COMMISSION B : Fields and Waves (Nov. '98 - Oct. '01)

Edited by Mitsuo Tateiba



B1. Scattering and Diffraction

The topic scattering and diffraction is a broad and very important subject area covered by URSI Commission B. There has been a great progress during the last three years in developing various solution methods and new results related to this topic. There are a number of simple, canonical two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) targets such as half-planes, strips and slits, wedges, circular and elliptic cylinders, and spheres (see Bowman, J. J., T. B. A. Senior, and P. L. E. Uslenghi, eds., Electromagnetic and Acoustic Scattering by Simple Shapes, Revised Printing, Hemisphere Publishing, New York, 1987). Although significant results were already obtained by the late 1960s, there are still a large number of papers published recently treating these simple 2-D and 3-D obstacles, in which the diffraction phenomena are investigated from various new aspects. In addition, scattering problems involving more complicated geometries have also been analyzed using conventional or newly-developed analytical and numerical methods.

Summarized below is the recent progress in the research carried out in Japan during the three-year period from November 1998 to October 2001 regarding the topic area B1: Scattering and Diffraction. In the following, we have provided a summary of the research related to this topic, which, however, is closely related to all the other topics B2-B8. It is therefore suggested that readers also refer to the results summarized in Sections B2 to B8.

1.1 Canonical Structures
Hongo and Serizawa [1999a] analyzed the diffraction of a plane electromagnetic wave by a perfectly conducting rectangular plate as well as its complementary problem, namely the diffraction by a rectangular aperture in an infinite perfectly conducting plane. The problem is solved using the Kobayashi potential method and the far field scattering characteristics are investigated. They also solved a related acoustic problem using the same technique [Hongo and Serizawa, 1999b]. A circular disk is also a canonical scatterer which has been investigated since long time ago. The scattering of electromagnetic waves from an electric dipole by a perfectly conducting circular disk has been analyzed by Kinoshita et al. [2001] from new aspects using the Kobayashi potential method. The Wiener-Hopf technique is a rigorous approach for solving diffraction problems related to canonical geometries. Shimoda et al. [2001] investigated the diffraction by an impedance wedge using the Wiener-Hopf technique, and expressed the solution in terms of the Maliuzhinets function. Kozaki, Sakurai, and their colleagues investigated the scattering characteristics of the Luneberg lens and related spherical obstacles numerically [Sakurai et al., 1999, 2000a, 2000b; Sakurai, 2001].

The strip is a well known 2-D target and has a long history of investigations on diffraction problems. Veliev, Kobayashi, and their colleagues developed a new analytical-numerical method based on the integral equation formulation and the orthogonal polynomial expansion in conjunction with the Fourier transforms, and solved the plane wave diffraction by an impedance strip [Veliev et al., 1999; Ikiz et al., 2001]. They have also analyzed the plane wave diffraction by a thin material strip using the analytical-numerical method together with approximate boundary conditions [Veliev et al., 2000]. A related technique involving orthogonal polynomials has been applied by Yashiro et al. [2000] to solve rigorously the plane wave diffraction by a perfectly conducting half-plane.

1.2 Cavity Structures
Waveguide cavities are encountered in many important radar targets such as aircrafts and ships, and are of great importance in connection with the prediction and reduction of the radar cross section (RCS). Since this geometry has resonance phenomena in the cavity regions, the analysis is more complicated than classical obstacles. There are a number of papers treating the diffraction involving 2-D and 3-D waveguide cavities. Tadokoro and Hongo [2001] carried out the RCS analysis of a large open-ended circular waveguide cavity with impedance walls using the iterative physical optics algorithm. Sato and Shirai [1999, 2000, 2001a] investigated the RCS of rectangular troughs on an infinite ground plane using the Kobayashi potential method. The RCS of parallel-plate and circular waveguide cavities has been rigorously analyzed by Kobayashi and his colleagues using the Wiener-Hopf technique [Kuryliak et al., 1999, 2001; Koshikawa and Kobayashi, 2000a]. Ohnuki and Hinata [1999] have analyzed the plane wave diffraction by a parallel-plate waveguide cavity numerically using the point matching method.

1.3 Waveguides and Periodic Structures
There are a number of papers treating scattering problems related to waveguides and periodic structures. The Kobayashi potential method has been applied by Serizawa and Hongo [2000, 2001] to the analysis of the radiation from a flanged rectangular waveguide. Okuno, Matsushima, and their colleagues analyzed the plane wave diffraction by a multilayered strip grating with the aid of the integral equation formulation and the moment method [Zinenko et al., 1999; Matsushima et al., 2000]. The scattering and guiding characteristics of inhomogeneous dielectric gratings with surface relief has been analyzed by Yamasaki et al. [2000] using the improved Fourier series expansion and the multilayer method. Yasumoto and Yoshitomi [1999] proposed a new method of calculating the lattice sums for the free-space Greens function, which is useful in analyzing scattering problems involving gratings of infinite extent. Yasumoto and his colleagues analyzed the diffraction by various gratings using this new method and other related numerical methods [Kushta and Yasumoto, 2000; Visnovsky and Yasumoto, 2001; Yasumoto et al., 2001; Watanabe and Yasumoto, 2000a, 2001]. In addition, Motojima et al. [1998] analyzed the diffraction by sinusoidal metallic and dielectric gratings based on the point matching method.

1.4 Novel Analytical and Numerical Methods
Recently there has been an increasing interest in the wavelet theory and its applications to electromagnetic wave problems. Several scattering problems have been investigated using the wavelet-based analysis by Yashiro and his colleagues [Guan et al., 1999; Kigoshi et al., 2000; Guan et al., 2000]. During the last three years, various new solution methods for electromagnetic wave problems have been developed by a number of scientists. Hashimoto [2000a, 2000b] introduced a new description of 2-D electromagnetic waves based on the bicomplex mathematics and discussed its applications to scattering problems at low and high frequency limits. Hosono and Hosono [2000, 2001] developed a new method for solving scattering problems, which is based on the atomic model of a scatterer. This method has been applied to diffraction problems involving circular and rectangular cylinders, and its validity has been discussed. Tokumaru [1998] investigated a geometrical structure of electromagnetic fields in terms of a concept of energy flux densities, and proposed a new description of polarized electromagnetic waves. These results have been applied by Tokumaru and his colleagues to a couple of scattering problems [Nakagawa and Tokumaru, 1999; Kitagawa and Tokumaru, 1999].
(K. Kobayashi)

B2. Inverse Scattering

We can find theoretical improvement in inversion algorithms. New iterative algorithms for the reconstruction of one-dimensional with an edge-preserving regularization was presented by Yoshida et al. [2000]. Harada et al.[2001] presented an efficient reconstruction algorithm in the frequency domain for three-dimensional scattering objects. A non-iterative method for reconstructing the object was also derived and investigated [Ishida et al. 2000]. Tanaka et al. [2000, 2001a] developed a novel method for choosing the optimal regularization parameter used in the Levenberg-Marquardt method, and they applied it to a fast inversion method for imaging of dielectric cylinders [Tanaka and Ogata 2001b]. When the cylinder is lossy, iterative solutions by time-domain data is presented by Takenaka et al. [2000] and Tanakaet al. [1999]. Meng et al. [1999] used a genetic algorithm (GA) approach for reconstruction of the locations and shapes of two-dimensional impenetrable objects from scattered field data, and used it to reconstruct the electrical parameters of a multilayered radome of finite size [Meng et al. 2000]. As more complicated material case, an inverse scattering problem for a stratified bianisotropic slab was considered in the frequency domain by He et al. [1999].

Novel radar sensing technologies were introduced. An imaging method based on the Range-Doppler Interferometry (also known as ISAR) is developed for the imaging of space debris, by Sato [1999]. Meteor storms and showers are now considered as potential hazard in the space environment, and Sato [2000b] developed a special observation scheme using the MU radar of Japan which enables us to determine the orbit of individual meteors. As for passive sensing, a new direction finding method applicable to plasma waves is proposed based on the wave distribution function (WDF). By the proposed method an ill-posed inverse problem was effectively solved [Goto et al. 2001]. Ground penetrating radar (GPR) is a good example of practical use of inverse problem with the combination of radar technologies. As theoretical works, Kudou and Saitou [2000] showed estimation of the unknown permittivity and position of a lossless cylinder buried in a lossy medium, Sanada and Ashida [1999] applied the reverse time migration formulated using FDTD and applied to model with lossless and lossy media. Hayakawa et al.[1998a, 1998b], showed that f-k migration works well for detection of buried pipes with real data sets, and also developed a 3-D imaging algorithm [Hayakawa et al. 2000]. A robust and high-resolution 2-D imaging algorithm is proposed for retrieving the shape of conductive objects embedded in a uniform lossy and dispersive medium by Sato et al. [2000a]. GPR is now used in many applications. Nakauchi et al. [2000] applied to horizontal drilling, Oota et al. [2000] and. Matsuyama et al. [2000] used GPR for concrete evaluation, and identification of subsurface material based on GPR was given by Inagaki [2000]. Zhou and Sato [200][2001] showed that GPR imaging is useful for archaeology. Beside GPR, for deeper subsurface exploration, DC resistivity method is useful. El-Qady and Ushijima [2001] applied this technique and used neural network algorithm for subsurface imaging.

Radar polarimetry will be a useful method for radar imaging. Yang et al. [1998] introduced the idea of optimal polarization state in terms of Stokes vector formulation. Miwa et al. [2000a][2000b] have applied radar polarimetry to borehole radar. As an application of FC-CW Pol SAR, buried objects were seen by polarimetric information Moriyama et al. [1999][2000]. Radar hardware is also developed for more accurate data acquisition. Real-time and fully polarimetric FM-CW radar was developed by Nakamura et al. [2000]. A design of T-bar fed slot antenna is presented for GPR by Wakita et al. [1998] [1999] and its ultra wide-band characteristics was shown by FDTD [Wakita 2001].

For the remote sensing of the Earth, innovative researches have been carried out. Characteristics of the mean pulse response and the pulse-to-pulse correlation coefficient on a simulation of satellite altimeter were evaluated by Fujisaki et al. [1999]. Methods for estimating the ocean wavelength based on the first and second statistics was presented, and the possibility of detecting the ocean wavelength was considered by Fujisaki and Tateiba [2001a]. The efficiency of methods for estimating the ocean wave height was shown to an arbitrary ocean waves model, and methods for estimating the ocean wavelength based on the first and second statistics was presented [Fujisaki and Tateiba 2001b]. CRL and NASDA in Japan are cooperatively operating airborne polarimetric interferometric SAR. This Pi-SAR data was analyzed by Kimura et al. [2000], and Murakami and Sato[2001]. These are also good examples of radar polarimetry
(M. Sato)

B3. Computational Techniques

The computational techniques employed usually in solving EM wave problems can be classified broadly into three classes: finite-difference and finite-element methods; integral equation methods; and modal-expansion methods. Recent progress in these areas will be summarized in the three subsections below. A miscellanea section will follow for works that do not fit in one of the three classes. It is noted that the summary and the references are taken from the material that has been submitted by researchers who wish their works cited here. A great number of articles that are closely related to the computational techniques, hence, may be found in the review of other topic areas in accordance with the authors desire.

3.1 Finite-Difference and Finite-Element Methods
The FD-TD method has been employed in solving a wide range of problems. Here, we summarize the works in this field in the last three years. In most cases the paragraph separates research groups.

Awai and Oda [1998] and Awai et al. [1998] examined the coupling between two resonators and an external Q of a resonator both by employing the FD-TD method. Sanada et al. [1998a, 2000] made full-wave FD-TD analysis of ferrite devices and compared the results with existing theoretical or experimental data. Sanada et al. [1998b], again using the FD-TD method, solved the problem of coaxial-probe insertion in a rectangular waveguide. Okubo et al. [2000a, 2000b, 2000c] gave the results of FD-TD analysis of magnetized YIG or YIG-GGG film microstrip lines. Sanada et al. [1999] solved a similar problem also using the FD-TD method.

Ikuno et al. [2000] described a standard technique for the solution of optical devices using a FD-TD method based on the principles of a multidimensional wave digital filter. Naka and Ikuno [2000a, 2000b, 2001], in their continuous work, examined the propagation characteristics and discontinuity of two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides using the FD-TD method combined with the PML absorbing boundary condition and the multidimensional wave digital filter. Yata et al. [2001] solved the problem of junction between a photonic and a dielectric waveguide and examined the condition to have high coupling efficiency.

Kuroda and Kuroda [1999, 2000, 2001] and Kuroda and Kawano [2001], in their continuous research work, applied the FD-TD method with body-fitted grid generation to solve the problem of scattering by a moving object. Maeda and Tsumagari [2000] discussed the radiation characteristics of a nonlinear dielectric waveguide based on the FD-TD analysis combined with the Z transformation. Fujimoto et al. [1999, 2000] and Okuno et al. [2001a] gave the results of FD-TD analysis of diffractive-optics elements with binary subwavelength structures. Shibasaki et al. [2001] examined the propagation characteristics of a periodically corrugated waveguide using a FD-TD scheme combined with Floquets theorem.

3.2 Integral Equation Methods
In this field a systematic study carried out by Tanaka et al. attracts attention although other researchers have made important and creative contributions.

Tanaka et al. [1998, 1999] and Yoshida et al. [2001] made computer simulation of a 2-D tunneling microscope using a guided-mode extracted integral equation formulation. Tanaka and Tanaka [1998] and Tanaka et al. [2000] made computer simulation of devices in near-field optics using boundary and volume integral equations. Extensive study was done and the results may be found in Tanaka and Tanaka [2001a, 2001b] and in Tanaka et al. [2001]. Takahashi et al. [2000, 2001a] solved the problem of scattering by a honeycomb sandwich structure by a 3-D volume integral equation approach. Takahashi et al. [2001b] gave an evaluation of iterative methods used in solving 3-D volume integral equations.

Matsushima and Sakamoto [2001], introducing a wire model combined with an integral equation formulation, examined the AC resistance and inductance of a transmission line. Shimoda et al. [2000] dealt with transient scattering caused by a time-dependent resistive screen in a waveguide by using the Wiener-Hopf technique. Ohki et al. [2000], employing the boundary-element method combined with the extended boundary condition, solved the problem of scattering of a wave beam by a dielectric rectangular cylinder.

3.3 Modal Expansion Methods
Komatsu et al. employed an improved Fourier-expansion method in solving the problem of diffraction by a lamellar [2000] and a sinusoidal [2001] grating placed in conical mounting. Wakabayashi et al. examined the validity of Galerkins procedure in solving the problem of a surface-relief [1999] and a metallic plane grating [2001] described by a resistive boundary condition making comparison with the results of the Fourier-expansion method.

Matsuda et al. [1999a], Okuno et al. [2001b], and Zhou et al. [2001c] examined the plasmon resonance absorption on the surface of a metallic grating using Yasuuras mode-matching method. Matsuda et al. [1999b], using the same method, gave numerical results for a grating whose surface is corrugated periodically in two directions. Zhou et al. [2001a, 2001b] and Matsuda et al. [2001], having established an efficient way in solving a large-sized least-squares problem, gave diffraction efficiency of multilayer-coated bigratings.

Tomita [1999] and Tomita and Karasawa [2000a, 2000b, 2000c, 2001] examined the coupling efficiency of a directional coupler for dielectric waveguides using the mode-matching method in the sense of least squares (or Yasuuras mode-matching method).

Ikuno et al. [2001] presented a rapid algorithm based on Yasuuras modal expansion technique using arrays of multipoles in addition to the conventional multipoles at the origin.


3.4 Miscellanea
Nishimoto et al. [1998, 2000], using a time-frequency domain analysis based on the wavelet transform, examined the target information and scattering mechanism that were not apparent in time or frequency domain response. Matsunaga et al. [1999, 2001], using the coupled-mode analysis, found the propagation characteristics of various kinds of microstrip lines. Asai et al. [2000, 2001a, 2001b] solved the problem of diffraction by a combined structure consisting of a chiral slab and a periodic array employing a 44 matrix-based analysis. Hayashi [2000] has shown a stable method for solving a linear functional equation that appears in handling the problem of scattering by a hollow pipe of finite length. Ikuno [2000] gave a review on the research trends in computational electromagnetics and stressed that the use of first-order equations in time domain is promising. Tanaka and Iizuka [2001] applied the least-squares method to step frequency-imaging technique.
(Y. Okuno)

B4. High Frequency Techniques

A Fock-type representation of the surface fields has been obtained for the transition region of the circular cylinder with impedance boundary conditions [Hongo et al., 1999]. This current supplements the Physical Optics (PO) current approximation near the transition region. A method of evaluation of the surface fields scattered by an impedance polygonal cylinder has also been developed [Hongo et al., 2001]. The PO currents are corrected by adding the transition currents near the edge, which are determined by solving the canonical impedance wedge problem. A method that uses PO with transition currents has been extended to a three-dimensional (3-D) smooth convex impedance surface [Kobayashi et al., 2000]. While, the Physical Theory of Diffraction (PTD) with transition currents is applied to the fields diffracted by obstacles with edges [Hongo et al., 2000a]. Edge and transition currents are borrowed from the solution of canonical problems. Also, the expressions for the surface fields of curved impedance wedge have been derived by applying the theories of Fock for curved surface and Maliuzhinets for impedance wedge [Hongo et al., 2000b]. In addition, the scattering from a thin rectangular plate of a perfect conductor illuminated by an electromagnetic plane wave at glancing incidence has been studied using a formula derived by the method of the Kobayashi potential, which is a form of Weber-Schafheitlin discontinuous integrals [Serizawa et al., 2001]. Numerical results for the current density distribution and far-field pattern are presented. The RCS calculation software system has been developed, which contains the transition currents [Kobayashi et al., 1999].

The equivalence between Aperture Field Integration Method (AFIM) and Physical Optics (PO) has been discussed for polyhedron surface [Cui et al., 1998], [Cui et al., 1999]. The importance of the exact expressions for both incident and reflected fields in constructing equivalent surface currents is emphasized. The equivalent edge currents (EECs) for AFIM are used to extract the mechanism of the equivalence between AFIM and PO. Also, mathematical proof for the EECs for PO (POEECs) has been given for plane wave incidence and the observer in far zone [Cui et al., 2000]. POEECs have been extended to those for impedance plates. Meanwhile, a novel approach for asymptotic reduction of PO integration has been proposed for two-dimensional line source diffraction from a half-sheet [Sakina et al., 2000]. Field equivalence principle provides alternative integration surfaces not on the original half-sheet but on the geometrical shadow and reflection boundaries, where analytical integration leads us to well known Fresnel-type uniform PO (UPO) diffraction coefficients. Furthermore, the mathematical derivation of Modified Edge Representation (MER) empirically proposed is investigated in [Sakina et al., 2001a] by using Stokes theorem. It proves remarkable applicability of MER. Also, the novel line integral representation for PO diffracted fields has been derived [Sakina et al., 2001b], which has a high accuracy even near zone.

A random-phase-assisted ray-tracing computer code for predicting spatio-temporal-wireless channel parameters has been presented [Zhu et al. 2001a]. A two dimensional-three dimensional (2D-3D) hybrid ray-tracing algorithm is implemented in code for the prediction of channel parameters in outdoor micro- and pico-cellular urban environments. It was found that measured fluctuation of path loss and delay profiles are almost fully confined within the 90% confidence interval. The conventional verification of path loss and delay profiles predicted by ray-tracing is extended to include the verification of angle of arrival [Zhu et al., 2001b]. The spetio-temporal channel impulse response is also transformed to have limited bandwidth and limited beam-width characteristics [Zhu et al., 2001c]. While, an adaptive Shooting and Bouncing Ray (SBR) technique has been used to predict the field strength map [Shirai, 1999a]. A bundle of rays will be shot from a transmitted antenna, then each ray is traced until it decreases to a certain field strength level. This technique considers the field interaction between multiple scattered rays, so that the interference pattern may be generated. Edge diffracted rays are also included to fill the map in the deep shadow region [Watanabe, 2001].

An E-polarized electromagnetic plane wave scattering by a staggered finite parallel plate waveguide cavity has been analyzed by the Equivalent Source Method (ESM), which is one of the powerful high-frequency asymptotic methods [Shirai et al., 1999b]. The ESM is a modified version of the Geometrical Theory of Diffraction (GTD) and it can be easily used for accounting multiple edge diffracted waves. Numerical calculations are performed for the RCS and the results are then compared with the other method and measurements. Good agreement has been observed between them. An electromagnetic wave scattering by a material loaded rectangular trough on a ground plane has been approximately analyzed by using standard impedance boundary condition (SIBC). The validity of the derived approximate solution is examined by comparing with the rigorous one [Sato et al., 2001]. An applicability condition has been clarified. The ESM described above has been applied to predict the electromagnetic wave scattering fields from automobile models [Shirai et al., 2000]. Good agreements between the theoretical values and the simulation measurements have been obtained.

The modified UTD (uniform GTD) solution has been derived for the asymptotic analysis of the diffracted fields in the transition region and shadow region of a perfectly conducting convex cylinder [Ishihara et al., 2000]. The validity of the modified UTD solution is assessed by numerical comparisons with the exact solution. Also the asymptotic representations for the scattering of the fields by the cylindrically curved open surfaces have been derived [Ishihara et al., 1998], [Goto et al., 2000a]. It has been shown that the asymptotic solutions agree excellently with the numerical solution calculated from the method of moments (MoM) and the measurements. A uniform physical optics solution (UPO) has also been derived for the scattered fields by the cylindrically curved surface with edges [Goto et al., 1998]. By applying the saddle point technique to evaluate the inverse Fourier transform, the time-domain uniform asymptotic solution (time-domain UTD) has been derived for the scattered fields by the cylindrically curved open surfaces [Goto et al., 2000b], [Ishihara et at al., 2001]. Also, a uniform asymptotic solution for the scattered fields when the electromagnetic wave is incident on the plane dielectric interface has been derived [Ishihara et al., 1999]. The solution uniformly approaches the conventional totally reflected ray and lateral wave as the observation points move away from the transition region.

The plane wave diffraction by a thin material strip has been analyzed by the Wiener-Hopf technique together with approximate boundary conditions [Koshikawa et al., 2000b]. Assuming that the thickness of the material strip is small compared with the wavelength, the strip is replaced by a strip of zero thickness satisfying the second order impedance boundary conditions. The resulting diffraction problem is analyzed by the Wiener-Hopf technique. The problem is formulated in terms of a Wiener-Hopf equation, which is solved by the factorization and decomposition procedure leading to a high-frequency asymptotic solution. The final solution is valid for the case where the thickness and the width of the strip are small and large compared with the wavelength, respectively. The results obtained are regarded as a reference solution to a canonical problem. The plane wave diffraction by a finite parallel-plate waveguide with three-layer material loading has also been analyzed using the Wiener-Hopf technique [Okada et al., 2001a], [Okada et al., 2001b]. The problems is formulated in terms of the simultaneous Wiener-Hopf equations, which are solved asymptotically for the case where the length of the waveguide plates is large compared with the wavelength. Numerical examples of the radar cross section (RCS) are presented and the far field backscattering characteristics are discussed.
(T. Ishihara)

B5. Transient Fields

5.1 Scattering and Diffraction
In electromagnetic wave scattering by dielectric objects, several scattering mechanisms contribute to the scattering responses. The research has progressed in the numerical study of the scattering data by using Wavelet Transforms(WT), and the Finite-Difference Time-Domain(FDTD) method combined with a general Perfectly Matched Layer(PML) absorbing boundary.
Nishimoto and Ikuno [2001] have analyzed the scattering responses from a dielectric sphere in the time-frequency domain by using two types of WTs. The advantage of the use of these two types WTs is that the different multi-resolution characteristics are available and the information that are not apparent in time or frequency domain analysis can be extracted from the responses.
Sato et al. [2000] have proposed a PML-based absorbing boundary condition for dispersive and anisotropic medium by using FDTD method.
Kobayashi et al. [2001] have investigated the transient scattering of a Gaussian pulse by a conducting rectangular cylinder with an open side-wall by using FDTD method.
Itoh and Hosono [2001] have studied the scattering from a plasma sphere by using the fast inversion of Laplace transform method (FILT) .

5.2 EMP/EM Coupling Effects
Wu and Awi [2000] have investigated the several types of coplanar waveguide (CPW) resonator by use of the field decay method based on the FDTD algorithm for numerically and experimentally.
Iida [1998] has proposed a new method for computing the external Q and unloaded Q of a resonator in the time domain using FDTD method, and has also reported the effects of the arrangement types and coarseness of the FDTD grid on the external Q.
Balasubramanan and Miyazaki [1998] have proposed a thin-film waveguide amplifier based on Erdoped Garnet crystals. Therefore very short signal pulse of nano- and pico-second duration are amplified without change in the pulse shapes.

5.3 Antennas
Nishioka et al. [1999] have analyzed the resistor-loaded bow-tie antenna, which is covered with the rectangular metallic cavity of which inner walls are coated partially or fully with the frequency dependent ferrite absorber by using a fully three-dimensional FDTD method.

5.4 Guided Waves and Propagation
Shimoda et al. [1999] have developed the Wiener-Hopf technique to the time domain analysis for transient phenomena of electromagnetic waves caused by the abrupt extinction of the interior terminative conducting screen in the waveguide applying the variable transformation for Fourier inverse transform obtained.
Shimasaki et al. [1998] have described a new approach for analyzing nonlinear characteristics of the magnetization and magnetic field vectors using FDTD method. Therefore under high power operation in time domain, it seems to take an importance not only for developing new devices of ferrites but also for nonreciprocal devices like isolators. Kodera et al. [2000] also applied the same method to the analysis of the magnetostatic wave in ferrite materials including the nonlinear effects of the input power on the propagation pulse.
Kawabata and Yoshida [1998] have proposed the condensed node expression in the Spatial Network Method (SNM) for vector potential, and its advantages and validity are presented in the gyro-anisotropic medium such as magnetized plasma.
Shibata et al.[2001] have proposed a method for estimating complex permittivity of a material using a rectangular waveguide with a flange by using FDTD method.
Arima and Uno [1998] have proposed the recursive convolution approach and later piecewise linear recursive convolution approach for analyzing the electromagnetic propagation through linear dispersive materials by using FDTD method.

5.5 Numerical Techniques
In the FDTD method, it has been a problem for the numerical dispersion. So Suzuki et al. [2000] have proposed a method in the which can reduce the numerical dispersion for the nonisotropic mesh as well as the isotropic case by modifying anisotropically the speed of light. As a numerical results ,the method was applied to a non-uniform mesh in two-dimensional space.
Ichige and Arai [2001] have proposed the novel concept of a 2-D FDTD formulation, mainly based on the mid-point finite-difference approximation wave equation, and partially based on the trapezoid and parabolic methods.
(T. Yamasaki)

B6. Waves in Random, Inhomogeneous, Nonlinear and Complex Media

6.1 Wave Propagation in Random Media
Matsuoka and Tateiba [1999; 2000a] deal with the scattering from a layer containing randomly distributed particles of high dielectric constant. The dense media radiative transfer equation is solved to get the scattering cross sections, which largely depend on the methods estimating the effective dielectric constant of the random media [Matsuoka and Tateiba 2000b; Tateiba and Matsuoka 2001].
Kawanishi et al. [1999b] predict the conjugate memory effect caused by the interference of a complex-conjugate pair of scattering processes in a random media.
Okamura [1998] experimentally demonstrated that enhanced backscattering is observed without statistical averaging by use of low coherent light. Depth profiles of random media made up of binary and ternary suspensions are estimated from measured enhanced backscattering of light [Okamura et al., 1999; Okamura and Yamamoto 2000].
On the other hand, Komiyama discussed localization and density of propagation modes in several disordered waveguide systems numerically and analytically [Komiyama, 1998; 2000a; 200b; 2001; Komiyama and Tokimoto, 2000].

6.2 Enviromental Propagation.
Wave scattering from a conducting body surrounded by continuous random media is studied by use of a current generator. Series expressions of the current generator are derived for TE and TM cases [Tateiba and Meng, 1999]. Bistatic cross sections of a conducting circular cylinder and concave-convex cylinder are calculated to clarify the effects of random media [Meng et al., 2000a; 2000b; Meng and Tateiba 2000; 2001; El-Ocla and Tateiba 1998; 2000a; 200b], where effects of the spatial coherence length of the incident wave on the normalized RCS are discussed. Some anomalous increases in the normalized RCS are found for H-wave incidence [El-Ocla and Tateiba 2001a; 2001b; 2001c].
The effects of atmosphere and ionosphere turbulence on a microwave beam propagation are studied for satellite communication. Using spot dancing model, Yamada et al. [1999; 2001] evaluate bit error rate, which is found to increase at low elevation angle due to atmosphere turbulence.

6.3 Nonlinear Electromagnetics and Nonlinear Media
Yokota et al. [1998] formulate the second-harmonic generation in nonlinear grating coupler by a singular perturbation method. Yokota [2000] deals with propagation of light through a photo refractive nonlinear slab.
Numerical method is developed for analyzing the propagation of light in a nonlinear optical wave guide. Using a finite element beam propagation method (FE-BPM) , spatial soliton emission and soliton couplers are investigated [Yasui et al. 1999]. Second harmonic generation devices with triangular and semi-circular domain inversion profiles and conversion efficiency are analyzed [Yasui and Koshiba, 2000a; 2000b; 2001].

6.4 Rough Surface Scattering
By a stochastic functional approach, Kawanishi studied Brewster's scattering angle, which depends on the loss of dielectrics but does not exist in case of rough metal surface [Kawanishi and Izutsu 1999; Kawanishi 2000a; 2000b; 2000c]. Kawanishi et al. [1999a] measured the light scattering from dielectric random surfaces and confirmed the existence of the quasi-anomalous scattering and Brewster's scattering angle. Tamura and Nakayama [1999] obtain solutions of the nonlinear integral equation for the mass operator representing multiple scattering effects. Gao and Nakayama [1999] and Hattori et al. [2001] discussed wave scattering from periodic random surfaces. Nakayama [2000a; 200b] propose the periodic Fourier transform as a new method of analyzing the wave scattering from finite periodic rough surface.
Finite volume time domain method was formulated for numerically analyzing the wave scattering from various types of rough surfaces [Yoon et al., 1999], and was successfully applied to scattering from random dielectric surfaces at low grazing angle of incidence [Yoon et al., 2000a; 2000b; 2000c]. Yoon et al. [2001] introduced ray tracing analysis to obtain delay time spread for a building like rough surface. The boundary-element method is applied to the wave scattering from a randomly rough cylinder surface to get the angular distributions of the coherent and incoherent components [Arita and Kojima, 2000; Kojima and Arita, 2000]

6.5 Anisotropic Media
Numerical methods of analyzing waves in anisotropic optical waveguides were developed extensively. Koshiba et al. [1999] developed a full-wave finite-element method (FEM) to investigate the frequency dispersion of microwave propagation in broad-band Mach-Zehnder optical modulator. Saitoh et al. [1999b] applied FEM to determine the distribution of thermal strain, in terms of which strain-induced optical waveguides were investigated. An integrated acoustooptic tunable filters on a piezoelectric substrate and strain-induced polarization mode converters are also investigated by Saitoh et al. [1999a; 1999c]. Tsuji et al. [1999] formulated a finite element beam propagation method (FE-BPM), which was applied to an anisotropic planar waveguide and a magnetooptic channel waveguide. Saitoh and Koshiba [2001a; 2001b] studied Gaussian beam excitation on anisotropic optical waveguide by a full-vector FE-BPM and by an approximate scalar FE-BPM.

6.6 Chiral, Bi-isotropic and Bi-anisotropic Media
Scattering of a Hermite-Gaussian beam field from chiral cylinder [Yokota and Kai [2001] and chiral sphere [Yokota et al. 2001] was studied by the complex-source-method to obtain the effective dielectric constant. However, Kusunoki [1998] formulates scattering by a chiral coated dielectric cylinder using the FDTD method, where time variation of the polarization conversion is presented for the Gaussian pulse wave.
Diffraction by chiral or bianisotropic gratings is analyzed by a 44 matrix-based method. A uniaxial chiral slab with a plane metallic grating, a plane metallic grating in a planar-stratified bianisotropic medium and other structures are considered [Asai et al. 2000a; 2000b; 2001; Asai and Yamakita 2001]. On the other hand, Kunishi et al. [1999] applied the finite element method to the diffraction by a chiral slab with periodically deformed surface, where parameters to generate circularly polarized wave were presented.
Inverse problem is studied by use of Levenberg-Marguardt-Morrsion method. It is numerically demonstrated that chiral parameters can be determined from frequency response or time response of transmission and reflection in case of a stratified chiral slab [Kusunoki, 2000;Kusunoki and Tanaka, 1999].
On the other hand, Nanbu et al. [2000a; 2000b] deal with random media containing randomly distributed chiral particles by multiple scattering method and obtain the effective constitutive parameters, which are much better than those from the Maxwell-Garnett method [Nanbu et al. 2001a; 2001b; 2001c; 2001d].

6.7 Other Complex Media
Light-beam scattering from a three dimensional MO (magneto-optical) disk structure was studied numerically [Kobayashi et al. 2000]. By FDTD method, the scattering pattern from a recording bit was analyzed [He et al, 1998; Kobayashi et al. 2001]. Hotta et al. [2001] applied the frequency dependent FDTD method to analyze the scattering from Au or Al pregroove layer. Fukai et al. [2000] deal with a four-layer structure of a phase-change optical disk to obtain how scattering patterns change before and after recording.
(J. Nakayama)

B7. Guided Waves

7.1 Non Planar Waveguides
Rigorous and efficient methods based on the Fourier transform technique have been proposed for characterizing rectangular waveguide junctions [Jia, H. et al., 1998 and 1999a] and a rectangular groove waveguide [Jia, H. et al., 1999b], and also they have been improved by adding modified perfectly matched boundary to analyze open waveguide structures [Jia, H. et al., 2000], such as an inset dielectric guide [Jia, H. et al., 2001]. A coupled-mode equation has been successfully applied to the analysis for NRD-guide coupler [Watanabe, K. and K. Yasumoto, 1999], and radio wave propagation through modified T-junction in two-dimensional tunnel has been analyzed by the finite volume time domain method (FVTD) [Han, K. K. and K. Yasumoto, 1999].
The characteristics of a Cherenkov laser have been investigated for several types of waveguides: a step-wised taper dielectric waveguide [Hirata, A. et al., 1998], a plasma-filled waveguide [Thumvongskul, T. et al., 2000], a dielectric waveguide with a DBR [Hirata, A. and T. Shiozawa, 2000] and a waveguide filled with a inhomogeneous and lossy background plasma [Thumvongskul, T. and T. Shiozawa, 2001].
Zaginaylov, G. A. et al. [2000] have investigated the dispersion characteristics of the rectangular waveguide grating analyzed by the singular integral equation method, and Thumvongskul, T. et al. [1999] have investigated the growth and saturation characteristics of the EM wave in a Smith-Purcell free-electron laser with a Bragg cavity.
On the other hand, Tsuji, M. and H. Shigesawa [2001] have investigated a ridge effect on complex propagation constant of a stub-loaded rectangular waveguide by using the modified mode-matching method, and Hsu, J. P. et al. [2000] have derived the equivalent circuit consisting of multi-transmission lines and multi-port ideal transformers for the rectangular-waveguide H-plane discontinuity.

7.2 Planar and Quasi-Planar Waveguides
Tsuji et al. have discovered various leakage phenomena on printed-circuit transmission; a surface-wave-like leaky modes [Tsuji, M. et al., 1999a], a higher-order leaky mode [Tsuji, M. et al., 2000], a simultaneous propagation between the bound and leaky modes [Tsuji, M. and H. Shigesawa, 2000b], and a quasi-bound mode [modes [Tsuji, M. et al., 1999b, and Shigesawa, H. and M. Tsuji, 2000]. Furthermore, Tsuji, M. and H. Shigesawa [2000a] have found out a mode extinction effect on microstrip lines when the thickness of a conductor with loss is decreased.
On the other hand, a coupled-mode equation has been successfully applied to the analyses for coupled microstrip lines [Watanabe, K. and K. Yasumoto, 2000b], and microstrip lines on ferrite substrates [Matsunaga, M. and K. Yasumoto, 2000]. Hsu, J. P. et al. [1999] have derived the Foster-type equivalent circuit for a strip line right-angle bend with slant-wise corner cut..

7.3 Dielectric and Optical Waveguides
Koshiba et al. have successfully applied a finite element beam-propagation method to the analysis of optical circuits [Yoneta, S. et al., 1999a and 1999b] and then have improved it by adding perfectly matched layer boundary conditions for analyzing 3-D optical waveguides [Koshiba, M. et al., 1999, and Tsuji, Y. and M. Koshiba, 2000b]. Tsuji, Y. and M. Koshiba [1998 and 2000a] have proposed a adaptive mesh generation for the full-wave finite-element analysis of optical waveguides, and also Tsuji, Y. and M. Koshiba [2000c] have presented an imaginary distance beam propagation method based on finite element scheme for analyzing the guideded and leaky modes of lossy optical waveguides.
On the other hand, a combined method of the BPM and the MEPM has been proposed for analyzing a bidirectional optical beam.[Hayata, K. et al., 1998], and also a time domain beam propagation method based on a finite element scheme has been applied to the analyses of optical circuits [Hikari, M., 1998], and photonic crystal circuits [Koshiba, M. et al., 2000].
Shiraishi et al have investigated the efficient coupling between the single-mode fiber and the laser diode by using several types of GI fibers; a parabolic-index fiber tip [Shiraishi, K. et al., 1998], a hemispherically-ended GI fiber [Shiraishi, K. and S. Kuroo, 2000], a GI oval-core fiber [Ogura, A. and K. Shiraishi, 2001], a silica GIO fiber with a highly elliptic core [Ogura, A. et al., 2001], and a wedge-shaped GI fiber [Yoda, H. et al., 2001].
Yasumoto, K. et al. [1999a] have presented a numerical approach for transition problems in optical waveguides, by using the Fourier series expansion method with the PML boundary condition, and also Yasumoto, K. et al. [1999b] have presented a numerical approach for three-dimensional optical waveguides using periodic boundary conditions.
Watanabe, K. et al. [2000] have performed an accurate coupled-mode analysis of a grating-assisted directional coupler with help of the singular perturbation technique and also Xu, S. et al. [1999] have analyzed the radiation effect for the quasi-periodic multi-layer planar dielectric grating by means of the multimode network theory with the mode-matching method.
Jia. H, et al. [2001] have proposed a fast and efficient method for analyzing an inset dielectric guide with help of the Fourier transform technique with a modified perfectly matched boundary.
The finite difference beam propagation method (FDBPM) has been successfully applied to design various optical circuits consisting linear and/or nonlinear materials: a Y branch [Yabu, T. et al., 2001], a three branch [Yabu, T. et al., 1999], a self-switch [Pramono, Y. H. et al., 1999], logic gates [Pramono, Y. H. et al., 2000], and a power limiter [Kitamura, T. et al., 2001a]. An optically controlled nonlinear directional coupler has been analyzed by the coupled mode theory [Rawat, B. S. et al., 1999]. Furthermore, applying a FD-BPM, Asama, K. et al. [2000] examined the effect of wall roughness of an optical waveguide and Kurokawa, H. et al. [2001] presented a basic design of a Y-branch optical waveguide with a reflecting surface.

7.4 Resonant Modes
Kitamura et al. have investigated three different types of filters consisting of various planar-circuit resonators by using the FDTD method. One of them is a dual plane comb-line filter of conductor-backed coplanar waveguide [Kitamura, T. et al., 2001b]. The others are a slot coupled microstrip filter [Murata, M. et al., 2001] and a triplate strip resonator with a loading capacitor [Kitamura, T. et al. 1998].
Kogami et al. have performed various investigations employing the whispering-gallery mode on a millimeter-wave dielectric disk resonator: a dielectric measurement [Kogami, Y. et al., 2001a], a bandpass filter [Kogami, Y. et al., 2001b], a temperature characteristic measurement [Kogami, Y. and K. Matsumura, 2000], and an analysis by the point matching method [Tomabechi, Y. et al., 2001].

7.5 Miscellaneous
Koshiba, M. and Y. Tsuji [2000] have proposed a unified approach using curvilinear hybrid edge/nodal elements with triangular shape for guided problems, and also Koshiba, M. et al. [2001] have newly developed a high-performance absorbing boundary conditions for photonic crystal waveguide simulations.
(M. Tsuji)

B8. Antenna Theory and Analysis

A problem of a finite gap of a cylindrical dipole antenna has been still given attention and Wu et al. [1999] analyzed the above problem using Hallen type integral equation, instead of Pocklington type. Full wave analysis on monopole antenna with conducting flat disc over the earth was conducted by the same research group and Yuasa et al. [1999] presented useful result to design this kind of antennas. Miyashita et al. [1999a] also presented a useful formula using a product of far field patterns for evaluating antenna coupling. As a figure of merit of a small antenna, Ida [2001b] proposed the efficiency-fractional bandwidth product [EB] and discussed the effectiveness of EB. Some extensive analysis results of complex antennas were reported. Maruyama et al. [1999] showed the transient EM field of a multi-sector monopole Yagi-Uda array antenna. A full wave analysis of a radial slot antenna based on a rigorous model was also carried out by Yamamoto et al. [1999].

8.2 Antenna Elements
Various antenna elements were developed and designed to achieve both electrical and mechanical system requirements or to enhance performances by modifying the original configurations, although these elements can be principally categorized to conventional antennas, such as wire antennas, slot antennas or microstrip antennas.
Size reduction of antennas is always important for system designers and some proposals for small antennas compatible with other requirements, such as wide bandwidth, circular polarization and so forth. Small circular polarization antennas were presented by Nebiya et al. [1999] and Tajima et al. [2000]. Small or low profile antennas with wide bandwidth were reported by Noguchi et al. [1999], and Taguchi et al. [2000a], [2000b].
Circular polarization antennas with simple feeding mechanism were also proposed by Hirose et al. [2000], Nakamura and Honjo [2001], and Hirose and Wada [2001]. Kawano and Nakano[2000] reported circular polarization array with C shape parasitic elements in front of a grid array.
From the view point of applications, antennas for rectennas were presented by Miura et al. [1999], Fujino and Mizuguchi[2001] and Syahrial et al. [2001], and those for ground penetrating radars were presented by Wakita et al. [2000], Miwa et al. [2000] and Nishioka and Uno [2000]. Beam tilt antennas for mobile communications by impedance loading were reported by Tanaka et al. [1999], [2001]. A leaky-wave antenna consisting of an image NRD guide was proposed by Yamamoto and Itoh [2000] and investigated by Chirwa and et al. [2000]. A linear high directivity antenna by a slot array was also investigated by Yamamoto et al. [2000a], [2000b]. A self-diplexing antenna using a patch antenna with a hole was also practical and reported by Rikuta and Arai [2000]. Basic researches on patch antennas were continued and Fujimoto, T. et al. [1999], [2000] presented the formulation of the wall admittance of a circular patch and the analysis of an elliptical patch with a circular slot, respectively.

8.3 Array and Adaptive Array
In the field of phased arrays, techniques for precisely adjusting or diagnosing hardware were developed. Ohtsuka et al. [1999] proposed analysis methods of beam direction accuracy in monopulse phased array antenna and Yonezawa et al. [1999] proposed the beam correction method for a deployable phased array antenna.
Researches and developments on adaptive antennas greatly advanced in this period and many interesting papers were published. Now, adaptive antennas seem to be required to realize and enhance the next generation mobile systems. A new trend in adaptive antennas is to develop the hardwares. Okamura et al. [1999] proposed the real-time calibration method of weights for transmitting digital beam forming. Nishimori et al. [2001a], [2001b] showed other novel calibrating method for a transmitting beam. Obayashi et al. [2001] realized a hardware of an adaptively steering beam antenna using IF local signal phase shifters. Ohira and Gyoda [2000] presented a compact steerable beam antenna called ESPAR.
Some application proposals to enhance wireless systems were presented by Matsuoka et al. [1999], Nishimori et al. [2000], Sekiguchi and Karasawa [2000] and Hirata et al. [2001]. Proposals for improving algorithm were also reported by Kasami et al. [2001], Fujimoto, M. et al. [1999], [2000] and Okamura et al. [2000]. Since space-temporal adaptive equalizations are effective in multi-path environments such as encountered in mobile communications, new configurations were proposed by Takatori et al. [2000], Denno and Ohira [2001] and Ichikawa et al. [2001].

8.4 Reflectors, Lenses and Radomes
Satellite-borne antennas are required to have high performances in both electrical and mechanical aspects. Naito et al. [1998] presented a novel patterning method of polarization grids on a curved reflector surface. Influences due to pillow deformation of a mesh reflector were analyzed by Kurihara et al. [1998]. A new shaped beam design using plane wave synthesis was developed by Aoki et al. [1999c] and they applied their method to a horn-reflector antenna on board. Feeding networks designs for scanning beam reflector antennas or multi-beam antennas were presented by some authors, Kira et al. [1999], Kira and Hori [2001] and Tokunaga et al. [1999], [2000]. Compatibility of high cross-polarization discrimination and arbitrary aperture distribution can be said to be ideal goal in an off-set reflector antenna design and Aoki et al. showed a novel design method using geometrical optics [1999a],[1999b] and Furuno et al. [2000] developed more rigorous design method taking into account EM wave propagation phenomena. As for a beam-waveguide design, Miyahara et al. [1999] investigated the influence of the displacement of the beam-waveguide mirrors to the aperture distribution of a main reflector. Interesting reports were presented concerning lens antennas, one of which is a plate Luneberg lens with the permittivity distribution controlled by hole density by Sato and Ujiie [2001] and the other is a film Fresnel lens antenna for applying to a large radio telescope by Ujihara et al. [2001]. Influences of a radome to the wide angle radiation pattern were investigated by Deguchi et al. [2000] and the degradation of DBS reception antennas due to snow fall were measured by Hu et al. [1999].

8.5 Millimeter-wave Antennas and Optical Antennas
Researches on millimeter wave antennas and optical technologies related antennas are increasing for applying to vehicle radar systems, wireless LANs (Local Area Network) and broad band wireless access systems.
Kobayashi and Yasuoka [1999a], [1999b], [1999c] presented receiving properties of a slot antenna and an extended hemispherical lens coupled slot antenna at 94GHz. Sakakibara et al. [2001] developed a millimeter-wave slotted waveguide array for automobile radar systems. Array antennas controlled by an optical signal processing were reported by Akiyama et al. [2001a], [2001b] and a technology for an adaptive antenna control from a remote station through optical transmission were presented by Seto et al. [2001].

8.6 Mobile Antennas
Owing to the growth of mobile communication services, researches and developments on mobile communication antennas have been increasing. As for the mobile terminal antennas, Kumon and Tsukiji proposed double folded monopole antennas [1998] and a Z-shaped modified transmission line antenna[2000]. Kim et al. [2001] presented a folded loop antenna, which can reduce the induced current on the hand-set case. Sasamori [2001] developed a normal mode helical antenna with matching circuit composed of a sleeve and an inductor. A loop antenna for a wrist-watch phone is presented by Saito et al. [2001] and they compared the characteristics of the loop to a PIFA or a normal mode helical. Amano et al. [1999] developed a duel band internal hand-set antenna using a quarter-wavelength shorted microstrip antenna with a slot. Extensive analyses of the diversity characteristics were carried out for the hand-set phone. Odachi et al. [2001] cleared the terminating impedance condition to enhance the diversity reception characteristics and Sekine et al. [2001] presented the method to reduce the coupling between diversity antenna elements. Meksamoot et al. [2001] presented the analysis results of polarization diversity for a hand-set phone using PIFAs. Coupling between a hand-set antenna and a strip line inside the hand-set box were quantitatively analyzed by Fukasawa et al. [2000]. Performances of hand-set antennas considering a human body were investigated by Ogawa and Takada at 800MHz [2000] and Ogawa et al. at 150MHz [2001]. Saito et al. [2000] measured and evaluated the change of radiation pattern due to a human body.
As for base station antennas, some multi-frequency operation antennas were developed. Kijima et al. [1999] presented a duel frequency base station antenna and Fukasawa et al. [2001] presented a triple-bands array antenna for cellular base stations. Miyashita et al. [1999] presented a rigorous analysis of an electromagnetically coupled coaxial dipole array and Cho et al. [2001] reported a linear array antenna with a bidirectional radiation pattern for PHS.
Extensive measurement results of a polarization diversity antenna for cellular base stations were reported by Nakano et al. [2000].
In addition to cellular mobile systems, wireless LAN systems are becoming important for access links to personal terminals. Seki and Hori [2001] developed a multi-sector antenna with self-selecting switch circuit for a wireless LAN terminal. Cheng et al. [2001] proposed a beamforming antenna controlled by reactance load, which is named ESPAR.

8.7 Measurement
A new measurement technology is sometimes required to assure the precise characteristics of antennas. Ida et al. developed an accurate method of measuring low value of an input resistance [1999] and a method of reducing a drift error of a network analyzer at a measurement of a small antenna [2001a]. Nishizawa et al. [2000] developed a precise far field pattern measurement method eliminating the reflections of the antenna surroundings. Superresolution techniques are also important in the field of antenna measurement, and Hirata et al. [1999], Okamura et al. [1999a] contributed to improve measurement performances and Nakazawa et al. [2001] presented measurement method of a direction of arrival using a nonuniform array.
(K. Kagoshima)

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Han, K. K., and K. Yasumoto[1999], "FVTD analysis of propagation of radio waves through modified T-junctions in two-dimensional tunnel," Trans. IEICE, vol.E82-B, 5, pp.780-784

Harada, H., M. Tanaka, T. Takenaka [2001], "mage reconstruction of a three-dimensional dielectric object using a gradient-based optimization," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 29, 5, pp. 332-336

Hashimoto, M. [2000a], "Bicomplex waves in electromagnetic scattering and diffraction problems," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E83-C, 2, pp. 236-247

Hashimoto, M. [2000b], "Bicomplex electromagnetic waves in scattering and diffraction problems," Proc. 2000 International Workshop on Direct and Inverse Electromagnetic Scattering, pp. 1.29-1.38

Hattori, K., J. Nakayama, and H. Matsuoka, [2001], "Wave scattering from a periodic random surface generated by a stationary binary sequence," Waves Random Media , vol.11, 1, pp. 1-20

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Hayakawa H., Nadamoto A. and Uesaka S. [2000], "3D radar imaging of buried objects using arbitrary scanning GPR," Proc. 8th Int. Conf. on Ground Penetrating Radar, pp.273-276

Hayashi, Y. [2000], "New method to solve a linear functional equation and improved Schmidt's orthonormalization, with their application to analyze scattering by a hollow pipe of finite length," Proc. 2000 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, vol.2, pp. 839-842

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Hiraki, M., M. Koshiba, and Y. Tuji[1998], "A time domain beam propagation method based on a finite element scheme," Trans. IEICE, vol.J81-C-I, 12, pp.667-673 (in Japanese)

Hirata, A. and T. Shiozawa [2000], "Nonlinear analysis of DBR Cherenkov laser via particle simulation," Trans. IEICE, vol.E83-C, 12, pp.1917-1922

Hirata, A., Y. Yuse, and T. Shiozawa [1998], "Efficiency enhancement in a Cherenkov laser by a proper variation of dielectric thickness," Trans. IEICE, vol.E81-C, 11, pp.1764-1765

Hirata, K., T. Kirimoto, S. Mano [1999] "Computation algorithm for DOA evaluation function of MUSIC algorithm in circular array antennas," Trans. IEICE, vol. J82-B, 5, pp.1046-1052 (in Japanese)

Hirata, K., T. Sekiguchi, T. Fujisaka [2001] "An adaptive array antenna with SLC-type preprocessor," Trans. IEICE, vol.J84-B, 3, pp.534-543 (in Japanese)

Hirose, K., K. Orihara, and H. Nakano [2000] "Formation of a circularly polarized tilted beam using radiation cells of a crank-line antenna," Trans. IEICE, vol.J83-B, 1, pp.49-55 (in Japanese)

Hirose.K. and T. Wada [2001] "A bent crossed wire antenna with vertical parasitic elements," Trans. IEICE, vol.J84-B, 9, pp.1664-1672 (in Japanese)

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Hongo, K. and H. Serizawa [1999b], "Diffraction of an acoustic plane wave by a rectangular hole in an infinitely large rigid screen" J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 106, 1, pp. 29-35

Hongo, K., and H. Kobayashi [1999], "High-frequency electromagnetic currents of transition region of an impedance circular cylinder illuminated by an obliquely incident plane wave," Trans. IEE of Japan, vol. 119-A, 6, pp. 776-782

Hongo, K., and H. Kobayashi [2000a], "Diffraction of electromagnetic plane wave by a perfectly conducting cylinder using physical theory of diffraction with transition currents," Electromagnetics, vol. 20, 6, pp. 489-504

Hongo, K., and H. Kobayashi [2000b], "Asymptotic analysis of edge-excited currents on a convex face of an impedance wedge," Proc. 2000 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 1, pp. 141-144

Hongo, K., and H. Kobayashi [2001], "Evaluation of the surface field scattered by an impedance polygonal cylinder," Electromagnetics, vol. 21, 4, pp. 319-339

Hosono, H. and T. Hosono [2000], "Analysis of scattering by means of atomic model," Trans. IEICE, vol. J83-C, 9, pp. 819-825 (in Japanese)

Hosono, H. and T. Hosono [2001], "Analysis of scattering by means of atomic model - the case of H-wave -," Trans. IEICE, vol. J84-C, 3, pp. 176-183 (in Japanese)

Hotta, H., I. Kobayashi, S. Fukai, T. Kojima, and Y. He, [2000], "(FD)/sup 2/TD analysis of light scattering characteristics from an optical disk model with a metallic reflective layer," Trans. IEICE, vol.J84-C, 3, pp. 227-229 (in Japanese)

Hsu, J. P., and T. Hiraoka[1999], "Analysis of stripiline right-angle bend with slant-wise corner cut based on eigenmode expansion method and Foster-type equivalent network," 1999 MTT-S Digest, WEF2-2, pp.1315-1318

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Ichikawa, Y., K. Tomitsuka, S. Obote, and K. Kagoshima [2001] "Computational complexity reduced MMSE adaptive array antenna with space-temporal joint equalization," Proc. 2001 Asia-Pacific Conference on Communications, pp.280-283

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Ida, I., T. Sekizawa, H. Yoshimura, and K. Ito [2001b] "The efficiency-fractional bandwidth product (EB) of small dielectric loaded antennas and the system EB," IEICE Trans.Commun., vol.E84-B, 9, pp.2498-2506

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Ikuno, H. [2000], "Research trends in computational electromagnetics," Proc. 2000 Japan-China Joint Meeting on Optical Fiber Science and Electromagnetic Theory, pp. 62-65

Ikuno, H., K. Koba, and M. Kawano [2001], "A rapid algorithm on the Yasuura method for analyzing 3-d electromagnetic scattering by dielectric objects," Proc. 2001 URSI International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory, pp. 529-531

Ikuno, H., Y. Naka, and A. Yata [2000], "Analysis of optical waveguide devices using the FD-TD method based on the principles of multidimensional wave digital filters," Radio Science, vol. 35, pp. 595-605

Inagaki, M. [2000], :More Informative Interpretation of GPR records by theoretical speculation based on dielectric phenomena, Proc. Ground Penetrating Radar Conference, pp. 200-205

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Ishihara, T., S. Sayama, K. Goto, and T. Sugihara [2000], "A modified UTD analysis of the diffracted electromagnetic field in the transition and shadow regions of a convex conducting cylinder," Trans. IEICE, vol. J83-C, 7, pp. 596-607 (in Japanese)

Ishihara, T.,and Y. Miyagawa [1999], "A uniform asymptotic analysis for the scattered electromagnetic field on a plane dielectric interface excited by a vector point source," Trans. IEICE, vol. J82-C-I, 2, pp.62-73 (in Japanese)

Itoh, A. and T. Hosono [2001], "Transient scattering of electromagnetic waves by a plasma sphere," Proc. 2001 Progress in Electromagnetic Research Simposim,, p363

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Kasami, H., S. Obayashi, H. Shoki [2001] "A modified DCMP algorithm for SDMA receiver in base station of broadband fixed wireless access systems," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E84-B, 7, pp.1774-1780

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Kawanishi, T. and M. Izutsu [1999], "The shift of Brewster's scattering angle due to the loss of dielectric media," Trans. IEICE, vol. J82-C-I, pp.822-823 (in Japanese)

Kawanishi, T., [2000c], "The shift of Brewster's scattering angle," Opt. Commun. vol. 186, 251-258

Kawanishi, T., I. Iwata, M. Kitano, H. Ogura, Z. L. Wang and M. Izutsu, [1999a], "Brewster's scattering angle and quasi-anomalous scattering in random scattering from dielectric interfaces," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, Opt. Image Sci. Vis., vol.16, 2, pp. 339-342

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Kijima, M., Y. Ebine, and Y. Yamada [1999] "Development of a dual-frequency base station antenna for cellular mobile radio," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E82-B, 4, pp.636-644

Kim, Y., H. Morishita, Y. Koyanagi, and K. Fujimoto [2001] "A folded loop antenna system for handsets developed and based on the advanced design concept," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E84-B, 9, pp.2468-2475

Kimura, K., Y. Yamaguchi, H. Yamada [2000], "A trial to calibrate polarimetric PI-SAR data and its image analysis," Proc. of International Symposium on Antennas Propagation, vol.2, pp.561-564

Kinoshita, T., T. Shibazaki, and M. Isao [2001], "Radiation of electric dipole situated near a perfectly conducting circular disk," Proc. 2001 Far-Eastern School-Seminar on Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Analysis, pp. 54-59

Kira, F. and T. Hori [2001] "Beam forming network design for cluster feeding of highly functional scanning antenna," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E84-B, 9, pp.2436-2442

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Kitagata, K. and S. Tokumaru [1999], "Physical optics approximation and boundary diffraction wave along conducting plate," Trans. IEICE, vol. 82-C-I, 9, pp. 518-524 (in Japanese)

Kitamura T., Y. Horii, M. Geshiro, and S. Sawa [2001b], "A dual plane comb-line filter consisting of conductor-backed coplanar waveguide", Trans. IEE of Japan, vol.121-C, 5, pp.906-911 (in Japanese)

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Kitamura, T., T. Yabu, M. Geshiro, S. Harada, and S. Sawa [2001a], "Tapered velocity couplers composed of nonlinear waveguides for limiting optical power", IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.E84-C, 4, pp.421-426

Kobayashi, D., S. Furukawa, T. Yamasaki and T. Hinata [2001], "Transient scattering of a Gaussian pulse by a conducting rectangular cylinder with an open side-wall," Proc. 2001 Progress in Electromagnetic Research Symposium, p362

Kobayashi, H. and Y. Yasuoka [1999b] "Receiving properties of folded-slot array antennas for 94GHz millimeter wave radiation," Trans. IEICE, vol.J82-B, 2, pp.268-275 (in Japanese)

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Kobayashi, H., A. Hasegawa, and Y. Yasuoka [1999a] "Separate type slot antennas for millimeter wave radiation," Trans. IEICE, vol.J82-B, 1, pp.109-115(in Japanese)

Kobayashi, H., K. Hongo, and T. Moriyama [2000], "Scattering of plane wave by a 3-D smooth convex impedance surface using physical theory of diffraction with transition currents," Trans. IEICE, vol. J83-B, 9, pp. 1325-1334 (in Japanese)

Kobayashi, H., Y. Tokumitsu, and K. Hongo [1999], "RCS Calculation software system using PTD-TC," Proc. International Conference on Computational Electromagnetics and its Applications, pp. 569-572

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Kobayashi, I., S. Fukai, T. Kojima, and Y. He, [2000], "FDTD analysis of light scattering characteristic from the magneto-optical disk medium," Trans. IEICE, vol.J83-C, 1, pp. 95-97 (in Japanese)

Kodera, T., H. Shimasaki and M. Tsutsumi [2000], "An Analysis on magnetostatic waves by FDTD method," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E83-C, 5, pp. 713-719

Kogami, Y., and K. Matsumura [2000], "Temperature characteristic measurement for dielectric materials at millimeter wave frequency using the Whispering Gallery mode method," Trans. IEICE , vol.J83-C, 9, pp.897-899 (in Japanese)

Kogami, Y., H. Tamura, and K. Matsumura [2001a], "Measurements of complex permittivity in 100 GHz band by the Whispering Gallery mode resonator method," Trans. IEICE, vol.J84-C, 8, pp.703-706 (in Japanese)

Kogami, Y., Y. Sato, and K. Matsumura [2001b], "A low loss millimeter wave bandpass filter using Whispering Gallery mode dual disk resonators," Trans. IEICE, vol.E84-C, 10, pp.1581-1582

Kojima, T. and H. Arita, [2000], "Numerical analysis of electromagnetic scattering from a dielectric rough surface cylinder," Proc. 2000 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, vol.3, pp. 1339-1342

Kojima, T., S. Fukai, and Y. He, [1999], "FDTD analysis of light-beam scattering and detected signal characteristics from three-dimensional phase-change optical disk structures," Proc. 1999 7th International Symposium on Recent Advances in Microwave Technology, pp. 287-290

Komatsu, M., J. Yamakita, K. Matsumoto, and M. Asai [2000], "Efficient improved Fourier-expansion methods for dielectric lamellar gratings in conical diffraction," Proc. 2000 Japan-China Joint Conference on Optical Fiber Science and Electromagnetic Theory, vol. 1, pp. 87-90

Komatsu, M., J. Yamakita, K. Matsumoto, and M. Asai [2001], "Efficient computation of dielectric gratings in conical diffraction," Proc. 2001 Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, vol. 1, p. 7

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Komiyama, A. [2000b], "Application of the coherent potential approximation to disordered waveguide systems composed of randomly different cores in size," Trans. IEICE, vol.J83-C, 9, pp. 900-903 (in Japanese)

Komiyama, A. [2001], "Singular behaviour of the modal density of states of a disordered binary waveguide system," Proc. 2001 URSI international symposium on electromagnetic theory, pp. 518-520

Komiyama, A. and M. Tokimoto, [2000], "Propagation of light in waveguide system with random imperfections," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E83-C, 12, pp. 1849-1854

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Koshiba, M., and Y. Tsuji [2001], "Curvilinear hybrid edge/nodal elements with triangular shape for guided-wave problems," IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Tech., vol.18, 5, pp.737-743

Koshiba, M., Y. Tsuji, and M. Hikari [1999], "Finite element beam propagation method with perfectly matched layer boundary conditions," IEEE Trans. Magnetics, vol.35, 3, pp. 1482-1485

Koshiba, M., Y. Tsuji, and M. Hikari [2000], "Time-domain beam propagation method and its application to photonic crystal circuits," IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Tech., vol.18, 1, pp.102-110

Koshiba, M., Y. Tsuji, and S. Sasaki [2001], "High-performance absorbing boundary conditions for photonic crystal waveguide simulations," IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Lett., vol.11, 4, pp.152-154

Koshikawa, S. and K. Kobayashi [2000a], "Diffraction by a terminated, semi-infinite parallel-plate waveguide with three-layer material loading: the case of H polarization," Electromagnetic Waves & Electronic Systems, vol. 5, 1, pp. 13-23

Koshikawa, S., and K. Kobayashi [2000b], "Wiener-Hopf analysis of the high-frequency diffraction by a thin material strip," Proc. 2000 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, pp. 149-152

Kudou T. and T. Saitou [2000], "Detection of a buried dielectric cylinder using back-scattering responses of pulsed waves with different durations, Proc. 2000 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, vol.3, pp.943-946

Kumon, Y. and T. Tsukiji [2000] "Z-shaped modified transmission line antenna for a portable telephone," Trans. IEICE, vol.J83-B, 9, pp.1314-1324 (in Japanese)

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Kuroda, M. and K. Kawano [2001], "FD-TD method to solve the moving boundary problems- Comparison between quasi-stationary cases and relativistic cases," Proc. 2001 Far-Eastern School Seminar on Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Analysis, pp. 71-76

Kuroda, M. and S. Kuroda [1999], "FD-TD method for electromagnetic wave scattering from a moving body by using the body fitted grid generation with moving boundary," Proc. 1999 International Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications, pp. 549-552

Kuroda, M. and S. Kuroda [2000], "The FD-TD method for the analysis of electromagnetic wave scattering from an object moving parallel to the incident wave," Electromagnetic Waves and Electronic Systems, vol. 5, 1, pp. 24-31

Kuroda, M. and S. Kuroda [2001], "An application of body fitted grid generation method with moving boundaries to solve the electromagnetic field in a moving boundary," Proc. Applied Computational Electromagnetics, pp. 519-524

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Kuryliak, D. B., S. Koshikawa, K. Kobayashi, and Z. T. Nazarchuk [2001], "Rigorous analysis of the vector diffraction problem for a cylidrical waveguide cavity," Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 3/01, pp. 85-94

Kuryliak, D. B., T. Tsushima, K. Kobayashi, and Z. T. Nazarchuk [1999], "Rigorous analysis of the axial symmetric diffraction problem for a circular waveguide cavity," Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 5/99, pp. 88-94

Kushta, T. and K. Yasumoto [2000], "Electromagnetic scattering from periodic arrays of two circular cylinders per unit cell," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, vol. 29, pp. 69-85

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Kusunoki, A., [1998], "Analysis of electromagnetic scattering by a chiral coated dielectric cylinder using the FDTD method," Proc. 1998 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, vol.2, pp. 975-978

Kusunoki, A., [2000], "Reconstruction of material parameters of a stratified chiral slab," Proc. 2000 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, vol.3, pp. 1291-1294

Maeda, H. and N. Tsumagari [2000], "FDTD analysis of nonlinear dielectric waveguide with rectangular grating structure," Proc. PHOTONICS-2000-International Conference on Fiber Optics & Photonics-, vol. 1, pp. 15-18

Maruyama, T., K. Uehara, T. Hori, K. Kaoghima [1999], "Rigorous analysis of transient radiation mechanism of small multi-sector monopole Yagi-Uda array antenna using FDTD method," International Journal of numerical modeling, vol.12, 4, pp.341-351

Matsuda, T., D. Zhou, and Y. Okuno [1999a], "Numerical analysis of TE-TM mode conversion through plasmon-resonance absorption in a conical mounting," Trans. IEICE, vol. J82-C-I, 10, pp. 42-49 (in Japanese)

Matsuda, T., D. Zhou, and Y. Okuno [2001], "Numerical analysis of diffraction from a mltilayer-coated bigrating," Proc. 2001 Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, p. 324

Matsuda, T., Y. Okuno, and D. Zhou [1999b], "A numerical analysis of plane-wave diffraction by doubly periodic gratings," Proc. 1999 Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, Taipei, Taiwan, p. 647

Matsunaga, M. and K. Yasumoto [2001], "Coupled-mode analysis for characteristic impedances of coupled microstrip lines on ferrite substrates," Proc. 2001 Asia-Pacific Radio Science Conference, p. 76

Matsunaga, M., and K. Yasumoto [2000], "Coupled-mode analysis for dispersion and impedance characteristics of microstrip lines on ferrite substrates," Proc. 2000 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 3, pp.823-826

Matsunaga, M., M. Katayama, and K. Yasumoto [1999], "Coupled-mode analysis of line parameters of coupled microstrip lines," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, vol. 24, pp. 1-18

Matsuoka, H., H. Shoki, Y. Suzuki [1999] "Path diversity using an adaptive array with circularly arranged directional antenna elements," Trans. IEICE, vol.J82-A, 6, pp.875-883, 1999 (in Japanese)

Matsuoka, T. and M. Tateiba, [1999], "Calculation of scattered power from a layer with randomly distributed particles for the application to the detection of water contents in soil," IEEE 1999 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, vol.4, pp. 2185-2187

Matsuoka, T. and M. Tateiba, [2000a], "Numerical analysis of the EM scattered power by a layer of random medium for application to water detection of moist soil," Proc. 2000 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, vol.2, pp. 855-858

Matsuoka, T. and M. Tateiba, [2000b], "Comparison of scattered power from a layer with randomly distributed lossy spheres of high dielectric constant by using radiative transfer theory," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.E83-C, 12, pp. 1803-1808

Matsushima, A. and H. Sakamoto [2001], "Application of wire model to calculation of impedance of transmission lines with arbitrary cross sections, Trans. IEICE, vol. J84-C, 12, pp. 1232-1240 (in Japanese)

Matsushima, A., T. L. Zinenko, H. Nishimori, and Y. Okuno [2000], "Plane wave scattering from perpendicularly crossed multilayered strip gratings," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, vol. 28, pp. 185-203

Matsuyama,K., S. Oota, M. Kawamorita and I. Tamura," Radar technique for detecting voids under concreyte pavement, " Non-Destructive Testing in Civil Engineering 2000, pp.559-566

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Meng Z. Q., and M. Tateiba, [2001], "Bistatic cross-sections of a conducting circular cylinder in a continuous random media," Proc. 2001 URSI international symposium on electromagnetic theory, pp. 580-582

Meng Z. Q., and M. Tateiba,[2000],"Bistatic cross-sections of a conducting circular cylinder embedded in random media with spetial reference to spatial coherence lengths of sacttered waves," Proc. 2000 Japan-China Joint Meeting on Optical Fiber Science and Electromagnetic Theory , pp. 111-114

Meng Z. Q., N. Yamasaki, and M. Tateiba, [2000a], "Numerical analysis of bistatic cross-sections of conducting circular cylinders embedded in continuous random media," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.E83-C, 12, pp. 1814-1819

Meng Z. Q., N. Yamazaki, and M. Tateiba,[2000b], "Bistatic cross-sections of conducting circular cylinders embedded in continuous random media", Proc. 2000 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, vol.2, pp. 851-854

Meng, Z, T. Takenaka, and T. Tanaka [1999], "Image reconstruction of two-dimensional impenetrable objects using genetic algorithm," J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. vol. 13, 1, pp. 95-118

Meng, Z., T. Takenaka, and S. He, [2000], "A Genetic Algorithm with an Adaptive Chromosome Structure for Reconstruction of Radome Parameters Using Gaussian Beam," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, 5, pp. 323-327

Miura, T., N. Shinohara, and H. Matsumoto [1999] "Experimental study of rectenna connection for microwave power transmission," Trans. IEICE, vol.J82-B, 7, pp.1374-1383 (in Japanese)

Miwa, T. M.Sato and H. Niitsuma [2000b], "Experimental study on wideband polarimetric borehole radar system using tilted slot antenna on a conducting cylinder," Trans. IEICE,vol. J83-B, 2, pp. 235-244 (In Japanese)

Miwa, T., M.Sato and H. Niitsuma [2000a], "Antenna compensation method using direct coupling wave in polarimetric borehoele radar measurement," Electronocs and Communications in Japan :Part 1, vol. 83, 11, pp 11-21

Miwa, T., M. Sato, and H. Nitsuma [2000] "Experimental study on broadband polarimetric borehole Rader system with tilted slot antenna on conducting cylinder," Trans. IEICE, vol.J83-B, 2, pp.235-244 (in Japanese)

Miyahara, N., Y. Shimawaki, S. Makino and M. Ishiguro [1999] "A milli-wave Cassegrain antenna using shaped beamwaveguide feed," Trans. IEICE, vol.J82-B, 2, pp.260-267 (in Japanese)

Miyashita, H., H. Ohmine, K. Nishizawa, S. Makino, S. Urasaki [1999a], "Electromagnetically coupled coaxial dipole array antenna," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol.47, 11, pp.1716-1726

Miyashita, H., I. Chiba, S. Urasaki, and S. Fukao [1999b] "Simple expression of antenna coupling by using a product of radiation patterns," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E82-B, 11, pp.1867-1873

Moriyama, T., M. Nakamura, Y. Yamaguchi, H. Yamada, W. -M. Boerner [1999], "Classification of target buried in the underground by radar polarimetry," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E82-B, 6, pp.951-957

Moriyama, T., Y. Yamaguchi, H. Yamada [2000], "Three dimensional fully polarimetric maging in snowpack by a synthetic aperture FM-CW radar," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E83-B, 9., pp. 1963-1968

Motojima K., N. Takada, M. Ohki, and S. Kozaki [1998], "Diffraction of the electromagnetic waves from a sinusoidal metallic and dielectric grating by PMM," Electromagnetics, vol. 18, 6, pp. 631-642

Murakami, K. and M,Sato[2001] , "Environmental Study by Airborne Polarimetric SAR," Proc. WS on Remote Sensing by Low-Frequency Radars

Murata, M., T. Kitamura, M. Geshiro, T. Yamada, and S. Sawa [2001], "Analysis of slot-coupled microstrip filters," Trans. IEE of Japan, vol.121-C, 10, pp.1570-1576 (in Japanese)

Naito, I., M. Yamato, S. Honma, N. Miyahara and S. Makino [1998] "A patterning method of polarization grids on a reflector using reflector surface developing technique," Trans. IEICE, vol.J81-B-II, 11, pp.1030-1037 (in Japanese)

Naka, Y. and H. Ikuno [2000a], "Analysis of transmission characteristics of two-dimensional photonic crystal L-shaped optical bend waveguides," Proc. 2000 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, vol.2, pp. 787-790

Naka, Y. and H. Ikuno [2000b], "Guided mode analysis of two-dimensional photonic crystal optical waveguides," Proc. 2000 Japan-China Joint Meeting on Optical Fiber Science and Electromagnetic Theory, pp. 78-81

Naka, Y. and H. Ikuno [2001], "Analysis of 2-D photonic crystal L-shaped optical waveguide and its application to optical devices," Proc. 2001 URSI International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory, pp. 529-531

Nakagawa, S. and S. Tokumaru [1999], "Scattering of electromagnetic waves by conducting half-plane - A consideration by energy flux densities -," Trans. IEICE, vol. 82-C-I, 6, pp. 301-309 (in Japanese)

Nakamura, S. and T. Honjo [2001] "Single-fed crossed V-Dipoles with four masts for circular polarization," Trans. IEICE, vol.J84-B, 6, pp.1025-1032 (in Japanese)

Nakamura,M., Y.Yamaguchi, H.Yamada, W.-M.Boerner, [1998], "Real-time and full polarimetric FM-CW radar and its applications to the decomposition of targets," Proc. 1998 International Symposium on Noise Reduction for Imaging and Communication Systems, pp.301-306

Nakano, M., T. Satoh, and H. Arai [2000] "Cellular base station polarization measurement with human body," Trans. IEICE, vol.J83-B, 11, pp.1554-1564 (in Japanese)

Nakauchi T., Arai I. and Hayakawa H.[2000], "A small prospecting radar system," Proc. 8th Int. Conf. on Ground Penetrating Radar, pp.548-551

Nakayama, J. [2000a], "Periodic Fourier transform and its application to wave scattering from a finite periodic surface," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.E83-C, 3, pp. 481-487.

Nakayama, J. [2000b], "Wave scattering from an apodised sinusoidal surface," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.E83-C, 7, pp. 1153-1159.

Nakazawa, T., H. Yamada, and Y. Yamaguchi [2001] "EM-MODE in high resolution DOA estimation for nonuniform array," Trans. IEICE, vol.J84-B, 1, pp.92-100 (in Japanese)

Nanbu, Y., T. Matsuoka, and M. Tateiba, [2001c], "Effective properties of random medium containing chiral spheres," Proc. 2001 Far-east school-seminar on mathematical modeling and numerical analysis, pp. 98-103

Nanbu, Y., Wei Ren, M. Tateiba, and T. Matsuoka, [2000a],"Analysis of the effective medium parameters of a medium containing randomly distributed chiral particles," Proc. 2000 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, vol.2, pp. 859-862

Nanbu, Y., Wei Ren, T. Matsuoka, and M. Tateiba, [2001b], "Effective constitutive parameters of a sparse medium containing randomly distributed chiral spheres," Proc. 2001 IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, pp. 322-325

Nanbu, Y., Wei Ren, T. Matsuoka, and M. Tateiba, [2001d], "Effective constitutive parameters of a sparse medium containing high dielectric chiral spheres," Proc. 2001 Korea-Japan AP/EMC/EMT joint conference, pp. 121-124

Nanbu, Y., Wei Ren, T. Matsuoka, M. Hiramoto and M. Tateiba, [2001a], "The effective properties of a medium containing randomly distributed chiral spheres," Proc. 2001 URSI international symposium on electromagnetic theory, pp. 178-180

Nanbu, Y., Wei Ren, T. Matsuoka, M. Hiramoto and M. Tateiba,[2000b], "Numerical analysis of the effective constitutive parameters of a random medium containing spherical chiral particles," Proc. 2002 Japan-China Joint Meeting on Optical Fiber Science and Electromagnetic Theory, pp. 143-146

Nebiya, H., N. Hasebe, and S. Nagasawa [1999] "A small spiral ring antenna-holding like the radiation pattern of one wavelength loop antenna-," Trans. IEICE, vol.J82-B, 1, pp.88-96 (in Japanese)

Nishimori, K., K. Cho, Y. Takatori, T. Hori [2000] "Two base station configuration using an adaptive array at elevated locations for microcell systems," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E83-B, 8, pp.1688-1696

Nishimori, K., K. Cho, Y. Takatori, T. Hori [2001a] "A novel configuration for realizing automatic calibration using dispersed SPDT switches for TDD systems," Trans. IEICE, vol.E84-B, 9, pp.2516-2522

Nishimori, K., K. Cho; T. Hori [2001b] "Automatic calibration method of adaptive array utilizing signal circulation for linear array," Proc. of VTC 2001-Fall, vol.3, pp.1819-1823

Nishimoto, M. and H. Ikuno [2001], "Time-frequency processing of scattering responses from a dielectric sphere," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-C,9 , pp. 1256-1259

Nishimoto, M., and H. Ikuno [2000], "Time-frequency analysis of scattering responses from a dielectric sphere," Proc. 2000 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 1, pp. 417-420

Nishimoto, M., S. Ogura, and H. Ikuno [1998], "Extraction of target information from radar echoes by using the wavelet transform," Proc. 2nd Asia-Pacific Engineering Research Forum on Microwaves and Electromagnetic Theory, pp. 37-44

Nishioka, Y., and T. Uno [2000] "Effective radiation efficiency of resistor-loaded bow-tie antenna covered with ferrite-coated conducting cavity located above ground surface," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E83-B, 2, pp.419-421

Nishioka, Y., O. Maeshima, T. Uno and S. Adachi [1999], "FDTD analysis of resistor-loaded bow-tie antennas covered with ferrite-coater coducting cavity for subsurface radar," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol. 47, 6, pp. 970-977

Nishizawa, K., Y. Konishi,S. Makino,T. Katagi [2000] "Detecting each position of residual reflections using a radiation pattern measurement method for eliminating reflections by distance changing technique," Trans. IEICE, vol.J83-B, 9, pp. 1293-1302 (in Japanese)

Noguchi, K., M. Mizusawa, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Okumura, and S. Betsudan [1999] "Increasing the bandwidth of a small meander line antenna consisting of two strips," Trans. IEICE, vol.J82-B, 3, pp.402-409 (in Japanese)

Obayashi, S., O. Shibata, H. Kasami, H. Shoki, Y. Suzuki [2001] "An adaptive array antenna steered by IF local signal phase shifters for K-band broadband fixed wireless access base station," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E84-B, 9, pp.2523-2529

Odachi, N., S. Sekine, H. Shoki, Y. Suzuki [2001] "A novel analytical method for optimizing the terminating impedance of an inverted-F antenna for antenna selection diversity on a hand-held phone," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E84-B, 1, pp.89-94

Ogawa, K. and J. Takada [2000] "An analysis of the effective performance of a diversity antenna influenced by head, hand and shoulder effects," Trans. IEICE, vol.J83-B, 6, pp.852-865 (in Japanese)

Ogawa, K., Y. Koyanagi, and K. Ito [2001] "An analysis of the effective radiation efficiency of the normal model helical antenna close to the human abdomen at 150MHz and consideration of efficiency improvement," Trans. IEICE, vol.J84-B, 5, pp.902-911 (in Japanese)

Ogura, A., and K. Shiraishi [2001], "A field-profile transformer utilizing a graded-index oval-core (GIO) fiber," IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Tech., vol.19, 1, pp.49-53

Ogura, A., K. Shiraishi, and H. Kato [2001], "Experimental performance of silica GIO fibers with a highly elliptic core," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett., vol.13, 6, pp.594 -596

Ohira, T. and K. Gyoda [2000] "Electronically steerable passive array radiator antennas for low-cost analog adaptive beamforming," IEEE Internaional Conf. Phased Array Syst. Tech., pp.101-104

Ohki, M., K. Shimizu, and S. Kozaki [2000], "Scattering of a Gaussian beam by a dielectric rectangular cylinder," IEEE Trans. Electromagnetic Compatibility, vol. 42, 2, pp. 164-171

Ohnuki, S. and T. Hinata [1999], "Radar cross section of an open-ended rectangular cylinder with an iris inside the cavity," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E81-C, 12, pp. 1875-1880

Ohtsuka, M., I. Chiba, T. Katagi and T. Suzuki [1999] "Consideration for beam direction of difference pattern in a monopulse phased array antenna," Trans. IEICE, vol.J82-B, 3, pp.427-434 (in Japanese)

Okada, S., S. Koshikawa and K. Kobayashi [2001a], "Wiener-Hopf analysis of the plane wave diffraction by a finite parallel-plate waveguide with three-layer material loading:part I the case of E polarization," Proc. 2001 Far-Eastern School-Seminar on Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Analysis, pp. 110-113

Okada, S., S. Koshikawa, and K. Kobayashi [2001b], "Wiener-Hopf analysis of the plane wave diffraction by a finite parallel-plate waveguide with three-layer material loading: part II the case of H polarization," Proc. 2001 Far-Eastern School-Seminar on Mathmatical Modeling and Numerical Analysis, pp. 114-116

Okamura, A., R. Yonezawa, T. Kirimoto [1999a] "Direction finding by spatial smoothing super resolution algorithm using window functions for array interpolation," Trans IEICE, vol. J82-B, 6, pp.1185-1192 (in Japanese)

Okamura, A., T. Fujisaka, T. Kirimoto, S. Mano [1999b] "A adaptive calibration algorithm for transmitting digital bema forming antennas," Trans. IEICE, vol. J82-B, 12, pp.2329-2336 (in Japanese)

Okamura, A., T. Fujisaka, T. Kirimoto, S. Mano [2000] "A Compensation method for the differences between sub-array responses in ESPRIT algorithm," Trans. IEICE, vol.J83-B, 4, pp.501-509 (in Japanese)

Okamura, Y. [1998], "Measurement of enhanced backscattering using image processing system," Proc. 1998 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing. Symposium, vol.4, pp. 2104-2106

Okamura, Y. and S. Yamamoto, [2000], "Measurement of a depth profile in a random medium using coherent backscattering of light," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.E83-C, 12, pp. 1809-1813

Okamura, Y., H. Kai, and S. Yamamoto, [1999], "Enhanced backscattering from random media with multople suspensions," IEICE Trans. Electron. , vol.E82-C, 10, pp.1846-1852

Okubo, K., A. Sanada, and K. Yamane [2000b], "FDTD analysis of a microstrip line with a magnetized YIG-GGG thin film," The 8th International Conference on Ferrites Digests, p. 19BpII-3.

Okubo, K., A. Sanada, S. Takenawa, and K. Yamane [2000a], "FDTD analysis of an obliquely magnetized YIG film microstrip line," IEEE Trans. Magnetics, vol. 36, 5, pp. 3499-3501

Okubo, K., A. Sanada, S. Takenawa, and K. Yamane [2000c], "FDTD analysis of a microstrip line with YIG film magnetized in arbitrary direction," Proc. 2000 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, vol. 1, pp. 357-360

Okuno, Y., D. Zhou, and T. Matsuda [2001b], "Analysis of diffraction by a thin metal grating: excitation of surface plasmons," Proc. 2001 International Workshop on Advanced Electromagnetics, p. 41

Okuno, Y., M. Fujimoto, and T. Matsuda [2001a], "Numerical evaluation of diffractive optical elements with binary subwavelength structures," Proc. URSI International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory, pp. 311-313

Oota, S., T. Fujiwara, K. Matsuyama and Y. Kanemoto [2000], "Evaluation of Concrete Strength using Radar Method on Structures, " Non-Destructive Testing in Civil Engineering 2000, pp.549-557

Pramono, Y.H., M. Geshiro, T. Kitamura, and S. Sawa [1999], "Self-switching in crossing waveguides with three channels consisting of nonlinear material," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.E82-C, 1, pp.111-118

Pramono, Y.H., M. M. Geshiro, T. Kitamura, and S. Sawa [2000], "Optical logic OR-AND-NOT and NOR gates in waveguides consisting of nonlinear material," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.E83-C, 11, pp.1755-1762

Rawat, B.S., Y. Naciri, K. Yasumoto, H.W. Li, A. Sharaiha, and J.Le Bihan [1999], "Analysis of an optically controlled nonlinear directional coupler," J. Opt. Commun., vol.20, 5, pp.162-167

Rikuta, Y., and H. Arai [2000] "Self-diplexing antenna using patch antenna with a hole," Trans. IEICE, vol.J83-B, 8, pp.1178-1185 (in Japanese)

Saito, Y., I. Nagano, and H. Haruki [2001] "A novel loop antenna for a wristwatch phone," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E84-B, 5, pp.1423-1430

Saito, Y., I. Nagano, S. Yagitani, and H. Haruki [2000] "Radiation characteristic of an antenna for a small radio terminal in vicinity," Trans. IEICE, vol.J83-B, 10, pp.1437-1445 (in Japanese)

Saitoh, I., M. Koshiba, and Y. Tsuji, [1999b], "Stress analysis method for elastically anisotropic material based optical waveguides and its application to strain-induced optical waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol., vol.17, 2, pp. 255-259

Saitoh, I., M. Koshiba, and Y. Tsuji,[1999c], "Stress analysis method considering piezoelectric effects and its application to static strain optic devices" J. Lightwave Technol., vol.17, 9, pp. 1926-1633

Saitoh, K. and M. Koshiba, [2001a], "Full-vectorial finite element beam propagation method with perfectly matched layers for anisotropic optical waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol., vol.19, 3, pp. 405-413

Saitoh, K. and M. Koshiba, [2001b], "Approximate scalar finite-element beam-propagation method with perfectly matched layers for anisotropic optical waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol., vol.19, 5, pp. 786-792

Saitoh, K., M. Koshiba, and Y. Tsuji, [1999a], "Numerical analysis of integrated acoustooptic tunable filters with weighted coupling", J. Lightwave Technol., vol.17, 2, pp. 249-254

Saitoh, K., M. Koshiba, and Y. Yasui,[1999a], "Numerical analysis of integrated acoustooptic tunable filters with weighted coupling," J. Lightwave Technol., vol.17, 2, pp. 249-254

Sakakibara, K., T. Watanabe, K. Sato, and K. Nishikawa [2001] "Millimeter-wave slotted waveguide array antenna manufactured by metal injection molding for automotive Radar systems," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E84-B, 9, pp.2369-2376

Sakina, K., and M. Ando [2001a], "Mathematical derivation of modified edge representation for reduction of surface radiation integral," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-C, 1, pp. 74-83

Sakina, K., and M. Ando [2001b], "Line integral representation for diffracted fields in physical optics approximation based on field equivalence principle and Maggi-Rubinowicz transformation," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-B, 9, pp. 2589-2596

Sakina, K., S. Cui, and M. Ando [2000], "Derivation of uniform PO diffraction coefficients based on field equivalence principle," The Trans. IEICE, vol. J83-C, 2, pp. 118-127 (in Japanese)

Sakurai, H. [2001], "Scattering of a Gaussian beam by the spherical Luneberg lens," Proc. 2001 Far-Eastern School-Seminar on Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Analysis, pp. 138-143

Sakurai, H., M. Ohki, and S. Kozaki [1999], "Analysis of modified Luneberg lens using exact solutions," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E82-C, 10, pp. 1846-1852

Sakurai, H., M. Ohki, K. Motojima, and S. Kozaki [2000a], "Scattering and focusing effect of stepped index Luneberg lens," Int. J. Infrared and Millimeter Waves, vol. 21, 10, pp. 1639-1652

Sakurai, H., M. Ohki, K. Motojima, and S. Kozaki [2000b], "Scattering of a Gaussian beam by spherical objects," Proc. 2002 Japan-China Joint Meeting on Optical Fiber Science and Electromagnetic Theory, pp. 147-150

Sanada, A., A.K. Saha, I. Awai, and E.O. Kamenetskii [2000], "FDTD Analysis of a rectangular ferrite resonator with a filamental surface metallization," The 8th International Conference on Ferrites Digests, p. 19BpII-4

Sanada, A., K. Okubo, and I. Awai [2001], "Full-wave finite-difference time-domain formulation for gyromagnetic ferrite media magnetized in arbitrary direction," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-C, 7, pp. 931-936

Sanada, A., K. Okubo, and K. Yamane [1999], "Full-wave FDTD analysis of transmission characteristics of a microstrip line with a YIG thin film substrate," Proc. 1999 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, vol. 3, pp. 944-947

Sanada, A., K. Okubo, H. Shiraga, K. Yamane [1998a], "Full-wave finite-difference time-domain analysis for ferrite Devices," Proc. 1998 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, vol. 3, pp. 1197-1200

Sanada, A., M. Sanagi, S. Nogi, and K. Yamane [1998b], "FD-TD analysis of coaxial probes inserted into rectangular waveguides," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E81-C, 12, pp. 1821-1829

Sanada, Y., and Y. Ashida [1999]," An imaging algorithm for GPR data," Proc. Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems, pp.565-569

Sasamori, T., T. Ishimori, and K. Sawaya [2001] "A helical antenna suppressing body effect for VHF portable radio terminals," Trans. IEICE, vol.J84-B, 5, pp.951-953 (in Japanese)

Sato, H., Q. Chen and K.Sawaya [2000], "3-dimmensional PML absorbing boundary Condition for dispersive and anisotropic medium," Proc. 2000 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, vol.1, pp. 429-432

Sato, K. and H. Ujiie [2001] "A plate luneberg lens with permittivity distribution controlled by hole density," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.J84-B, 5, pp.912-922. (in Japanese)

Sato, R. and H. Shirai [1999], "EM scattering analysis by a loaded trough on aground plane using SIBC - E polarization case -," Proc. 1999 IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, vol. 4, pp. 2858-2861

Sato, R. and H. Shirai [2000], "Electromagnetic wave scattering by two rectangular troughs on a ground plane," Proc. 2000 IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, vol. 1, pp. 418-421

Sato, R. and H. Shirai [2001], "Applicability of impedance boundary condition for approximating a loaded trough on a ground plane," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-C, 1, pp. 123-125

Sato, R. and H. Shirai [2001a], "Electromagnetic wave scattering by two rectangular troughs on a ground plane - H polarization case -," Proc. 2001 IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, vol. 4, pp. 742-745

Sato, T. [1999] , "Shape estimation of space debris using single-range Doppler interferometry," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol.37, 2, pp.1000-1005

Sato, T., T. Nakamura, and K. Nishimura,[2000b] , "Orbit determination of meteors using the MU radar," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E83-B, 9, pp.1990-1995

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Seki, T. and T. Hori [2001] "Cylindrical multi-sector antenna with self-selecting switching circuit," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E84-B, 9, pp.2407-2412

Sekiguchi, T. and Y. Karasawa [2000] "Frequency-invariant adaptive receiving and transmitting null beamforming," Trans IEICE, vol.J83-B, 1, pp.31-38 (in Japanese)

Sekine, S., S. Odachi, O. Shibata, H. Shoki, Y. Suzuki [2001] "Novel design method for antennas for selection diversity on wireless terminals," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.E84-B, 9, pp.2451-2459

Serizawa, H. and K. Hongo [2000], "Electromagnetic radiation field from a flanged rectangular waveguide," Proc. 2000 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 1, pp. 97-100

Serizawa, H. and K. Hongo [2001], "Kobayashi potential and its application to evaluating field radiated from a flanged rectangular waveguide," Proc. 2001 Far-Eastern School-Seminar on Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Analysis, pp. 150-155

Serizawa, H., K. Hongo, and H. Kobayashi [2001], "Scattering from a thin rectangular plate at glancing incidence," Electromagnetics, vol. 21, 2, pp.147-163

Seto, I., H. Shoki, S. Ohshima [2001] "Optical subcarrier multiplexing transmission for base station with adaptive array antenna," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol.49, 10, pp.2036-2041

Shibata, K., O. Hashimoto and K. Wada [2001] , "Estimation of complex permittivity using rectangular waveguide with flange by FDTD method," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.E84-C, 7, pp. 977-980

Shibazaki, T., M. Isao, and T. Kinoshita [2001], "Method of the FDTD analysis for periodic waveguide," Proc. 2001 Far-Eastern School-Seminar on Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Analysis, pp. 158-163

Shigesawa, H., and M. Tsuji [2000], "Leaky-wave phenomena viewed from the time domain," Radio Science, vol.35, 2, pp.435-441

Shimasaki, H., T. Kodera and M. Tsutsumi [1998], "Analysis on nonlinear characteristics of electromagnetic waves in a ferrite waveguide by FDTD method," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.E81-C, 12, pp. 1831-1837

Shimoda, M., R. Iwaki, M. Miyoshi and O. A. Tretyakov [1999], "Transient phenomean of electromagnetic waves by the abrupt extinction of interior terminative conducting screen in wavegude," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E82-C, 8, pp. 1584-1591

Shimoda, M., R. Iwaki, M. Miyoshi, and T. Matsuda [2001], "Wiener-Hopf analysis of the diffraction by an impedance wedge: the case of E polarization," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-C, 7, pp. 994-1001

Shimoda, M., T. Matsuda, R. Iwaki, M. Miyoshi, and O.A. Tretyakov [2000], "Transient scattering caused by time-dependent resistive screen in waveguide," International Workshop on Direct and Inverse Wave Scattering, pp. 33-42

Shirai, H. [1999a], "High frequency propagation prediction and estimation for wireless communication systems," IEEE MTT-S International Topical Symposium on Technologies for Wireless Applications, pp. 117-120

Shirai, H., T. Hayashi, and K. Okawa [2000], "High frequency analysis of EM scattering by automobile models," Proc. 2000 Japan-China Joint Meeting on Optical Fiber Science and Electromagnetic Theory, pp. 255-258

Shirai., H., K. Watanabe, N. Hasegawa, and H. Sekiguchi [1999b], "Plane wave scattering with multiple diffraction by finite parallel plate waveguide cavities," Trans. IEICE, vol. J82-C-I, 11, pp. 625-632 (in Japanese)

Shiraishi, K., A. Ogura, and K. Matsuura [1998], "Spot-size contraction in standard single-mode fibers by use of a GI-fiber tip with a high focusing parameter," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett., vol.10, 12, pp.1757-1759

Shiraishi, K., and S. Kuroo [2000], "A new lensed-fiber configuration employing cascaded GI-fiber chips," IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Tech., vol.18, 6, pp.787-794

Suzuki, K., T. Kashiwa and Y. Hosoya [2000], "Reducing the numerical dispersion in the FDTD analysis by modifying anisotropically the speed of light," Trans. IEICE, vol.J83-C, 5, pp. 389-396 (in Japanese)

Syarial, N. Tamura, Y. Yamada, M. Omiya, and K. Itoh [2001] "Considerations on a circular microstrip patch antenna with slits for rectenna elements," Trans. IEICE, vol.J84-B, 2, pp.224-253 (in Japanese)

Tadokoro, M. and K. Hongo [2001], "Scattering of electromagnetic wave by large open-ended cavities with surface impedacne boundary condition," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-C, 10, pp. 1583-1587

Tadokoro, M., and K. Hongo [2001], "Scattering of electromagnetic wave by large open-ended cavities with surface impedance boundary conditions," IEICE Trans. Electoron., vol. E84-C, 10, pp. 1583-1587

Taguchi, Y., Q. Chen, and K. Sawaya [2000a] "Broadband monopole Yagi-Uda antenna," Trans. IEICE, vol.J83-B, 1, pp.56-64 (in Japanese)

Taguchi, Y., Q. Chen, and K. Sawaya [2000b] "Broadband and low-profile Yagi-Uda antenna composed of inverted-F and inverted-L shaped elements," Trans. IEICE, vol.J83-B, 1, pp.65-70 (in Japanese)

Tajima, Y., M. Watanabe, K. Sakaguchi, and N. Hasebe [2000] "A circularly polarized omnidirectional small helical antenna," Trans. IEICE, vol.J83-B, 3, pp.314-323 (in Japanese)

Takahashi, Y., K. Tanaka, and M. Tanaka [2001b], "Evaluation of iterative-solutions used for three-dimensional volume integral equation," Trans. IEE Jpn., vol. 121-A, 10, pp. 922-927

Takahashi, Y., S. Matsuda, K. Tanaka, and M. Tanaka [2001a], "A calculation method of power reflection and transmission coefficients for the electromagnetic wave simulation of honeycomb sandwich structures in using 3D volume integral equation," Trans. IEICE, vol. J84-C, 10, pp. 944-953 (in Japanese)

Takahashi, Y., S. Suzuki, S. Matsuda, K. Tanaka, and M. Tanaka [2000], "Electromagnetic wave simulation of honeycomb sandwich structures by 3D volume integral equation," Trans. IEICE, vol. J83-C, 7, pp. 608-616 (in Japanese)

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Tanaka M. and K. Ogata,[2001a], "Fast image reconstruction of dielectric cylinders using optimal regularization parameter," Trans. IEICE, vol. J84-C, 1, pp. 54-55 (in Japanese)

Tanaka M., and K. Ogata [2001b],"Fast inversion method for electromagnetic imaging of cylindrical dielectric objects with optimal regularization parameter,"IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. E84-B, 9, pp. 2560-2565

Tanaka, K. and K. Iizuka [2001], "Simulation of step frequency imaging technique processed by the least squares method," Jpn. J. Applied Phys., vol. 40, 2A, pp. 881-889

Tanaka, K., M. Tanaka, and K. Katayama [1999], "Simulations of two-dimensional photon scanning tunneling microscope by integral equation method: p-polarization," Optical Review, vol. 6, 3, pp. 249-256

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Tanaka, K., M. Yan, and M. Tanaka [2001], "A simulation of near field optics by three dimensional volume integral equation of classical electromagnetic theory," Optical Review, vol. 8, 1, pp. 43-53

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Tanaka, M. and K. Tanaka [2001b], "Computer simulation for two-dimensional near-field optics with use of a metal-coated dielectric probe," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 18, 4, pp. 919-925

Tanaka, T., A. Sakitani, S. Egashira, and M. Akikawa [2001] "A design method of beam tilting antenna with multiple reactive loadings," Trans. IEICE, vol.J84-B, 1, pp.82-91 (in Japanese)

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Tsuji, Y., and M. Koshiba[2000c], "Guided-mode and leaky-mode analysis by imaginary distance beam propagation method based on finite element scheme," IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Tech., vol.18, 4, pp.618-623

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Yasumoto, K., T. Kushta, and H. Toyama [2001], "Reflection and transmission of electromagnetic waves by multilayered periodic arrays of cylindrical objects - role of evanescent space-harmonics -," Proc. 2001 International Symposium on Microwave and Optical Technology, pp. 457-460

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Yoda, H., T. Sakurai, A. Ogura, and K. Shiraishi[2001], "A lensed fiber employing a wedge-shaped GIF for high-efficiency coupling between SMFs and high-power LDs having ultra-high aspect ratio," Proc. European Conference on Optical Communication, vol.3, 9, pp.418-419

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Yokota, M. and M. Kai, [2001], "Scattering of a Hermite-Gaussian beam field by a chiral cylinder," Proc. URSI international symposium on electromagnetic theory, pp. 175-177

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Yoneta, S., M. Koshiba, and Y. Tuji[1999a], "Combined beam propagation and finite element method for bidirectional optical beam propagation analysis," Trans. IEICE, vol.J82-C-I, 2, pp.74-81 (in Japanese)

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Yoon, K. Y., M. Tateiba, and K. Uchida, [2000a], "FVTD simulation for one dimensional rough surface scattering at low-grazing angle," Proc. 2000 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, vol.2, pp. 867-870

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Yoon, K. Y., M. Tateiba, and K. Uchida, [2000c], "An accurate solution for random rough surface scattering at low-grazing angle," Proc. 2002 Japan-China Joint Meeting on Optical Fiber Science and Electromagnetic Theory, pp. 123-126

Yoon, K. Y., M. Tateiba, and K. Uchida, [2001],"Ray tracing analysis of large-scale random rough surface scattering and delay spread," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol.E84-C, 2, pp. 267-270

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Yoshida, Y., K. Tanaka, and M. Tanaka [2001], "Simulation of 2D photon scanning tunneling microscope with metal-coated probe," Proc. 2001 Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium, p. 648

Yuasa, A., D. Itatsu, N, Inagaki, and N, Kikuma [1999] "Theoretical analysis of a monopole antenna with conducting flat disc above the earth," Trans. IEICE, vol.J82-B, 12, pp.2320-2328 (in Japanese)

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Zhou, D., T. Matsuda, and Y. Okuno [2001b], "An efficient technique for numerical solution of diffraction from a multilayer-coated bigrating," Proc. 2001 Asia-Pacific Radio Science Conference, p. 91

Zhou, D., Y. Okuno, T. Furuse, and T. Matsuda [2001c], "Analysis of surface plasmons excited on a thin metal grating placed in classical or conical mounting," Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Kumamoto University, vol. 46, 2, pp. 59-75

Zhou, H. and M. Sato [2000], "Application of Vertical Radar Profiling Technique to Sendai Castle," Geophysics, vol.65, 2, March-April, pp. 533-539

Zhou, H. and M. Sato [2001], "Archaeological Investigation in Sendai Castle using Ground-Penetrating Radar," Archaeological Prospection, 8, March, pp.1-11

Zhu, H., J. Takada, K. Araki, and T. Kobayashi [2001a], "A random-phase-assisted ray-tracing code for wireless channel modeling," The J. Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society, vol. 16, 1, pp. 69-78

Zhu, H., J. Takada, K. Araki, and T. Kobayashi [2001b], "Verification of a two-dimensional/three-dimensional hybrid ray-tracing method for spatiotemporal channel modeling," Radio Science, vol. 36, 1, pp. 53-66

Zhu, H., J.Takada, K. Araki, and T. Kobayashi [2001c], "A ray-tracing-based characterization and verification of the spatio-temporal channel model for future wideband wireless systems," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. E84-B, 3, pp. 644-652

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