. vol.J86-C, 12, pp.1342-1349.

 

Tamura, H., Y. Kogami, and K. Matsumura[2003a], "Accuracy of complex permittivity measurement for dielectric materials in millimeter wave region using a whispering gallery mode method,h IEICE Trans. vol.J86-C, 2, pp.147-154 (in Japanense).

 

Tamura, H., Y. Kogami, and K. Matsumura[2003b], gImprovement of the relative permittivity evaluation with a whispering gallery mode dielectric resonator method,h IEICE Trans. Electronics, vol.E86-C, 8, pp.1665-1671.

 

Tanaka, K. and M. Tanaka[2003a], gSimulations of nanometric optical circuits: Open-type surface plasmon polariton gap-waveguide,h Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., vol.42,  pp.585-588.

 

Tanaka, K. and M. Tanaka[2003b], gSimulations of nanometric optical circuits based on surface plasmon polariton gap waveguide,h Appl. Phys. Lett., vol.82, pp.1158-1160.

 

Tsuji, M., S. Ueki, and H. Shigesawa[2002a], gSignificant contribution of nonphysical leaky mode to the fields excited by a practical source in printed-circuit transmission lines,h Digest IEEE MTT-S Internfl Microwave Symp., vol.2, pp.957-960.

 

Tsuji, M., M. Katsumata, H. Deguchi, and H. Shigesawa[2002b], gTapered microstrip lines for filter application,h Proc. Asia-Pacific Microwave Conf., vol.1, pp.89-92.

 

Tsuji, M. and H. Shigesawa[2003], gNumerical and experimental verification of nonphysical leaky-mode behavior in the excitation fields on printed-circuit transmission lines,h Proc. Asia-Pacific Microwave Conf., vol.1, pp.607-610.

 

Tsuji, M., and H. Shigesawa[2004], gLeakage effect of the printed-circuit transmission lines with multilayered dielectric substrate,h Proc. URSI Internfl Symp. Electromagnetic Theory, vol.1, pp.60-62.

 

Tsuji, M. Tani, H. Deguchi, and H. Shigesawa[2004], gStub-loaded ridge waveguide of single-mode operation for use of leaky-wave antennas,h Proc. Internfl Symp. Antennas Propagat., vol.1, pp.197-2004.

 

Tsuji, Y. and M. Koshiba[2002], gFinite element method using port truncation by perfectly matched layer boundary conditions for optical waveguide discontinuity problems,h IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol.20, 3, pp.463-468.

 

Tsuji, Y. and M. Koshiba[2001], gThree-dimensional vector beam-propagation method for second harmonic generation analysis,h IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol.19, 5, pp.780-785.

 

Tsutsumi, M. and K. Okubo[2002], "On the hollow ferrite waveguide," IEICE Trans. vol.J85-C, 7, pp.586-587 (in Japanese).

 

Wakino, K., S. Kumagai, T. Shiraishi, T. Kitazawa, T. Fujii and A. Ando[2004], gNovel evaluation method of the complex dielectric constant of high-permittivity material at microwave Frequencyh, Jpn. Journal Appl. Phys., vol.43, 9B, pp. 6755-6758.

 

Watanabe, S., T. Kitamura, Y. Horii, and M. Geshiro[2003], gA CPW-based band-ellimination filter using a patch of conductor,h IEEJ Trans. FM, vol.123, 12, pp.1180-1184 (in Japanese).

 

Yamamoto, H., Y. Ono, T. Nishikawa, K. Wakino and T. Kitazawa[2004], gAn analysis of cylindrical Coplanar waveguides with finite metallization thickness by extended spectral domain approach,h Proc. of 34th European Microwave Conf., pp. 589-592.

 

Yabu, T., M. Geshiro, and S. Sawa[2002a], gThree-branch waveguides for even division of optical power on a new design concept,h IEEJ Trans. vol.122-A, 1, pp.47-53.

 

Yabu, T., M. Geshiro, T. Kitamura, K. Nishisha, and S. Sawa[2002b], gAll-optical logic gates containing a two-mode nonlinear waveguide,h IEEE Journal Quantum Electron., vol.38, 1, pp.37-46.

 

Yabu, T., K. Nishisha, M. Geshiro, and S. Sawa[2002c], gAll-optical logic elements containing nonlinear material,h IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.J85-C, 2, pp.72-83 (in Japanese).

 

Yabu, T., M. Geshiro, and M. Ohashi[2004], gLow-loss wide-angle Y-branch optical waveguides,h IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.J87-C, 8, pp.609-615 (in Japanese).

 

Yasumoto, K. and H. Jia[2003], "Rigorous analysis of guided modes of photonic crystal waveguides using lattice sums technique," Proceedings of CLEO/ Pacific Rim 2003, W4C-(14)-4, pp.1-3, 12.

 

Yasumoto, K., H. Jia, and K. Sun[2004], "Rigorous analysis of two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide," Proceeding of 2004 URSI International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory, pp.739-741.

 

Yasumoto, K. and H. Jia[2004], "Analysis of two-dimensional electromagnetic crystal waveguides on a magnetized ferrite," Proceeding of Asia-Pacific Radio Science Conference, pp.68-69.

 

Yoshida, K., T. Kitamura, and M. Geshiro[2003a], gStudy on characteristics of folded comb-line filter,h IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.J86-C, 4, pp.442-449.

 

Yoshida, K., T. Kitamura, and M. Geshiro[2003b], gComb-line filter consisting of composite resonators composed of sections of coplanar waveguide and microstrip,h IEEJ Trans. FM., vol.123, 12, pp.1174-1179  (in Japanese).

 

Akiyama, M., K. Ito, T. Ohira, and M. Ando [2002a], "Variable beamforming performance analysis for electronically steerable parasitic array radiator antennas,," APMC, THOF-21, Vol. 2, pp. 1103-1106

 

Akiyama, M., K. Gyoda, T. Ohira, and M. Ando [2002b], "Numerical simulations on beam and/or null forming performance of ESPAR antennas,," IEICE Trans. Commun., J85-B, No.12, pp.2234-2244

 

Akiyama, M., K. Gyoda, T. Ohira, and M. Ando [2003], "Numerical simulations on beam and/or null forming performance of ESPAR antennas,," IEICE Electronics and Communications in Japan, Wiley, Part 1, Vol.86, No.12, pp.1-11

 

Ando, M., J. Hirokawa [2002], "High gain and high efficiency planar antennas for various wireless systems in millimeter wave bands,," XXVIIth General Assembly of the International Union of Radio Science (URSI), CAF.O.2 (Oral), pp.716-719

 

Ando, M., J. Hirokawa [2004], "Single layer waveguide slot arrays for ultra-low cost wireless access systems,," URSI'2004, pp.310-314

 

Deguchi, Y., K. Sakakibara, N. Kikuma, and H. Hirayama[2004], "Broadband millimeter-wave microstrip line to waveguide transition, "Proceedings of 2004 ISAP

 

Delaume, D., K. Ito, I. Ida, and H. Yoshimura [2001], "A simple circularly polarized beam-switching patch array antenna for satellite communication, "Digest of the 2001 IEEE APS International Symposium, vol. 4 pp.776-779

 

Delaume, D., T. Tanaka, T. Onishi, H. Yoshimura, and K. Ito [2002a], "Study of simple single layer patch array antennas for ETS-VIII application, "Proceedings of the 2002 Interim ISAP, pp.53-56

 

Delaume, D., Y. Murayama, T. OnishiI, H. Yoshimura, and K. Ito [2002b], "On the performances of simple circularly polarized 3-element and 4-element patch array antennas for mobile satellite broadcasting/ communication, "2002 IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, vol. 4 pp.732-735

 

Delaume, D.,  J. T. Sri Sumantyo, T. Tanaka, T. Onishi, and K. Ito [2003], "Simple electronically-steered on-board stacked-type dual-band patch array antenna for engineering test satellite VIII applications, "European Microwave Week 2003, 33rd European Microwave Conference, pp.519-522

 

Delaume,D., T. Tanaka,T. Onishi,J. T. Sri Sumantyo and K. Ito [2004], "Simple satellite-tracking stacked patch array antenna for mobile communications experiments aiming at ETS-VIII applications, "IEE Proceedings - MicrowavesCAntennas and Propagation,  vol. 151, issue 02, pp.173-179

 

Fujii, K., K. Ito, and S. Tajima [2002a], "A study on the modeling of communication system using human body as transmission channel, "Journal of ITE, vol. 56, no.11pp.1845-1849 (in Japanese)

 

Fujii, K., K. Ito, and S. Tajima [2002b], "Signal propagation of wearable computer using human body as transmission channel, "Proceedings of the 2002 Interim ISAP, pp.512-515

 

Fujii, K., K. Ito, and S. Tajima [2003], "A study on the receiving signal level@in relation with the location of electrodes for wearable devices using human body as a transmission channel, "2003 IEEE International APS  vol. 3, pp.1071-1074

 

Fujii, K., and K. Ito [2004a], "Evaluation of the received signal level in relation to the size and carrier frequencies of the wearable device using human body as a transmission channel, "2004 IEEE AP-S International Symposium and  vol.1pp.105-108

 

Fujii, K., K. Ito, and S. Tajima [2004b], "A study on the calculation model for signal distribution of wearable devices using human body as a transmission channel, "Trans. IEICE,  vol. J87-B, no.9 pp.1383-1390 (in Japanese)

 

Fujii, K., K. Ito, K. Hachisuka, Y. Terauchi, K. Sasaki, and K. Itao [2004c], "Study on the optimal direction of electrodes of a wearable device using the human body as a transmission channel, "Proceedings of the 2004 ISAP, vol.2 pp.1005-1008

 

Fujii, K., R. Kurosawa, M. Takahashi, K. Ito, K. Hachisuka, Y. Terauchi, Y. Kishi, K. Sasaki, and K. Itao [2004d], "Evaluation of dominant signal transmission channel of wearable device using human body as a transmission channel, "Proceedings of Indonesia-Japan Joint Scientific Symposium, 2004 pp.361-364

 

Fujimoto, T., K. Tanaka, and M. Taguchi [2002], gComparison of currents on upper and  lower sides of patch conductor of microstrip antenna,h Proc. of IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, vol. 4, pp. 170-173

 

Fujimoto, T., K. Tanaka, and M. Taguchi [2003], gElectric currents distributions on finite patch conductor of microstrip antenna,h Proc. of 2003 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, WA4-1

 

Fujimoto, T., S. Noguchi, K. Tanaka, and M. Taguchi [2004a], gStacked square microstrip antenna with a shorting post for road-vehicle communication,h RF and microwave computer-aided engineering, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp.244-252

 

Fujimoto, T., K. Tanaka, M. Taguchi [2004b], gStacked rectangular microstrip antenna with a shorting plate for dual band operation,h Proceedings of International symposium on antennas and propagation, No. 2B2-1, pp.357-360

 

Fukasawa, T., Y. Nishioka,H. Ohmine, and S. Urasaki [2002a], gCharacteristics of dipole antenna built in fip of portable telephone,h IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.J85-B, No.6, pp.941-952

 

Fukasawa, T., Y. Nishioka, S. Makino, and Y. Sunahara [2002b], gCharacteristics of a dipole antenna built-in a flip of a portable telephone,h VTC 2002 Spring.

 

Fukasawa, T., K. Shimomura, and M. Ohtsuka [2003a], gAccurate measurement method for characteristics of an antenna on a portable telephone,h IEICE Trans. Commun., Vol. J86-B, No.9, pp.1895-1905

 

Fukasawa, T., K. Shimomura, and M. Ohtsuka [2003b], gAccurate measurement method using fiber-optics for an antenna on a portable telephone,h IEEE Topical Conference on Wireless Communication Technology

 

Fukasawa, T., M. Ohtsuka, Y. Sunahara, and S. Makino [2004], gA wide bandwidth monopole antenna using a human body as a ground plane,h IEEE AP-S 2004, vol.4, pp.4316-4319

 

Goto, M., A. Sasaki, T. Okamoto, K. Azuma , Y. Nakata, T, Hirano , and M. Ando [2003], "New plasma processing equipment for large-size displays using single-layer slotted waveguide array and application to plasma oxidation for LTPS-TFTs.,," International workshop on Active-Matrix Liquid-Crystal Displays f03 (AMLCD 03)

 

Higaki, M., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2004], "Mechanical phase shifting in the power divider for single-layer slotted waveguide arrays,," IEICE Trans. Commun., Vol.E87-B, No.2, pp.310-316

 

Hirano, T., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2002a], "A MoM analysis using numerical eigenmode basis functions for a notched annular ring slot ona shorting plate of a rectangular waveguide,," ISAP, Yokosuka, 3C3-4, pp. 428-431

 

Hirano, T., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2002b], "Design of a linear array of waveguide crossed-slots using the method of moments with numerical-eigenmode basis functions,," IEEE AP-S/URSI, Vol.3, pp. 522-525

 

Hirano, T., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2002c], "A MoM/FEM hybrid analysis of circularly polarized slot elements with complex shapes,," XXVIIth General Assembly of the International Union of Radio Science (URSI), B7.O.7 (Oral), pp.1828-1831

 

Hirano, T., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2003a], "Design of a waveguide crossed-slot array with matching elements using the method of moments with numerical-eigenmode basis functions,," IEEE AP-S/URSI, Vol.3, pp.1046-1049, Session 121-5

 

Hirano, T., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2003b], "An analysis and design of a notched annular ring slot on a shorting plate of a rectangular waveguide by the method of moments using numerical eigenmodes,," IEICE Trans. Commun., J86-B, No. 9, pp.1870-1877 (in Japanese)

 

Hirano, T., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2003c], "Waveguide matching crossed-slot,," IEE Proceedings Microwave, Antennas and Propagation, Vol.150, No.3, pp.143-146

 

Hirano, T., Y. Nakano, M. Ando, M. Goto, A. Sasaki, T. Okamoto, K. Azuma, and Y. Nakata [2003d], "1m2 order single-layer slotted waveguide arrays for plasma excitation,," 2003 IEEE Topical Conference on Wireless Communication Technology, Session 23, p.06

 

Hirano, T., J. Hirokawa, M. Ando, T. Ide, A. Sasaki, K. Azuma, and Y. Nakata [2004], "Method of moments / transmission line modeling for plasma excitation single-layer slotted waveguide arrays with complicated outer baffles,," IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Session:86, Vol.3, pp.2372-2375

 

Hirata, A., T. Morimoto, and Z. Kawasaki [2003], "DOA estimation of ultra-wideband EM waves with MUSIC and interferometry," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol.2, pp.190-193

 

Hirata, A., S. Mitsuzono, and T. Shiozawa [2004],"Feasibility study of adaptive nulling on handset for 4G mobile communications," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol.3, pp.120-122

 

Hirata, K., T. Sekiguchi, H. Miyashita, and S. Makino [2004], gAn arrangement method of auxiliary antennas for sidelobe canceller with the large interval of auxiliary antennas,h The IEICE Transactions on Communications , Vol.J87-B, No.9, pp. 1266-1276 (in Japanese)

 

Hirokawa, J. [2002], "76GHz post -wall waveguide- fed parallel plate slot array with sidelobe suppression and 45-degree tilted linear polarization,," IEEE AP-S/URSI, URSI B, p.196

 

Hirokawa, J., C. Yamazaki, and M. Ando [2003a], "Postwall waveguide slot array with cosecant radiation pattern and null filling for base station antennas in local multidistributed systems,," RADIO SCIENCE, Vol.38, No 2, 8009, doi:10.1029/2001RS002580, pp. VIC 10-1`10-7

 

Hirokawa, J., N. Goto, and K. Tsunekawa [2003b], "Double-layer rectangular-waveguide structure for butler matrix using slit coupling on the broad walls,," IEEE AP-S/URSI, URSI B, Session 38

 

Hirokawa, J., M. Furukawa, K. Cho, and N. Goto [2004], "Extension of phase shift by installing grooves or steps in slit coupling on the common broad wall between two shorted rectangular waveguides,," IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Session:17, URSI, p.47

 

Hori, S., N. Kikuma, and N. Inagaki [2002], "MMSE adaptive array utilizing guard interval in the OFDM systems, "Trans. IEICE, vol. J85-B,  No.9 pp.1608-1615 (in Japanese)

 

Hori, S., N. Kikuma, and N. Inagaki [2003a], "MMSE adaptive array suppressing only multipath waves with dela times beyond the guard interval for fixed reception in the OFDM systems, "Trans. IEICE, vol. J86-B,  No.9 pp.1934-1940 (in Japanese)

 

Hori, S., N. Kikuma, and N. Inagaki [2003b], "Improving convergence characteristics of an MMSE adaptive array utilizing the guard interval in OFDM signal, "Trans. IEICE, vol. J86-B,  No.6 pp.1035-1039 (in Japanese)

 

Hori, S., N. Kikuma, and N. Inagaki [2004], "DOA estimation to detect synchronized signal in the OFDM systems under multipath environments, "Trans. IEICE, vol. J87-B,  No.9 pp.1397-1404 (in Japanese)

 

Hotta, H., N. Kikuma, K. Sakakibara, and H. Hirayama [2004], "Comparison of MUSIC algorithms using gradient- and integral-type mode vectors for direction of arrival and angular spread estimation, "Trans. IEICE, vol. J87-B,  No.9 pp.1414-1423 (in Japanese)

 

Ichikawa, Y., K. Tomitsuka, S. Obote, and K. Kagoshima [2002a], "A computation reduced MMSE adaptive array antenna using space-temporal simultaneous processing equalizer," IEICE Trans.Commun, Vol.E85-B, No.12 pp.2622-2629

 

Ichikawa, Y., K. Tomitsuka, S. Obote, and K. Kagoshima [2002b], "MMSE adaptive array antenna with sequential processing," IEICE Trans.Commun, Vol.j85-B, No.12 pp.2257-2264 (in Japanese)

 

Ichikawa, Y., S. Obote, and K. Kagoshima [2003], "Compensation of carrier frequency offset for MMSE-SMI adaptive array antenna," IEICE Trans.Commun, Vol.j86-B, No.9 pp.1914-1924 (in Japanese)

 

Inagaki, N., D. Itatsu, and N. Kikuma [2002], "A consideration on apparent antenna efficiency of mf grounded broadcasting antennas, "Proceedings of 2002 Interim ISAP

 

Inagaki, Y, N. Kikuma, K. Sakakibara, and H. Hirayama [2004], "On improving cyclic esprit for signal-selective DOA estimation, "Proceedings of 2004 ISAP

 

Inasawa, Y., H. Souma, J. Tsuruta, C. Ikeda, N. Miyahara, and S. Makino [2002], gSuppression of scattered field by optimizing the geometric design of radome seams using simulated annealing method,h JINA 2002 International Symposium on AntennasC 3D30 V1-471-474

 

Inoue, T., N. Inagaki, and N. Kikuma [2002], "Modal polarization current model method and its application to scattering by dielectric bodies, "Trans. IEICE, vol. J85-B,  No.5 pp.788-796 (in Japanese)

 

Inoue, T., N. Inagaki, and N. Kikuma [2003a], "Application of modal polarization current model method to dielectric resonator antennas, "Trans. IEICE, vol. J86-B,  No.1 pp.76-84 (in Japanese)

 

Inoue, T., N. Inagaki, N. Kikuma, and K. Sakakibara [2003b], "Design of circulary polarized dielectric resonator antenna using modal polarization current model method, "Proceedings of IEEE APS

 

Inoue, T., N. Inagaki, N.Kikuma and K.Sakakibara [2003c], "Design of circulariy polarized dielectric resonator antennas using modal polarization current model method, "Trans. IEICE, vol. J86-B,  No.9 pp.1816-1824 (in Japanese)

 

Ishido, R., T. Onishi, K. Saito, S. Uebayashi, and K Ito [2004], "A study on the solid phantoms for 3-6 GHz and evaluation of SAR distributions based on the thermographic method, "Proceedings of 2004 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, EMC'04, vol. 3B3-2, pp.577-580

 

Ishikawa, H., N. Kikuma, K. Sakakibara, and H. Hirayama [2004], "A consideration on MMSE adaptive arrays for port able radio terminals in a multipath environment, "Proceedings of 2004ISAP

 

Itatsu, D., N. Inagaki, N. Kikuma and K.Sakakibara [2003], "Full wave analysis of mf braodcasting monopole antennas with radial earth, "Trans. IEICE, vol. J86-B,  No.9 pp.1739-1747 (in Japanese)

 

Ito, K., H. Kawai, and K. Saito [2002], "State of the art and future prospects of biological tissue-equivalent phantoms, "Transactions. of IEICE,vol. J85-B, No. 5 pp.582-596 (in Japanese)

 

Ito, K., A. Akiyama, and M. Ando [2003], "Bandwidth of electronically steerable parasitic array radiator antennas in single beam scanning,," IEICE TRANS. COMMUN., Vol.E86-B, No.9, pp.2844-2847

 

Ito,K., K. Saito, H.i Yoshimura, Y. Aoyagi, and H. Horita[2004], "Coaxial-slot antenna for interstitial microwave thermal therapy and its application to clinical trial, "Proceedings of the 26th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pp.2526-2529

 

Ito, K., R. Ishido, T. Onishi, K. Saito, and S. Uebayashi [2004a], "Development of a solid phantom for 3 to 6 GHz application and measurement of SAR distributions based on the thermographic method, "Proceedings of Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, p.80

 

Ito. K., and H. Kawai [2004b], "Phantoms for evaluation of interactions between antennas and human body, "Proceedings of 2004 URSI EMT-S International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory, vol. 2, pp.1104-1106

 

Iwata, T., K.Yonekura, K.Asari, Y.Kono, N.Kawano, and T.Takano  [2001a], "The 4-way doppler measurement system for the lunar gravity mapping by SELENE" Radio Science Conference (AP-RASCf01), A1&A2-02, August 1-4, 2001.

 

J.C. Young, J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2004a], "External aperture admittance of a slot in a rectangular waveguide,," Proceedings of 2004 URSI International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory, Session 2.15, pp.573-575

 

J.C. Young, J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2004b], "Analysis of multiple transverse and longitudinal slots in a waveguide by the spectrum of two-dimensional solutions method,," Proceedings of the 2004 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), POS-A-30, pp.977-980

 

J.C. Young, J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2004c], "Reflection and transmission coefficients for vertical and horizontal slots in the broad wall of a rectangular waveguide,," IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Session:86, Vol.3, pp.2357-2360

 

Jin, R., H. Zhu, and M. Ando [2001], "A feeding circuit with CPW for CA-RLSA,," IEEE Transaction on Antennas and Propagation, Vol.49, No.12, pp.1862-1867

 

Kai, H., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2002a], "Aperture illumination of a circular polarization oversized rectangular waveguide slotted array,," ISAP, Yokosuka, 1B4-3, pp. 133-136

 

Kai, H., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2002b], "Perturbation analysis of aperture illumination in oversized rectangular slotted waveguide arrays,," IEEE AP-S/URSI, Vol.3, pp. 518-521

 

Kai, H., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2002c], "Analysis of slot excitation and aperture illumination of large parallel plate slotted waveguide arrays,," XXVIIth General Assembly of the International Union of Radio Science (URSI), B8.P.22 (Poster), pp.2062-2065

 

Kai, H., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2003a], "Analysis of inner fields and aperture illumination of an oversize rectangular slotted waveguide,," IEE Proceedings Microwave, Antennas and Propagation, Vol.150, No.6, pp.415-421

 

Kai, H., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2003b], "Aspect ratio of the aperture in oversized rectangular slotted waveguide arrays and the effects on antenna efficiency,," IEEE AP-S/URSI, Vol.3, pp.1050-1053

 

Kai, H., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2004a], "A study of aspect ratio of the aperture and the effect on antenna efficiency in oversized rectangular slotted waveguide arrays,," IEICE Trans. Commun., Vol.E87-B, No.6, pp.1623-1630

 

Kai, H., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2004b], "Circularly polarized post-wall waveguide slotted arrays,," IEICE Electronics Express, Vol.1, No.1, pp.7-12

 

Kai, T., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2002], "Transformer between a thin post-wall waveguide to a standard metal waveguide,," IEEE AP-S/URSI, Vol.4, pp. 436-439

 

Kai, T., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2003], "Analysis of a feeding structure for TEM wave excitation in an oversized rectangular waveguide,," IEEE AP-S/URSI, Vol.2, pp.1177-1180, Session 80-6

 

Kai, T., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2004a], "Feed through an aperture to a post-wall waveguide with step structure,," Proceedings of the 2004 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), 1D2-1, pp.185-188

 

Kai, T., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2004b], "A stepped post-wall waveguide with aperture interface to standard waveguide,," IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Session:61, Vol.2, pp.1527-1530

 

Kajiwara, S., A Yamamoto, K. Ogawa, A. Ozaki, and Y. Koyanagi [2004], "Attenuation characteristics of the SAR in a Cost 244 phantom with differenent EM source locations and sizes, "Proceedings of the 2004 ISAP, vol. 2 pp.793-796

 

Kawai, H., H Yoshimura, and K. Ito [2002a], "Effects of inaccurate electric constants of the biological tissue-equivalent phantoms on the local averaged SARs at 900 MHz and 2.0 GHz, "Union of Radio Science National Radio Science Meeting, p.51

 

Kawai, H., H. Yoshimura, and K. Ito [2002b], "Effects of inaccurate electric constants of the tissue-equivalent phantom on the local SAR and the SAR distribution, "Transactions. of IEICE, Vol. J85-B, No.5 pp.619-630 (in Japanese)

 

Kawai, H., Y. Koyanagi, K. Ogawa, K. Saito, and K. Ito [2003], "A study on the evaluation of the electromagnetic exposure in the human fetus model at 150 MHz, "2003 IEEE International APS, vol. 3, pp.1087-1090

 

Kawai, H., H. WANG, K. Nagasawa, K. Ito, M. Takahasi, K. Saito, T. Ueda, M. Saito, H. Ito, Y. Koyanagi, and K. Ogawa [2004a], "Evaluation of the SAR using a simple abdomen model based on pregnant women data, "Proceedings of Indonesia-Japan Joint Scientific Symposium 2004, pp.207-210

 

Kawai, H.CS. MemberCand K. ItoCSenior MemberCIEEE [2004b], "Simple evaluation method of estimating local average SAR, "IEEE TransDMTTCvolDMTT-52CNo.8 pp.2021-2029

 

Kawano, N., K.Asari, Y.Kono, T.Iwata, and T.Takano  [2001], "Doppler frequency acquisition by 4Eay method in SELENE" Radio Science Conference (AP-RASCf01), PA2-02, August 1-4, 2001D

 

Kihira, K., R. Yonezawa, and I. Chiba [2003a], gA simple configuration of adaptive array antenna for DS-CDMA systems,h The IEICE Transactions on Communications, vol.E86-B, No.3, pp. 1117-1124

 

Kihira, K., Y. Hara, and T. Sekiguchi [2003b], gA downlink beam selection scheme with feedback in CDMA/FDD systems,h Vehicular Technology Conference, 2003. VTC 2003-Fall. 2003 IEEE 58th, vol. 1,pp. 218 - 221

 

Kihira, K., Y. Hara, K. Hirata, H. Miyashita, and S. Makino [2004], gClosed-loop mode selection scheme in CDMA/FDD systems,h The IEICE Transactions on Communications , vol.J87-B, No.9, pp. 1185-1193 (in Japanese)

 

Kikuma, N., T. Sasaki, and N. Inagaki [2002], "On improving the recursive unitary ESPRIT for iterative DOA estimation, "Proceedings of 2002 Interim ISAP

 

Kikuma, N., and M. Fujimoto [2003a], "Adaptive antennas, "Trans. IEICE, vol. E86-B, No3 pp.968-979

 

Kikuma, N., W. Mizumukai, N. Inagaki, and K. Sakakibara [2003b], "On improving the CR-SCORE adaptive array by using multiple cyclic correlation properties, "Proceedings of IEEE APS

 

Kikuma, N [2004c], "Iterative DOA estimation using subspace tracking methods and adaptive beamforming, "Trans. IEICE, vol. J87-B,  No.9 pp.1149-1161 (in Japanese)

 

Kiminami, K. , A. Hirata, and T. Shiozawa [2004], "Double-sided printed bow-tie antenna for UWB communications," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol.3, pp.152-153

 

Kimura, Y.,J. Hirokawa, M. Ando, and M. Haneishi [2002a], "Alternating-phase fed single-layer slotted waveguide arrays with wide chokes at 76 GHz band,," IEEE AP-S/URSI, Vol.4, pp. 228-231

 

Kimura, Y., Y. Miura, J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2002b], "A low-cost and compact wireless terminal with an alternating phase fed single-layer waveguide array for 26GHz fixed wireless access systems,," Journees Internationales de Nice sur les Antennas (JINA), Vol.2, p.455

 

Konishi, Y., [2003], gPhased array antennas,h IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E-86, No.3, pp. 954-967

 

Koyanagi, Y., H. Kawai, K. Ogawa, and K. Ito [2002a], "Consideration of the local SAR and radiation characteristics of a helical antenna using a cylindroid whole body phantom at 150 MHz, "Transactions. of IEICE, vol.1, J85-B, No.5 pp.664-675 (in Japanese)

 

Koyanagi, Y., K. Ogawa, and K. Ito [2002b], "Correlation between the local SAR and the near E field of the dipole antenna close to the Cost244 phantom, "Proceedings of the 2002 ISAP, pp.97-100

 

Koyanagi, Y., H. Kawai, K. Ogawa, and K. Ito [2003a], "Internal distribution of the local SAR in the human abdomen measured by a split phantom and small helical antennas at 150 MHz, "2003 IEEE International APS vol. 3, pp.1079-1082

 

Koyanagi, Y., H. Kawai, K. Ogawa, and K. Ito [2003b], "Estimation of the local SAR in the human abdomen using a human body phantom and small antennas at 150MHz, "Transactions. of IEICE, vol.1, J86-B, No.7 pp.1207-1218 (in Japanese)

 

Koyanagi, Y., K. Ogawa, and K. Ito [2003c], "A basic study on the relationship between the incident E field and SAR distribution of an antenna near the human body, "Transactions. of IEICE, vol.1, J85-B, No.5 pp.729-731 (in Japanese)

 

Koyanagi, Y., S. Kajiwara, K. Ogawa, and K. Ito [2004], "Movement of the peak SAR location in close proximity to the surface of a COST 244 phantom exposed to a dipole array antenna, "Proceedings of the 2004 ISAP, vol. 2 pp.789-792.

 

Kuroda, S., Y. Inasawa, Y. Konishi, and S. Makino [2004a], gRadar cross section analysis considering multi-reflection inside a radome using SBR method ,h 2004 IEEE AP-S International Symposium Digest, session 159-3

 

Kuroda, S., Y. Inasawa, Y. Konishi, and S. Makino [2004b], gRadar cross section analysis considering multi-reflection inside a radome using SBR method ,h International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, session 2E2-4

 

Kuroda, T., N. Kikuma, and N. Inagaki [2001], "DOA estimation using recursive 2D unitary ESPRIT, "Trans. IEICE, vol. J84-B,  No.11 pp.1946-1954 (in Japanese)

 

Makino, S., and N. Miyahara [2003], gSatellite onboard reflector antennas,h IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E-86, No.3, pp. 944-953

 

Miyachi, K, J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2003], "Analysis of radial line slot antennas with dielectric layers over the aperture,," IEICE Trans. Commun., Vol.J86-B, No.3, pp.511-518 (in Japanese)

 

Miyata,K., K. Saito, and K. Ito[2004], "Improvement in the input impedance of a coaxial-slot antenna for interstitial microwave hyperthermia, "Proceedings of Indonesia-Japan Joint Scientific Symposium 2004, pp.203-206

 

Mizumukai, W., N. Kikuma, K. Sakakibara, and H. Hirayama [2004], "CR-SCORE adaptive array with BFN using in-phase combining of multiple cyclic correlations, "Trans. IEICE, vol. J87-B,  No.9 pp.1249-1258 (in Japanese)

 

Miyahara, N., T. Mizuno, S. Matsumoto, H. Deguchi, and S. Urasaki [2001], gAn influence on radiation characteristics by FSS on a beam-waveguide feed with FSS,h The IEICE Transactions on CommunicationsCvol.J84-BC11Cpp.2017-2026

 

Nakaji, T., N. Kikuma, N. Inagaki, and K.Sakakibara [2003], "Optimization of MMSE- and CMA-based ESPAR antennas using marquardt method, "Trans. IEICE, vol. J86-B,  No.9 pp.1925-1933 (in Japanese)

 

Nakano, H., H. Yasui, and J. Yamauchi [2002a], "Numerical analysis of two-arm spiral antennas printed on a finite-size dielectric substrate, "IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.50. No.3 pp.362-370

 

Nakano, H., J. Eto, Y. Okabe, and J. Yamauchi [2002b], "Tilted-and axial-beam formation by a single-arm rectangular spiral antenna with compact dielectric substrate and conducting plane, "IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.50. No.1 pp.17-23

 

Nakano, H., M. Fukasawa, and J. Yamauchi [2002c], "Discrete multiloop, modified multiloop, and plate-loop antennas--multifrequency and wide-band VSWR characteristics, "IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.50. No.3 pp.371-378

 

Nakano, H., K. Kosemura, T. Hamada, Y. Hirachi, J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2003a], "Cost -effective 60-GHz modules with a post-wall planar antenna for gigabit home-link systems,," European Microwave Week 2003  pp.891-894

 

Nakano, H., M. Iwatsuki, M. Sakurai, and J. Yamauchi [2003b], "A cavity-backed rectangular aperture antenna with application to a tilted fan beam array antenna, "IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.51. No.4 pp.712-718

 

Nakano, H., Y. Okabe, H. Mimaki, and J. Yamauchi [2003c], "A monofilar spiral antenna excited through a helical wire, "IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.51. No.3 pp.661-664

 

Nakano, H., M. Ikeda, K. Hitosugi, and J. Yamauchi [2004], "A spiral antenna sandwiched by dielectric layers, "IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.52. No.6 pp.1417-1423

 

Nishimoto, K., T. Fukasawa, M. Ohtsuka, and S. Makino [2004a], gOptimization of cross polarization characteristics for dual-polarized patch antennas,h IEEE AP-S 2004, vol.4, pp.4352-4355

 

Nishimoto, K., T. Fukasawa, and M. Ohtsuka [2004b], gCross polarization characteristics in the planes tilted from the boresight of a dual-polarized patch antenna,h ISAP '04, vol.2, pp.365-368

 

Nishizawa, K., H. Okegawa, H. Miyashita, Y. Sunahara, and T. Katagi [2002], gA Linear dipole antenna with crank sections suitable for an element operating at a lower band in dual-band array antennas,h The IEICE Transactions on Communications , vol.J85-B, No.6, pp. 932-940 (in Japanese)

 

Noguchi, S., T. Fujimoto, K. Tanaka, and M. Taguchi [2003], gStacked rectangular microstrip antenna with a shorting post for road vehicle communication,h Proc. of IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, vol. 3, 84.6

 

OkabeCS., K. Saito, H. Yoshimura, and K. Ito [2004], "Improvement on the input impedance of a coaxial-slot antenna for interstitial heating by loading a matching circuit, "Trans. IEICECvol. J87-B, no. 10 pp.1741-1748

 

Onishi, T., R Ishido, K. Saito, S. Uebayashi, and K Ito [2004], "The influence of a phantom shell on SAR measurement in higher frequency range (3-6GHz), "BEMS Twenty-Sixth Annual Meeting, P-B-26, pp. 163-164

 

Park, S., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2002a], "Planar cross-junction for the center feed in single-layer slotted waveguide arrays,," IEEE AP-S/URSI, Vol.3, pp. 416-419

 

Park, S., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2002b], "A planar cross-junction power divider for the center feed in single-layer slotted waveguide arrays,," IEICE Trans. Communication, Vol.E85-B, No.11, pp.2476-2481

 

Park, S., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2003a], "Design of a multiple-way power divider for center-feed single-layer waveguide arrays,," IEEE AP-S/URSI, Vol.2, pp.1165-1168, Session 80-3

 

Park, S., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2003b], "Analysis and design of a waveguide slot and a reflection -canceling inductive wall,," 2003 IEEE Topical Conference on Wireless Communication Technology, Session 23, p.08

 

Park, S., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2003c], "Simple analysis of a slot and a reflection-canceling post in a rectangular waveguide using only the axial uniform currents on the post surface,," IEICE Trans. Communication, Vol.E86-B, No.8, pp.2482-2487

 

Park, S., Y. Okajima, J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2004], "A slotted post-wall waveguide array with inter-digital structure for 45-deg linear and dual polarization,," IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Session:86, Vol.3, pp.2368-2371

 

Saito, K., S. Okabe, W. Miyamoto, H. Yoshimura, K. Ito, Y. Aoyagi, and H. Horita[2002], "Heating of neck tumor based on MRI data by using a coaxial-slot antenna, "Proceedings of the 2002 Interim ISAP pp.335-338

 

Saito, K., K. Ito, Y. Aoyagi, and H. Horita[2004a], "Heating performances of array applicator for interstitial microwave hyperthermia: numerical simulation and clinical trial, "Proceedings of 2004 URSI EMT-S International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory, vol. 2 pp.1221-1223

 

Saito, K., K. Miyata, H. Yoshimuira, and K. Ito[2004b], "Practical study of a coaxial-slot antenna with simple matching circuit for interstitial heating, "Proceedings of the 2004 ISAP , vol. 2 pp.797-800

 

Saito, K., K. Miyata, H. Yoshimura, K. Ito, Y. Aoyagi, and H. Horita[2004c], "Treatment system of interstitial microwave hyperthermia: clinical trials for neck tumor and improvement of antenna elements, "Digest of International Union of Radio Science (URSI) National Radio Scientific Meeting, vol. 1 p.195

 

Saito, K., K. Miyata, K. Ito, Y. Aoyagi, and H. Horita[2004d], "Coaxial-slot antenna for interstitial microwave hyperthermia: heating performances and clinical trials, "Proceedings of Indonesia-Japan Joint Scientific Symposium 2004, pp.199-202

 

Saito,K., H. Yoshimura, and K. Ito[2004e], "Study on feeding technique of array applicator for uniform heating of large-volumed tumor in interstitial microwave heating, "Trans. IEICE, vol. J87-B, no.3 pp.410-420 (in Japanese)

 

Saito,K., H. YoshimuraCand K. Ito [2004f], "Numerical simulation for interstitial heating of actual neck tumor based on MRI tomograms by using a coaxial-slot antenna, "IEICE Transactions on ElectronicsC vol. E86-C, no.12 pp.2482-2487

 

SaitoCK., H.YoshimuraCK. ItoCY. AoyagiCand H. Hirita[2004g], "Clinical trials of interstitial microwave hyperthermia by use of coaxial-slot antenna with two slots, "IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and TechniquesCvol. 52Cno.8 pp.1987-199

 

Sakakibara, K., and N. Kikuma [2003a], "Feeding circuit of phased array composed of four slotted waveguides with only one phase shifter using block excitation technique, "Proceedings of 2003 IEEE Topical Conference on Wireless Communication Technology

 

Sakakibara, K., F. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, N. Inagaki, and N. Kikuma [2003b], "Microstrip line to waveguide transition conncting antenna and backed RF circuit, "Trans. IEICE, vol. J86-B,  No.9 pp.2016-2020 (in Japanese)

 

Sakakibara, K., F. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, N. Inagaki, and N. Kikuma [2003c], "Microstrip line to waveguide transition connecting antenna and backed RF circuits, "Proceedings of IEEE APS

 

Sakakibara, K., A. Mizutani, N. Kikuma, and H. Hirayama [2004], "Measured performance of slotted waveguide phased array antenna using feeding circuit of block excitation technique, "Proceedings of 2004 ISAP

 

Sorwar Hossain, M.G., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2004a], "Parasitic dipole coupled transverse slot and its radiation characteristic,," Proceedings of the 2004 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), POS-B-7, pp.1093-1096

 

Sorwar Hossain, M.G., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2004b], "Parasitic strip dipoles to suppress grating lobes in a waveguide transverse slot array,," IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Session:86, Vol.3, pp.2376-2379

 

Sri Sumantyo, J. T., and K. Ito, [2004a], "Simple satellite-tracking dual-band triangular-patch array antenna for mobile satellite communications using ETS-VIII, "Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Antennas (13 emes Journees Internationales De Nice Sur Les Antennes-JINA2004), pp.270-271

 

Sri Sumantyo, J.T.,  K. Iit, D. Delaume, T. Tanaka, and H. Yoshimura[2004b], "Simple satellite-tracking dual-band triangular-patch array antenna for ETS-VIII applications, "2004 IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, vol. 3 pp.2500-2503

 

Sri SumantyoCJ.T., K. ItoCD. DelaumeCT. TanakaC T. OnishiCand H. Yoshimura [2005], "Numerical analysis of ground plane size effects on patch array antenna characteristics for mobile satellite communications, "Int. J. Numer. Model., vol. 18, no. 2 pp.95-106

 

Sudo, K., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2003a], "Two types of exciting modes in a rectangular-to-radial waveguide transformer as a feeder of radial line slot antennas,," European Microwave Week 2003 pp.935-938

 

Sudo, K., T, Hirano, J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2002a], "Radial line slot antennas fed by a rectangular waveguide through a crossed slot,," ISAP, Yokosuka, 1B4-4, pp. 137-140

 

Sudo, K., T, Hirano, J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2002b], "Excitation of a rotating mode in a radial waveguide by a cross slot-coupled rectangular waveguide,," IEEE AP-S/URSI, Vol.3, pp. 412-415

 

Sudo, K., T, Hirano, J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2003b], "A radial line slot antenna fed by a rectangular waveguide through a crossed slot,," IEICE Trans. Communication, Vol.E86-B, No.10, pp. 3063-3070

 

Sudo, K., J. Hirokawa, M. Ando, and M. Sierra-Castaner [2004a], "Full-model analysis of a radial line slot antenna including the feeder and estimation of the distance between slot pairs in the circular direction,," Proceedings of the 2004 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), 1D2-2, pp.189-192

 

Sudo, K., J. Hirokawa, M. Ando, and M. Sierra-Castaner [2004b], "Full-model analysis of a radial line slot antenna including the feeder and improvement of aperture field uniformity by shift of position of each slot pair in the radial direction,," IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Session:86, Vol.3, pp.2349-2352

 

Sugawara, S., T.Takano, E.Hanayama, and Y.Kami  [2002], "An investigation on the construction method of an ultra-large antenna for space-use" Proc. 23rd ISTS, ISTS 2002-j-12, Matue, Japan, May 26-June 2, 2002.

 

Sugawara, A., T. Takano, E. Hanayama,  and Y. Kami  [2003a], "Investigation on an electrical patching method of a gap between apertures by loading parasitic elements," Trans. of Institute of Electrocnics, Information and Communication Engineers vol.J86-B, No.3, pp.519-526, 2003 (in Japanese).

 

Sugawara, A., Y. Kami, T. Takano, and E. Hanayama  [2003b], "An investigation of the radiation characteristics of an ultra-large antenna for space use" 21st Intnfl Commu. Satellite System Conf. And Exhibit, AIAA 2003-2301, pp.1-4,April 2003.

 

Sugawara, A., and T. Takano [2003c], "Analysis of the radiation characteristics of an ultra-large array antenna consisting of the element apertures for space use" IEEE AP-S Symp, 2003.

 

Suksmono, A.B., Hirose, A., [2003], "Adaptive beamforming by using complex-valued multi layer perceptron," Proc. 2003 International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks / International Conference on Neural Information Processing, pp.959-966

 

Suksmono, A.B., Hirose, A., [2004], "Intelligent beamforming by using a complex-valued neural network," Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems, vol.15, 3-4, pp.139-147

 

Taguchi, M., T. Fujimoto, and K. Tanaka [2002a], gComparison of numerical solutions of hollow cylindrical dipole atnennas,h Proc. of 18th Annual Review of Progress in Applied Computational Electromagnetics, pp.595-600

 

Taguchi, M., R. Nakamura, H. Shimoda, and K. Tanaka [2002b], gRectangular microstrip antenna excited by monopole antenna mounted on finite dielectric substrate,h Proc. of 2002 Interim International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, 2A2-2

 

Taguchi, M., J. Araki, and K.Tanaka [2002c], gSmall-sized Receiving Active Slot Antenna on Rectangular Conductor,h IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.J85-B, No.9, pp. 1572-1574

 

Taguchi, M., Y. Yanagisako, and K. Tanaka [2003], gActive inverted-F antenna on side of small conducting plate,h Proc. of IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, vol. 1, 27.11

 

Taguchi, M., T. Okajima, H. Shimoda, and K. Tanaka [2004a], gShorted rectangular microstrip antenna on dielectric chip for 5.2 GHz wireless LAN,h Proceedings of IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, Vol. 4, pp.3812-3815

 

Taguchi, M., T. Ohashi, and K. Tanaka [2004b], gPlanar dipole antenna within a rectangular parallelepiped cavity for UWB system,h Proceedings of International symposium on antennas and propagation, No. 1B2-2, pp. 73-76

 

Takahashi, T., Y. Konishi, H. Nakaguro and I. Iwase [2002], gA low-cross-polarization design method for dual-polarized patch antennas,h JINA2002-International Symposium on Antennas Vol.1Cpp.431-434

 

Takahashi, T., and I. Chiba [2002], gPerturbational analysis of microstrip antennas with meshed ground planes,h The IEICE Transactions on Communications, vol.E85-B, No.9, pp. 1787-1796

 

Takahashi, T., I. Iwase, H. Nakaguro, H. Miyashita, and Y. Konishi [2003], gA novel design method on low cross-polarization for dual-polarized patch antennas,h The IEICE Transactions on Communications , vol.J86-B, No.9, pp. 1833-1840 (in Japanese)

 

Takahashi, T., I. Iwase, H. Nakaguro, H. Miyashita, and Y. Konishi [2003], gA novel design method on low cross-polarization for dual-polarized patch antennas,h The IEICE Transactions on Communications, vol. J86-BC9Cpp.1833-1840

 

Takahashi, T., Y. Konishi, T. Noguchi, N. Futagawa, and K. Kimura [2004], gPayload configuration study for Quasi Zenith satellite system,h 22nd AIAA International Communications Satellite Systems Conference & Exhibit 2004CAIAA2004-3234

 

Takano, T, S. Kuroda, H. Kobayashi, N. Kawaguch, and E. Hanayama [2001], "Measurement of a large deployable antenna for radio astronomy in space" IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, pp.622-625 July 2001.

 

Takano, T  [2001b], "Development schemes of wireless power transportation in recent Japan" WPT01, Reunion Island, Saint Pierre 14-17 May, 2001.

 

Takano, T, M.Natori, K.Miyoshi, and T.Inoue  [2002a], "Characteristics verification of a deployable onboard antenna of 10 m maximum diameter" Acta Astronautica, vol.51, NO.11, PP.771-778, 2002.

 

Takano, T  [2002b], "Lightwave antennas for inter-satellite communications" IMS-2002 workshop, June 2002.

 

Takano, T,  [2003], "Needs for gigantic antennas for space use and their technical problems" ICATT03, pp.63-67,September,2003.

 

Takano, T, A. Sugawara, and S. Sasaki  [2003c], "System considerations of onboard antennas for SSPS" JUSPSf03, pp.110-117, Kyoto, Uji, Japan, July 3-4,2003.

 

Takano, T, K. Miura, M. Natori, E. Hanayama, T. Inoue, T. Noguchi, N. Miyahara, and H. Nakaguro [2004a], "Deployable antenna with 10-m maximum diameter for space use" IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol.52, No.1, pp.2-11, 2004.

 

Takano, T, N. Kamo, and  A. Sugawara [2004b], "Simplification of microwave transmission antenna on board by reducing the fed elements" SPSf04, July, 2004(poster).

 

Takano, T  [2004c], "Research on the space-tenna configuration in consideration of SPS systems" AP-RASCf04, Qingdao, August, 2004.

 

Takano, T, and A. Thumvichit [2004d], "Ultra-low-profile dipole antenna in a quadruple mode" IEEE AP-S and URSI, p.169, June, 2004.

 

Takano, T, A. Sugawara, and S. Sasaki  [2004e], "System considerations of onboard antennas for SSPS" The Radio Science Bulletin No311, pp.16-20, December, 2004.

 

Takemura N., M. Ohtsuka, I. Chiba, and S. Satou [2002], gAn improved rotating-element electric-field vector method using amplitude and phase of composite field for phased array antennas,h IEICE Trans. Commun.CVol.J85-BCNo.9Cpp.1558-1565 (in Japanese)

 

Takemura N., M. Ohtsuka, H. Miyashita, and S. Makino [2003], gDeterministic subarray feed line adjustment method for array antennas,h 2003 IEEE AP-S Topical Conference on Wireless Communication Technology and NSF Wireless Grantees Workshop, Session9-2

 

Takemura N., H.Miyashita, Udagawa S., I.Chiba, and S. Makino [2004], gSide-lobe reduction of antenna arrays by deterministic subarray feed line adjustment Method,h 2004 IEEE AP-S International Symposium Digest, Session 96-10

 

Tanaka, T,. J. T. Sri Sumantyo., K. Ito, H. Yoshimura, D. Delaume, D. Ishide, K. Ishige, A. Miura, and S. Yamamoto[2004], "Simple satellite tracking patch array antenna for ETS-VIII applications and outdoor experiments using a pseudo satellite+A19, "Proceedings of the 2004 ISAP, vol. 1 pp.369-372

 

Thumvichit, A., Y. Kamata, T. Takano  [2004], "Offset-feed impedance matching of a half-wavelength dipole in proximity to a PEC plane" ISAP04, POS-A-26, pp.961-964, August, 2004.

 

Tsunemitsu, Y., S. Park, J. Hirokawa, M. Ando, Y. Miura, Y. Kazama, and N. Goto [2004a], "Reflection characteristics of center-feed single-layer waveguide arrays,," Proceedings of the 2004 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), 1D2-3, pp.193-196

 

Tsunemitsu, Y., Y. Miura, Y. Kazama, S. Park, J. Hirokawa, M. Ando, and N. Goto [2004b], "Polarization isolation between two center-feed single-layer waveguide arrays arranged side-by-side,," IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Session:86, Vol.3, pp.2380-2383

 

Uo, T., T.Toda, and T.Takano  [2001], "Optimal design of an optical antenna with modified reflectors fed by a parallel beam" Radio Science Conference (AP-RASCf01), D4-2-05, August 1-4, 2001

 

Uo, T., T.Toda, and T.Takano  [2002], "Proposal of a shaped optical antenna realized as a lower order aspheric surface approximation" Trans. of Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, vol.J85-B, No.12, pp.2342-2353, 2002 (in Japanese).

 

Uno, T., A. Hashizuem, and J. Hirose [2002], "Relationship between radiation efficiency and antenna position for nearby human head," Trans. IEICE, vol.1, J85-B, No.5 pp.729-731 (in Japanese)

 

Yamamoto, S., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2002], "A beam switching slot array with a 4-way buttler matrix installed in a single layer post-wall waveguide,," IEEE AP-S/URSI, Vol.1, pp. 138-141

 

Yamamoto, S., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2003a], "A beam switching slot array with a 4-way butler matrix installed in a single layer post-wall waveguide,," IEICE Trans. Commun., Vol. E86-B, No. 5, pp.1653-1659

 

Yamamoto, S., N. Hikono, J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2003b], "A 120-degree beamwidth post-wall waveguide slot array with@a three-way power divider on a single-layer dielectric substrate,," 2003 IEEE Topical Conference on Wireless Communication Technology, Session 23 p.04

 

Yamamoto, S., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2004a], "Power dividing characteristics of a short-slot directional coupler in a single-layer dielectric substrate with air region near the waveguide side walls,," Proceedings of the 2004 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), 4B2-1, pp.1209-1212

 

Yamamoto, S., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2004b], "Length reduction of a short-slot directional coupler in a single-layer dielectric substrate waveguide by removing dielectric near the side walls of the coupler,," IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Session:86, Vol.3, pp.2353-2356

 

Yamamoto, T., M. Takahashi, M. Ando, Y. Yasaka, and N. Ishii [2002], "Plasma production using rotating mode radial line slot antennas with densely arrayed slots fed by a cavity resonator,," IEEE AP-S/URSI, Vol.4, pp. 276-279

 

Yamamoto, Y., K. Sakakibara, N. Kikuma, and H. Hirayama [2004], "Grating lobe suppression of narrow wall slotted waveguide array antenna using post, "Proceedings of 2004 ISAP

 

Yokoo, K., J. Hirokawa, and M. Ando [2002], "A millimeter wave RF module with a gain enhanced microstrip patch antenna by the dielectric cover,," APMC, WEOF-30, Vol. 1, pp. 431-434

 

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